Flashcards in Harber process and equilibrium, paper 1 Deck (7)
What’s the harder process word equation:
Ammonia + oxygen —> nitric acid + water
Ammonia + nitric acid —> ammonia nitrate
Ammonia + sulphuric acid —> ammonia sulphate.
The harber process symbol equation:
NH3 + O2 —> HNO3 + H2O
NH3 + HNO3 —> NH4NO3
2NH3 + H2SO4 —> 2(NH4)SO4
What factors help to shift the equilibria?
What is a dynamic equilibrium?
Where the forwards reaction is the same rate as the backwards one.
When you increase temperature
You shift the equilibrium to the ENDOTHERMIC direction.
When you increase the pressure the equilibrium:
Shits to the EXOTHERMIC direction.