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Flashcards in INFLAMMATION Deck (28)
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1

What are the 3 inflammatory response of Acute Inflammation?

- Vascular
- Cellular
- Mediators

2

Define Hemodynamics.

Study of forces in blood circulation

3

Describe Vascular Stage.

Swell
Heat
Alter function
Redness
Pain

4

What response is vascular change with minor injury?

Transient Response (immediate)

5

What response is vascular change with serious injury damaging vessels, continuing for days?

Sustained Response (immediate)

6

What response is vascular change with an increase in capillary permeability for 4-24hrs after injury (sunburn)?

Hemodynamic Response (delayed)

7

Describe Cellular Stage.

Movement of phagocytic leukocytes into injury area

8

2 types of leukocytes assist in Acute Inflammation Response are?

Granulocytes
Monocytes

9

Describe Margination in cellular response to inflammation.

Adhesions of leukocytes to endothelial lining

10

Describe Pavementing in cellular response to inflammation.

WBC occupy the perphery

11

Describe Emigration in cellular response to inflammation.

WBC move out of capillary into interstitial space

12

Describe Chemotaxis in cellular response to inflammation.

Chemical movement of phagocytes to damage site (microbe)

13

Describe Adherence in cellular response to inflammation.

Phagocyte to the pathogen

14

Describe Phagocytosis in cellular response to inflammation.

Engulf and degrade bacteria

15

Explain Inflammatory Mediators.

Produce signs/symptoms - originate from plasma or cell

16

Describe Acute Inflammation.

Immediate response
Short duration
Self-limiting
Exudation of fluid

17

Describe Chronic Inflammation.

Develop from progressive acute inflammation
Long duration
Self-perpetuating
Infiltration of macrophages/lymphocytes

18

Describe Granulomatous Formation.

Mass of macrophages surrounded by lymphocytes to form granuloma

19

Describe Non-Specific Chronic Inflammation.

Diffuse of macrophages and lymphocytes at injury site (scar)

20

Define Local Manifestations.

Manifestations of swelling/formation of exudates and ulceration

21

Explain Serous Exudates.

Plasma entering inflammatory site (blister)

22

Explain Hemorrhagic Exudates.

Damage to blood vessels - leakage of red blood cells from capillaries

23

Explain Membraneous/Pseudomembranous Exudates.

Mucous membrane surface development (tonsillitis)

24

Explain Purulent of Suppurative Exudates.

Contian pus

25

Explain Fibrinous Exudates.

Severe injury in a body cavity

26

Explain Abscess.

Inflammation are with Purulent exudates (pus)

27

Explain Ulceration.

Epithelial surface is necrotic and eroded

28

What is Systemic Manifestations?

Inflammatory mediators released into body circulation