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Flashcards in Industrial Revolution and Imperialism Deck (18)
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1

industrial revolution

Started in GB; 18-19th centuries; farming, rural societies became industrial and urban

2

Nationalism

devotions to one's own national group

3

Social darwinism

"Survival of the Fittest"

4

Cottage industry

Crafted products made in the home by skilled person

5

Urbanization

Movement of people from countryside to cities

6

Scramble for Africa

Europeans wanted African land becuase it had land, laborers and natural resources

7

assembly line

large scale production of objects by unskilled people, each doing one job along an assembly line

8

enclosure movement

landowners combined small fields into large fields and fenced them in

9

Berlin Conference

Germany chopped up land in Africa and took it for their own

10

Colony (Somali land, French Colony)

Country or region "governed internally by foreign power"

11

Protectorate (ex Britain over Niger River Delta)

a country or territory with it's own internal government but under "control of an outside foreign power"

12

Economic imperialism (Dole Fruit Co controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii)

Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments

13

Sphere of influence (liberia under US influence)

Outside power stakes claim exclusive investment of trading privileges with a country

14

Opium Wars

British East India Co imported opium to China; many became addicted; Chinese official demanded that opium trade in Canto stop; GB refused; war started

15

Sepoy Rebellion

Started when Sepoy Indian troops refused to use ammo believed to be dipped in pork fat. Pigs and cows were sacred. Also unhappy due to oppression of religion, land takeovers. In the end, India dissolved British East Indian Company and Britain took control of India directly

16

Reasons for imperialization of Africa

1. Raw materials
2. Natural Resources
3. Cheap Labor
4. New marketplaces for manufactured goods

17

Reasons for imperialization of Asia

GB helped out India by building canals, bridges, RRs. They traded their tea for indian cotton. India became the JEwel of the Crown.

18

Connection of Enclosure Movement to Industrial Revolution

Enclosure movement took land away from peasants and combined lands to increase productivity. Peasants were forced to go to cities to work because their farming conditions became too poor.