HD6 Use of lab in diagnosis of infection Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HD6 Use of lab in diagnosis of infection Deck (55)
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1

What appropriate clinic infomation when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, ________
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4) Investiagations required
5) Presenting C/O
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7) Allergies
8) Current and past treatment

biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample

2

What appropriate clinic information when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2)
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4) Investiagations required
5) Presenting C/O
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7) Allergies
8) Current and past treatment

date/time of sample and pt location

3

What appropriate clinic information when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3)
4) Investigations required
5) Presenting C/O
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7) Allergies
8) Current and past treatment

Requestor- name, consultant and contact details

4

What appropriate clinic infomation when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4)
5) Presenting C/O
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7) Allergies
8) Current and past treatment

Investiagations required

5

What appropriate clinic infomation when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4) Investiagations required
5)
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7) Allergies
8) Current and past treatment

Presenting C/O

6

What appropriate clinic infomation when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4) Investiagations required
5) Presenting C/O
6)
7) Allergies
8) Current and past treatment

Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions

7

What appropriate clinic infomation when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4) Investiagations required
5) Presenting C/O
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7)
8) Current and past treatment

Allergies

8

What appropriate clinic infomation when sending a specimen request is missing
1) if suspected, biohazard hazard sticker must be attached to both request and sample
2) date/time of sample and pt location
3) Requestor- name, consultant and contact details
4) Investiagations required
5) Presenting C/O
6) Comorbidities- long term and chronic conditions
7) Allergies

8) Current and past treatment

9

What type of specimen has a green top?
2) What tests will be carried out on it?

1) viral swabs
2) PCR

10

What type of specimen has a yellow top?
2) What tests will be carried out on it?

1) clotted blood
2) for serology

11

Who registers and processes requests and tests for sent specimens?

Health care science assistant

12

Who performs examination and testing of the specimens?

Biomedical scientists

13

Who performs validation of examination of tested specimens?

Biomedical scientists

14

What system lets you know how long it will take the specimens to be processed?

UKAS manadgement system

15

what are the 3 specimen rejection criteria?

1) minimum essential info is missing from sample/request
2) sample and request info do not match
3) sample is unlabelled and unsuitable (e.g. wrong tube type)

16

why might you use the following test :
serology?

diagnosis of HIV/ Hep B

17

why might you use the following test :
mycobacteriology?

diagnosis of TB (mycobacterium, acid fast, carbol fuchsin)

18

why might you use the following test :
mycology?

diagnosis of fungal infections e.g. aspergillosis

19

why might you use the following test :
molecular diagnosis?

diagnosis of herpes virus PCR

20

which antibiotic or antibiotics is ther following resistant to:
CPE (MDR-coliforms)

carbapenem producing resistance (carbapenem is the last line of defense)

21

What does the MDR stand for in MDR-TB

multi drug resistant TB

22

what is the name of the acinetobacter that is resistant to three classes of antimicrobial agents — all penicillins and cephalosporins (including inhibitor combinations), fluroquinolones, and aminoglycosides.

MDR-Acinetobacter

23

what does this stand for
MRSA

methicillin resistant S.aureus

24

what does this stand for:
VRE

vancomycin resistant eneterococcus

25

What are coliforms resistant to?

last line of defence antibiotics (type 4 one)

26

Which strategy to improve the effectiveness of antibiotics is missing:
1.
2. improve hospital infection control and antibiotic stewardship
3. Change incentives that encourage antibiotic oversuse and misuse to incentives that encourage antibiotic stewardship
4. Reduce and eventually phase out subtherapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture
5. educate health professionals, policy matters, and the public on suitable antibiotic use
6. ensure political commitment to meet the threat of antibiotic resistance

1. reduce the need of antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunization

27

Which strategy to improve the effectiveness of antibiotics is missing:
1. reduce the need of antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunization
2.
3. Change incentives that encourage antibiotic oversuse and misuse to incentives that encourage antibiotic stewardship
4. Reduce and eventually phase out subtherapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture
5. educate health professionals, policy matters, and the public on suitable antibiotic use
6. ensure political commitment to meet the threat of antibiotic resistance

improve hospital infection control and antibiotic stewardship

28

Which strategy to improve the effectiveness of antibiotics is missing:
1. reduce the need of antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunization
2. improve hospital infection control and antibiotic stewardship
3.
4. Reduce and eventually phase out subtherapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture
5. educate health professionals, policy matters, and the public on suitable antibiotic use
6. ensure political commitment to meet the threat of antibiotic resistance

Change incentives that encourage antibiotic oversuse and misuse to incentives that encourage antibiotic stewardship

29

Which strategy to improve the effectiveness of antibiotics is missing:
1. reduce the need of antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunization
2. improve hospital infection control and antibiotic stewardship
3. Change incentives that encourage antibiotic oversuse and misuse to incentives that encourage antibiotic stewardship
4.
5. educate health professionals, policy matters, and the public on suitable antibiotic use
6. ensure political commitment to meet the threat of antibiotic resistance

Reduce and eventually phase out subtherapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture

30

Which strategy to improve the effectiveness of antibiotics is missing:
1. reduce the need of antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunization
2. improve hospital infection control and antibiotic stewardship
3. Change incentives that encourage antibiotic oversuse and misuse to incentives that encourage antibiotic stewardship
4. Reduce and eventually phase out subtherapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture
5. educate health professionals, policy matters, and the public on suitable antibiotic use
6.

ensure political commitment to meet the threat of antibiotic resistance