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Flashcards in Hematology Deck (182)
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1

anemic patients with reticulocyte count > 2 indicates

working marrow, RBC loss is either from bleeding or hemolysis

2

anemic patients with reticulocyte count > 2 indicates

working marrow, RBC loss is either from bleeding or hemolysis

3

anemic with retic cound

bone marrow failure from lack of epo or nutrients

4

why does renal failure cause anemia

lack of EPO production

5

what does high indirect bilirubin mean?

hemolysis or glibert syndrome

6

high indirect bilirubin, high LDH, and high corrected retic count all point to?

hemolysis

7

everyone has a least _____types of hemoglobin

3

8

a decrease is what 2 type of hemoglobin leads to thalassemia?

alpha and beta

9

normal white blood cell count

4.5 -11

10

normal platelet count

150-400

11

normal recticulocyte count

25-85

12

Burr cells =

uremia (too much urea in the blood) kidney's are not doing well

13

Spur cells=

postsplenectomy

14

Schistocytes =

DIC, vasulitis, and thrombotic thrombocytopenia

15

Tear drop

iron deficiency

16

target cells

thalassemias

17

basophilic stippling

lead toxicity

18

bite cells

G6PD deficiency

19

rouleaux formation

Multiple myeloma

20

increased recticulocyte count =

hemolysis or hemorrhage

21

type of cells found in sideroblastic lead

dimorphic stippling

22

who gets alpha thalassemia and who gets beta

Alpha; asian and Beta is meds and africans

23

life long anemia and positive iron stores think....

thalassemia

24

what determines the severity of alpha thalassemia

how much chains are deleted

25

another name for beta thalassemia?

Cooley's anemia

26

tx for thalassemia?

transfusions, but must be careful not to overload

27

iron overloading may result in

hemosiderosis, heart failure, cirrhosis.

28

what medication can be given to postpone hemosiderosis

deferoxamine or oral deferasirox

29

what are iron store and hemoglobin levels like in thalassemia?

hemoglobin is low 3-6 and iron is normal

30

definitive tx for thalassemia

bone marrow transplant or spenectomy