Hitler Flashcards Preview

History > Hitler > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hitler Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

Hitler joined the

German Workers Party
Became leader

2

Renamed German Workers Party

to NSDAP (National Socialist German Worker's Party) aka Nazi pary

3

SA

Aka Brownshirts

4

SS

Hitler's bodyguards

5

Der Fürher

The leader
Right arm salute

6

NSDAP

Held rallies and marches where Hitler spoke.
Fought street battles

7

March on Berlin

Aka putsch
Failed
Five years in prison Hitler
Wrote Mein Kampt

8

Hitlers's aims

Tear up treaty
Make Germany a greater power
Empire that united all German speakers
Destroy communism and socialism
Remove all Jews from Germany

9

1928 election

NSDAP only got 12 seats in Reichstag

10

1930 election

Nazis won 107 seats as communism scared many Germans
Political violence became common
Hitler made speeches throughout Germany

11

Why people voted for Hitler

Promised to lower unemployment
Hatred of treaty
Good propaganda
Loss of faith in democracy

12

Dictatorship forming

Nazis took over police
Brownshirts killed opponents
Communism banned (reichstag fire)
Gestapo formed
Enabling Law 1933
Political terror increased
All other parties banned and trade unions by summer '33

13

Gestapo

Secret police
Kept population under control

14

Enabling Law 1933

Hitler could rule by decree
End of democracy

15

Night of the Long Knives

Hitler had leaders of the SA killed and all his political oppoments killed along with anyone who posed a threat to his dictatorship.

16

Hitler made the army

Swear an oath of loyalty to him

17

Why Germans supported Hitler

His foreign policy was very successful and made them proud
His economic policy was also great.
Propaganda (Josef Goebbels)
Berlin Olympics used as a Nazi showcase

18

'Battle for Work' 1933

Provided work through public work schemes
Recruitment
Strong car industry

19

Who Was in charge of propaganda

Josef Goebbels

20

1936 Berlin Olympics

Jews not allowed compete even though Top 10 athletes were Jewish
Anti-semitic posters taken down
German team had over 300 athletes
Won 89 medals
New stadium 100,000 seats

21

Education

PE emphasised
Loyalty to the Führer taught from playschool
Hist hooks rewritten to glorify Germany
Hitler Youth , League of German Maidens -indoctrinated Nazi ideas.

22

Problems Hitler faced

Massive unemployment (30% by 1932)
Reparations and Treaty

23

Solutions

Fixed wages- trade unions banned
Stopped paying reparations
No taxes on new cars
Investment in car industry.

24

Anti-semitism 1933-1939

Nazis believed themselves superior
Said Jews were enemies of Aryan race
Hitler made life hard for the Jews
Wanted them out of Germany

25

What did he do to Jews

Boycotted Jewish shops
Not allowed to work for the gov
Anti-Jewish signs pinned all over Germany
Forced to sell business at a much lower price than their worth
Nurembourg Laws 1935- Illegal for Jews+Germans to marry/have relations.

26

Nurembourg Laws 1935

Illegal for Jews and Germans to marry or have relations.

27

Kristallnacht cause

In 1938 a German diplomat was shot by a Jew in Paris.

28

Kritallnacht dates

9th and 10th of November 1938

29

What happened on Kristallnacht

Nazis attacked all Synagogues
Destroyed Jewish shops and property
Murdered 91 Jews and sent 30,000 to concentration camps
These were soon released but had been treated horribly
Fined Jewish community 1 billion marks

30

Kristallnacht def

Night of Broken Glass