Flashcards in Gut Brain Axis Deck (18)
What is the theory of embodied cognition?
The notion that the brain maintains a dynamic relationship with the rest of the body
The _______ Nervous System is estimated to have 100 million neurons which regulate function of the______ (GI) tract, and is integrated with subcortical structures in the brain
Where is most of the serotonin in our body produced?
The Microbes in your gut contribute to production of ________ ______ and _________
What affects the concentration of NT precursors and NT's produced in the gut?
Microbial species present
Food type being metabolized
It is hypothesized that the emotional or rewarding experience of ________ produced in response to the ___________ of specific food reinforces the ________ of that food, leading to future cravings
What is the GBA?
A bidirectional communication system between the brain and the digestive tract
What are some components included in the GBA?
CNS, PNS, and ENS
What is the gut Microbiome?
The entirety of the microbial community living within the digestive tract
The microbiome is shaped largely by our _________ and is different in everyone
What are the vital roles of the microbiome?
Digestion of Carbohydrates
Production of NT with regulate the ENS
What is Microbial Dysbiosis?
An impairment or imbalance of the microbiome which has been implicated in many neurological and psychiatric conditions
Changing our eating habits may cause discomfort due to the change in __________ landscape of our gut
A surgical procedure which reduces the size of the stomach
What are some of the variations of Bariatric Surgery?
Removing part of the stomach (Sleeve Gastrectomy)
Rerouting the small intestines (Gastric by pass)
What is Bariatric Surgery used to treat?
After weight loss surgery many people have altered ________ to sugary, fatty, and salty foods.