Health Beliefs and Behaviours - Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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1

Why use theory?

- Synthesis: pull together learning from prior research
- Prevent “inventing the wheel”
- Allows for testing and refuting of ideas within a scientific dialogue

2

What is Theory?

A theory is a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that present a systematic view of events or situations by specifying relations among variables in order to explain or predict the events.

3

What is Theory made of ?

Made of concepts or building blocks

4

What are the 2 concepts in theory?

- Constructs
- Variables

5

What concepts are specific to a theory?

Constructs

6

What concepts are used in a study or application of the theory?

Variables

7

set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and
propositions that present a systematic view of events or situations by specifying relations among variables in
order to explain or predict the events

what is this?

theory

Made of concepts or building blocks
● Constructs are concepts specific to a theory
● Variables are concepts used in a study or application
of the theory

8

What are the 4 Worldviews?

- Postpositivism
- Constructivism
- Transformative / Critical
- Pragmatism

9

Describe Postpositivism (3)

- Scientific method
- Test Cause and effect
- Uses observation and measurement

10

Describe Constructivism (3)

- Seeks to understand the world
- Multiple perspectives/meanings based on social context
- Theory generation

we believe there's multiple ways of interpreting the world and that we develop meaning based on our context

11

Describe Transformative / Critical (4)

- Political
- Power and justice oriented
- Collaborative
- Change oriented

12

Describe Pragmatism (3)

- Problem centred
- Choose the worldview and research approach suited to the problem
- Real-world oriented

13

What are the 7 Guiding Principles for the Application of Theory to Med Use?

1. There is no single theory that is appropriate for all med use research
2. Behavioral science theories are probabilistic, not deterministic
3. Health behavior must be defined precisely to influence it.
4. Many factors outside of pt control influence pt med use
5. Every patient is unique
6. Patient motivation is a fundamental ingredient
7. Health care providers can have a profound effect on patient med use

14

What is Sick Role?

Behaviours expected of a person defined as sick.

15

What are the Rights of Sick Role? (2)

- Freedom from blame for illness
- Exemption from normal roles and tasks

16

What are the Duties of Sick Role? (2)

- Intend to get well
- Cooperate with health care professionals

17

What are the Problems of Sick Role? (4)

- The sick role is not necessarily temporary
- The sick role is not always voluntary
- Variability in sick role legitimacy
- Responsible for sickness

18

"“a set of expectations in the sense that it is what one should do” and individuals choose roles from a role set using the other person in the interactions as the guide." is the definition of ?

Role Theory

19

Slide 20 ???

Not sure if you need card for this slide!!!

20

Can Social Support be provided by health care professionals? (Yes / No)

No, Social Support can not be provided by
health care professionals

21

What are the 4 types of Social Support?

1. Emotional support
2. Instrumental support
3. Informational support
4. Appraisal support

22

"sharing life experiences" is which type of Social Support?

Emotional support

23

"tangible aid" is which type of Social Support?

Instrumental support

24

"advice, suggestions, and information that a person can use to address problems" is which type of Social Support?

Informational support

25

"information that is useful for self-evaluation purposes: constructive feedback, affirmation and social comparison" is which type of Social Support?

Appraisal support

26

What is Primary Appraisal?

Evaluation of the significance of a stressor or threatening event.

27

What is Secondary Appraisal?

Evaluation of the controllability of the stressor and a person’s coping resources.

28

What is Coping efforts?

Actual strategies used to mediate primary and secondary appraisals.

29

What is Emotional Regulation?

Strategies aimed at changing how one thinks or feels about a stressful situation

30

What is Problem Regulation?

Strategies aimed at changing a stressful situation