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Flashcards in Health, Safety and Nutrition Deck (71)
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What are the three A's of a healthy child?

1. appetite: variety of foods
interested in eating
2. appearance: clear, bright eyes
clear skin
gains weight and height
age appropriate muscles
3.activity: lots of energy
few aches and pains


List the common signs and symptoms you might see in a child who is experiencing illness while in your care.

1. vomiting
2. fever
3. change in bowel movements
4. pain
5. skin marks


symptoms of heat exhaustion

The condition is caused by excessive sweating. The person's skin becomes pale and clammy, and the person feels sick, dizzy, and/or faint. Pulse rate and breathing become rapid, and a headache or muscle cramps may develop. Take action! Parents should be notified.


symptoms of heat stroke

Occurs because of prolonged exposure to very hot conditions. The mechanism in the brain that regulates body temperature stops functioning, and the body's temperature rapidly rises to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. The person becomes flushed, with hot, dry skin and a strong rapid pulse. He or she quickly becomes confused or unconscious.


symptoms of dehydration

Dry to very dry mouth. Little or no tears when crying. Less active than usual, or very fussy. Infant will wet less than 6 diapers a day; a child will make fewer trips to the restroom than he normally does. Eyes are sunken. Hands and feet are cool and blotchy. Pulse may seem week and fast. child will not urinate for hours.


Give three examples of how to use Universal Precautions in a child care program

When caring for blood or any other bodily fluids:

1. wear gloves
2. clean and disinfect any contaminated areas
use 1/4 cup of bleach to 1 gallon of water
3. wash hands thoroughly
4. change diapers on non porous surfaces


list 5 items that should be sanitized as often as possible

1. toilets
2. drinking fountains
3. toys
4. crib rails
5. diapering areas

*Bleach on item for at least 10 minutes


List 3 safe and sanitary food habits from the section "The Role of Proper Food Handling in Preventing Illness"

1. Clean utensils
2. food storage
3. Proper defrosting: thaw frozen food under refrigeration. Thaw submerged under running water
4. Clean and healthy workers
5. Avoid cross contamination


From the section titled, "The role of administering medicine in preventing illness" describe procedures you would follow to administer medicine to a child enrolled in your program.

1. Medication must list name of recipient, dose, route, time and date of last dosage
2. Medicine must be in original package
3. Must have parents permission
4. Need to know who is authorized to administer medication


From the section titled, "The Elements of a safe environment" what are some basic characteristics of a safe child care environment?

1. Safety equipment: First aid kid
smoke detectors
fire equipment
2. Surroundings are neat and orderly
3. Supervised children
4. Potential hazards at a minimum
5. Caregivers practice safety policies and procedures


From the section titled, "poisoning" how can you help to prevent poisoning in children enrolled in your child care program?

- Keep chemicals out of reach
- following safe food handling
- obey directions found on medicine label
- teach children to not place unfamiliar object near their mouth.


From the "Psychological support for injured children" describe how a professional child care provider should react when a child in his or her care is injured

Stay calm and in control


From the section titled, " Preventing injury and accidents," how can a caregiver help to prevent accidents?

1. Playground is securely fenced
2. No broken glass or debris
3. Electrical outlets are covered
4. Hazardous cleaning supplies are put away


Describe procedures you would include in a monthly fire drill

1. Evacuation route
2. Take attendance
3. Designation meeting place
4. Emergency numbers


List 5 best practices for transportation safety

1. car seat at 45 degree angle
2. children under 6 must be in a car seat or safety belt
3. no safety seat should be placed in front seat
4. make sure car seat is buckled in
5. car seat straps should fit snugly


Describe how basic nutritional needs of babies, toddlers, and young children should be met

Children develop at their own rate and all children do better when they are allowed to do this and are not pushed into the next stage of development.

A caregiver should pay close attention to the mouth, hand, and body skill development in the infants they feed.


Describe the food pyramid and its importance

1. Pyramid changed in 2005
2. Added fats and oils as a a category
3. Foods drawn in a realistic style
4. Number of servings is a single number rather than a range
5. Illustrations show physical activity
6. 2 and 3 year olds need same number of servings as a 4-6 year old but only smaller portions (about 2/3)


Explain the roles of the adult and child during mealtime

Adult - mealtimes should be enjoyable and teach children social skills; plan, prepare and serve table manners; teach food groups

Child - table manners; learn about foods and its culture; know when they are full; join in conversation


From the section " Inappropriate foods," list 3 different age groups and some foods that are inappropriate for them

baby- anything not milk

toddler- honey, peanuts, hard candy, sugar, popcorn

young child - soda, caffeine, sweets, fast food in moderation


What should you do and not do when a child is choking?

Do: allow to cough
hiemlich manuever if trained

Don't: hit back
finger sweep mouth
put head between knees
perform heimlich in not trained


define health

well being of a child including physical, emotional, social, and mental self and the absence of disease or abnormal condition


characteristics of a healthy environment

1. clean work/play area
2. proper hygiene
3. practice of a written health policy


define written policy

maintains a safe and healthy child care program


qualities of a healthy environment

1. notebook containing policies
2. notebook given at time of work
3. rules posted: given to families


emotional health



social health



mental health

interested in new experiences/ confident


special needs

Children who have physical, emotional or behavioral conditions that delay or affect development


the signs to observe in a daily health check fit into three categories

1. behavior
2. face
3. body


behavior signs in daily health check

general mood
unusual behavior
activity level
difficulty breathing
coughing and sneezing