Historical Language Change Flashcards Preview

A- Level English Language Child Language Development/ Language Change > Historical Language Change > Flashcards

Flashcards in Historical Language Change Deck (25)
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1

When was the Pre- English period

450

2

Who ruled during the Pre- English period and what was the language

Romans and Celtic

3

When was the Early Old English period

450-850

4

Who ruled during the Early Old English period and what was the language

Anglo- Saxons and Germanic dialects that caused English

5

When was the Later Old English period

850-1100

6

Who ruled during the Later Old English period and what was the language

Vikings and English with Scandinavian influence

7

When was the Middle English period

1100-1450

8

Who ruled during the Middle English period and what was the language

Normans and French

9

When was the Early Modern English period

1450-1750

10

Who ruled during the Early Modern English period and what was the language

England and English with borrowings from Greece, France, Portugal, Italy and Spain

11

When was the Modern English period

1750-1950

12

What happened during the Modern English period

Industrial revolution and becomes the official language of many countries around the world

13

When was the Late Modern English period

1950- today

14

What happened during the Modern English period

English becomes the language of I.T. with 900 million speakers of English

15

Why is Standard English important (2)

To guarantee intelligibility and to allow speakers all over the world to communicate

16

What and when was Chancery Standard

An agreed form of English adopted by bureaucrats based on the East Midlands dialect with Northern pronouns. 1430

17

What and when was Caxton's Printing Press

Caxton brought a printer to Westminister and printed the first book in England in his own East Midlands dialect called the Canterbury Tales in 1476

18

Who was John Cheke

A prescriptivist who believed that English was moving away from its traditional Germanic roots and wanted to stop this.

19

What is prescriptivism

View that language shouldn't change and standard English is the best.

20

What is descriptivism

View that language change is inevitable and natural and can't be stopped. Describing how people speak differently.

21

What did the English language do in the years of Columbus

When new foods, animals and plants were introduced they used loanwords

22

Example of a loanword from Columbus time

Spanish patata- potato

23

2 examples of words from science (Greek & Latin)

Telescope and thermometer

24

When and why is the King James Bible important

1611 and he attempted to make a standard version of the Bible and used 30 scholars to produce an official translation

25

What was Cawdrey's Table Alphabetical?

A list of 2500 words with synonyms to explain their meanings