Infection control: Principles and Practices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infection control: Principles and Practices Deck (67)
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1

What does OSHA stand for?

Occupational safety & Health Administration.

2

Why was the Occupational Safety & Health Administration created?

It was created by the U.S Department of Labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards, to protect employees. (1970)

3

What does HCS stand for?

Hazard Communication Standard.

4

What does HCS do?

They require that chemical manufactures and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with the product.

5

What does MSDS stand for?

Material Safety & Data Sheet.

6

What is the reason behind MSDS sheets?

They are created to inform the consumer about product safety, including names of hazardous ingredients.

7

List the 4 organisms that are harmful to the body:

1. Bacteria
2. Viruses
3. Fungi
4. Parasites

8

Define Pathogenic Bacteria:

Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans.

9

What are the 5 routes of entry for pathogenic bacteria to enter the body?

They can enter through: Broken or inflamed skin, mouth, eyes, ears and by unprotected sex.

10

What is a disinfectant?

Disinfectants are chemical products that destroy ALL bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces.

11

What is a "hospital disinfectant" effective for cleaning?

Blood and bodily fluids. Helps control spread of disease.

12

What kind of surfaces can hospital disinfectants be used on?

Nonpourous surfaces.

13

What is a "tuberculocidal disinfectant"?

Proven to kill the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, a disease caused by bacteria, transmitted through coughing or sneezing.

14

Why do State Regulatory Agencies exist?

They exist to protect salon and spa professionals and protect consumer's health and safety.

15

The bacteria Staphylococci causes what infection/disease?

Staph infection, boils.

16

What do Staphylococci look like?

Clusters.

17

The bacteria Streptococci causes what infection/disease?

Strep throat, blood poisoning,

18

What does Streptococci look like?

Curved lines or beads.

19

The bacteria Diplococci causes what infection/disease?

Pneumonia

20

What does Diplococci look like?

Spherical. (pairs)

21

The bacteria Bacilli causes what infection/disease?

Lockjaw (tentanus), Typhoid fever, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria.

22

What does Bacilli look like?

Short rod shaped.

23

The bacteria Spirilla causes what infection/disease?

Syphilis, Lyme disease.

24

What dose Spirilla look like?

Spiral, corkscrew.

25

Organisms that grow, feed and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as a host), while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism is known as?

A parasite.

26

The definition of a Bloodborne pathogen is:

A disease causing microorganism carried in the body by blood or body fluids.

27

Information complied by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.

MSDS.

28

An organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size is called what?

A microorganism.

29

What are chelating soaps?

Detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.

30

A ringworm fungus of the foot, also known as athlete's foot. What is the medical name?

Tinea pedis.