Flashcards in Industrial Revolution and Imperialism Deck (18)
Started in GB; 18-19th centuries; farming, rural societies became industrial and urban
devotions to one's own national group
"Survival of the Fittest"
Crafted products made in the home by skilled person
Movement of people from countryside to cities
Scramble for Africa
Europeans wanted African land becuase it had land, laborers and natural resources
large scale production of objects by unskilled people, each doing one job along an assembly line
landowners combined small fields into large fields and fenced them in
Germany chopped up land in Africa and took it for their own
Colony (Somali land, French Colony)
Country or region "governed internally by foreign power"
Protectorate (ex Britain over Niger River Delta)
a country or territory with it's own internal government but under "control of an outside foreign power"
Economic imperialism (Dole Fruit Co controlled pineapple trade in Hawaii)
Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments
Sphere of influence (liberia under US influence)
Outside power stakes claim exclusive investment of trading privileges with a country
British East India Co imported opium to China; many became addicted; Chinese official demanded that opium trade in Canto stop; GB refused; war started
Started when Sepoy Indian troops refused to use ammo believed to be dipped in pork fat. Pigs and cows were sacred. Also unhappy due to oppression of religion, land takeovers. In the end, India dissolved British East Indian Company and Britain took control of India directly
Reasons for imperialization of Africa
1. Raw materials
2. Natural Resources
3. Cheap Labor
4. New marketplaces for manufactured goods
Reasons for imperialization of Asia
GB helped out India by building canals, bridges, RRs. They traded their tea for indian cotton. India became the JEwel of the Crown.