Intro A&P Exam 4- Book Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro A&P Exam 4- Book Notes Deck (215)
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1

Abdominal Cavity

abdominal cavity- begins at inferior surface of the diaphragm
stomach, liver, spleen, colon
different in that it is totally protected by muscle
4 quadrants- RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, RUQ

2

Abduction

movement away from the midline

3

Adduction

movement toward the midline

4

Adipose Tissue

fatty tissue

5

Afferent Nerves

sensory nerves, carry messages TO brain and spinal cord

6

Amphiarthrosis

joint with little motion

7

Amount of Blood in Human

adult- 4 to 6 quarts

8

Anatomic Position


a standard position of the body: standing erect, facing directly forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, and arms hanging down at the sides with palms facing forward. This position is used as a reference to describe sites or motions of various parts of the body

9

Anatomy

study of the structure of an organism

10

Anterior

ventral, front half of body

11

Aorta artery

largest artery in the body, carries blood away from the heart

12

Aortic valve

flap or cusp located between the left ventricle and the aorta

13

Apnea

absence of respirations, temporary cessation of respirations

14

Arachnoid Membrane

part of the meninges, arachnoid membrane- delicate layer that allows blood vessels to pass through

15

Arteries

blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

16

Arterioles

smallest branch of an artery, connects arteries to capillaries

17

Axon

carry impulses away from the cell body of a neuron

18

Basophils

participate in the body's inflammatory response, produce histamine- a vasodilator, and heparin- an anticoagulant

19

Biceps Brachii

upper arm, flexes lower arm and supinates hand

20

Bicuspid valve

mitral valve- between left atrium and left ventricle
also called the bicuspid valve

21

Biology

Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.

22

Bradycardia

slow heart rate, below 60 beats per minute

23

Buccal Cavity

mouth

24

Capillaries

connect arteries and venules, diffusion takes place here

25

Cardiac Muscle

forms the walls of the heart, contracts to circulate blood

26

cardiac sphincter

opening between esophagus and stomach, valve

27

Carotid artery

on the neck on either side of the treachea

28

Cataract

lens becomes cloudy and opaque, leads to blindness

29

Cellular respirations

the use of oxygen and nurients to produce energy, water, and carbon dioxide

30

Centrosome

the area of cell cytoplasm that contains 2 centrioles