Flashcards in ID Deck (103)
White curd like vaginal discharge should make you think of what diagnosis?
vaginal candida infection
owl eye inclusion bodies should make you think of what diagnosis?
if you have a patient with positive blood cultures for candida what is the first line drug?
what is the treatment for pertussis?
erythromycin x 7 days
a leukemia patient has a CT of the liver which shows punched out lesions. Dx?
what disease dose Rickettsia rickettsii cause?
rocky mountain spotted fever
an india ink stain showing cysts should make you think of what?
an HIV pt presents with a nonproductive cough and a chest x ray showing diffuse interstitial infiltrates. Dx?
pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCJ)
honey and babies should make you think of what?
what type of organism causes botulism?
gram + rod, clostridium botulinum
what is the treatment for botulism?
a patient presents to the ER with acute progressive weakness, diploplia and a very dry mouth. what organism may be causing this?
rice water stool
is diphtheria gram + or -?
a stuck on grey membrane in the pharynx should make you think of what diagnosis?
what are the four steps in treating diphtheria?
antitoxin, penicillin, remove membrane, report the case to the CDC
what is the clinical name for whopping cough?
what type of organism is tetanus?
a gram + rod, clostridium tetani
a pt ate out last night and today has cramping and bloody diarrhea. most likely organism?
diarrhea with blood and mucus should make you think of what?
what is the best test to dx malaria?
peripheral blood smear
what organism has been linked to reactive arthritis?
shigella, also remember that reactive arthritis has a positive HLA-B27
what is the tx for shigella?
bactrim or fluoroquinolones
what organism causes lyme disease?
what is the minimum amount of time needed for a tick to transfer lyme disease to a human?
what is the drug of choice to treat lyme disease in kids or pregnant women
what is the drug of choice to treat C. difficile?
A patient was in the woods yesterday and today presents with erythema migrans. What is the most likely diagnosis?
what drug is used to tx or prophylax malaria?