Flashcards in International migration Deck (15)
What are hub cities/world cities?
Cities with a major influence based on finance, law, political strength, innovation and ICT.
What are elites?
Very wealthy, highly skilled or influential people.
What type of migrants do global cities attract?
High-paid professional workers
Low skills migrants
How are high-paid professionals attracted to global cities?
HQ's and offices of TNCs are often located in global hubs, so high-paid professional workers such as bankers, lawyers or stock-market traders are attracted to these places and this creates huge wealth.
How are global elite attracted to global cities?
Investment and often hire maids, drivers, nannies and gardeners.
How are low skilled workers attracted to global cities?
Low skilled, low wage migrants are used as construction workers for office and apartment blocks in global hubs.
What is the economic cost and benefit of migration for the source country?
Benefit: Remittances boost the incomes of families
Cost: Loss of skilled and educated workers
What are remittances?
A payment of money sent as a gift. Usually migrants from host country to source country.
What is the economic cost and benefit for the host country?
Benefit: Low wages workers fill skills gaps
Cost: Some host population workers can't get jobs
What is the social cost and benefit for the source country?
Benefit: Contact with a different culture
Cost: Families are broken up as young males tend to migrate
What is the social cost and benefit for the host country?
Benefit: Migrants can counteract an ageing population.
Cost: Demand for education, health and housing prices.
What is the political cost of the source country?
Mass emigration can be viewed as a failure to provide for people at home.
What is the political cost of the host country?
Cultural tensions with migrant population
What is the environmental benefit of the source country?
Reduces pressure on resources if the population is large.