Initiating Exam Flashcards Preview

PMP - Study Guide > Initiating Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Initiating Exam Deck (103)
Loading flashcards...
1

The difference between a project manager and a functional manager is:

a project manager is a specialist.
a project manager is a technical supervisor.
a project manager is a facilitator.
a functional manager develops how work will be done.

A project manager is a facilitator

2

Organizations manage their _________ to maximize value, based on specific goals.

projects
portfolio
programs
schedules

Portfolio

3

________ organizations are the most likely to have a PMO (project management office).

Functional
Balanced matrix
Weak matrix
Project oriented

Project oriented

4

The PMO provides

administrative support
training
resource alignment
all of the above

All the above

5

Staff members are grouped by specialty within a __________ organization.

functional
entrepreneurial
balanced matrix
projectized

Functional

6

What type of organizations highly use project managers?

Functional.
Hierarchical.
Balanced matrix.
Projectized.

Projectized

7

________ organizations decentralized specified products or functions, while maintaining divisions that report to the central executive.

Functional
Entrepreneurial
Matrix
Projectized

Matrix

8

Project management includes the process of initiating, planning,

identifying and executing.
scoping and controlling.
executing and process.
monitoring and controlling.

Monitoring and controlling

9

Strategic considerations that are typically required before a project is authorized include

market demand for the project.
creation of a unique product or service.
organizational need.
all of the above

All of the above

10

The first step in managing a project is

Identifying the problem.
Establishing a clear objective.
Identifying project requirements.
Planning and scheduling activities.

Identifying project requirements.

11

Human resource expertise, skills, and competencies are examples of

Resource availability
Employee capability
Infrastructure
Software elements

Employee capability

12

What is a principal regarding system?

Systems are not dynamic
Systems can be optimized
System components can not be optimized
all of the above.

Systems can be optimized

13

Factors in organizational structure selection include

Pareto charts
Physical location
Risk reviews
Hybrids

Physical location

14

Which organizational structure gives high to almost total authority for the project manager?

Virtual
Functional
PMO
Organic

PMO

15

Centralization refers to the decision-making authority within the organization. _________ decision-making is that which is delegated down to subordinates

Complex
Formal
Centralized
Decentralized

Decentralized

16

Reading a release about their competitor's new product progress and proposed release date, ABC Company directors meet to discuss the increasing pressure on them. They decide to escalate a current competitive product model they have in redesign. The model has been tested several times already. The last test revealed a potential overheating hazard that needed to be corrected. The current design can be put into production, which will beat their competition's product to market. Safety features will still be worked on and a recall can be issued as soon as the redesigned portion is complete and tested. The budget director indicates that the benefits of being first to market will more than compensate for costs incurred from a future recall, since only a percentage of customers ever respond to recall notices anyway. What kind of ethical standard are the ABC Company directors exercising?

A restrained egoism.
Utilitarianism.
Nonsequentialism.
Kant's ethics.

A Restrained egoism

17

When a project is performed under contract, ________ are considered constraints.

contractual provisions
specific project assumptions
boundaries
acceptance criteria

Contractual provisions

18

_________ addresses written rules and procedures deem necessary to maintain organization control and coordination.

Complexity
Formalization
Centralization
Decentralization

Formalization

19

An organizations ________ provides the organization and its employees with an identity.

structure
culture
management
hierarchy

Culture

20

In a culture where management maintain consistency through exclusive control, decision-making and auditing, new structure elements and interrelationships are created. ________ addresses vertical and horizontal components of job and work group differentiation and division of labor and authority.

Complexity
Formalization
Centralization
Decentralization

Complexity

21

Project integration management includes all of the following except

Develop Project Charter
Develop Resource Plan
Close Project
Close Phase

Develop resource plan

22

What are examples of organizational process assets?

Previous project schedules.
Projected data.
Risk responses plans.
Cost baselines.

Previous project schedules

23

Who is responsible for analyzing information contained in the project scope?

The sponsor.
The project team.
The performing organization.
The initiator.

The project team

24

Outputs from Develop Project Charter include:

WBS
high-level risks
PDM system
PMI system

High-level risks

25

Is there any tool or technique that aids the project management team in effectively developing a project charter?

No.
Benefit contributions model
Various databases
Expert judgment

Expert judgment

26

A characteristic of an operation that is NOT a characteristic of a project is

who performs the task.
resource constraints.
it is planned and controlled.
it is ongoing and repetitive.

It is ongoing and repetitive

27

_________ Are organized activities that help achieve the organization's strategic plan

Plans
Projects
Programs
Operations

Projects

28

All of the following are examples of a project EXCEPT

r&d.
a public works contract.
operation of an automated accounting system.
a 2020 hybrid car model.

Operation of an automated accounting system

29

What is the primary objective of an operation?

To sustain the business.
To reach and terminate at its end goal.
To construct a facility.
To develop a product.

To sustain the business

30

The longest project activity phase, that covers actual activities, measurement, and evaluation, is the ________ phase

concept
organization
application
operational

Operational