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Flashcards in Health Care and Treatment Deck (39)
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1

Anatomy

The study of the structure or morphology of the body and how the body parts are organized.

2

Physiology

The study of the functions of body parts, what they do and how they do it.

3

Pathology

The study of the diseases of the body.

4

Basic reference systems of bodily organization

Directions, planes, cavities, and structural units.

5

Superior

Uppermost or above

6

Inferior (Caudal)

Lowermost or below.

7

Cephalad (Cranial)

Toward the head.

8

Anterior (Ventral)

Toward the front.

9

Lateral

Toward the side or away from the midline of the body.

10

Distal

Away from the point of attachment.

11

Midsagittal Plane

Vertically divides the body through the midline into two equal portions or halves.

12

Sagittal Plane

Any plane parallel to the midsagittal or median plane vertically diving the body into unequal right and left portions.

13

Horizontal (Transverse) Plane

Any plane dividing the body into superior and inferior portions.

14

Body has two major cavities.

Dorsal Cavity and the ventral cavity.

15

Viscera

The organs of any cavity.

16

Dorsal cavity

Contains organs of the nervous system that coordinate the body's functions. Cranial cavity and the Spinal cavity.

17

Cranial Cavity

Contains the brain.

18

Spinal cavity

Contains the spinal cord.

19

Ventral cavity

Contains organs that are involved in maintaining homeostasis. Thoracic cavity and Abdominopelvic cavity.

20

Diaphragm

The muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.

21

parietal

Refers to the walls of a cavity.

22

Visceral

Refers to the covering on an organ.

23

catobolism

energy releasing process that breaks down large molecules.

24

anabolism

energy requiring process that builds larger molecules

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metabolism

total chemical changes that occur inde a cell.

26

Krebs cycle

step after glycolysis in which pyruvic acid gets broken down in to carbon dioxide gas and water.

27

hypertonic solution

more water inside the red blood cell than in the solution.

28

Early stages of Anthrax

Nasal/Throat swabs
Cultures FA and PCR

29

What vaccines are available for BW

Argentine Fver
Botulinum Toxin
Q fever
Rift Valley Fever
Tularemia
VEE

30

Chemoprophylaxes are available for who?

Anthrax, plague, Q-fever, and tularemia