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Acronyms

A word formed from the initial letters of a name

Ex: RN, ST, MD,

1

Hippocrates. Classical

Era: classical

Father of medicine
Introduced confidentiality

2

Aristotle. Classical.

Era: classical

Introduced logical thinking
Studied under Plato

3

Galen. Classical.

Era: classical

First introduced idea of experimentation to medicine
Dissected dead animals and recorded them

4

Vesalius. Renaissance.

Era: Renaissance

Dissected human cadavers and drew human anatomical drawings.

5

Hooke. 17-18 century

17th 18th century

Invented microscope

6

Jenner. 17-18 century

17th 18th century
Created smallpox vaccine

* Thomas Jefferson

7

Lister. 17-18 century

17th 18th century

Antiseptic surgery

8

Pasteur. 17-18 century

17th 18th century

Pasteurization

9

Billroth. 17-18 century

17th 18th century

Gastric surgery

10

Halstead. 17-18 century

17th 18th century

Suturing techniques

11

Roentgen. 17-18 century

17th 18th century

X-ray machine

12

Modern surgery. 20 century (4)

Developed in 20th century
Better technology
High standards of patient safety and care
Microbiology, anatomy and physiology classes

13

Emergent. Ex:

Life threatening

Ex: AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm

14

Urgent

The patient is stable but treatment or surgery is needed within a short period of time

15

Elective

Surgery is needed but can be done at a later time

16

Optional

Does not require surgery to survive

17

Proprietary (2)

Owned and operative for profit
Tax supported

18

DRG's

Diagnosis related groups

19

Diagnosis Related Groups (3)

1. Family physician works as gatekeeper
2. Determines rather or not a specialist is required
3. What money is left from preauthorized patient care , the hospital keeps if not spent. Unless the patient needs to stay longer

20

HMO (4)

Health management organization

1. Insurer an provider
2. Capitation fees predetermined
3. Physician works under contract
4. Patient has less choices

21

PPO

Preferred provider organization

1. Patient has more choices
2. Acts as both insurer and provider of medical services
3. Capitation payment-fees are predetermined

22

Preceptor

Teacher who demonstrates the general rules of conduct and procedures

23

STST

Surgical technologist sterile role

24

Professional

Person who has special education and training in a specific field

25

JACHO

Joint commission on accreditation of healthcare organization

26

ARC/STSA

Accreditation review committee surgical technology surgical assisting

27

Non sterile team members

Circular and anesthesiologist

28

Sterile team members

First scrub surgical tech, surgeon, surgical assistant

29

NBSTSA

National board surgical technology surgical assisting