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Flashcards in Gut Brain Axis Deck (18)
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1

What is the theory of embodied cognition?

The notion that the brain maintains a dynamic relationship with the rest of the body

2

The _______ Nervous System is estimated to have 100 million neurons which regulate function of the______ (GI) tract, and is integrated with subcortical structures in the brain

Enteric
Gastrointestinal Tract

3

Where is most of the serotonin in our body produced?

The Gut

4

The Microbes in your gut contribute to production of ________ ______ and _________

Neurotransmitter Precursors
Neurotransmitters

5

What affects the concentration of NT precursors and NT's produced in the gut?

Microbial species present
Food type being metabolized

6

It is hypothesized that the emotional or rewarding experience of ________ produced in response to the ___________ of specific food reinforces the ________ of that food, leading to future cravings

Neurotransmitters
Metabolism
Consumption

7

What is the GBA?

Gut-Brain-Axis
A bidirectional communication system between the brain and the digestive tract

8

What are some components included in the GBA?

CNS, PNS, and ENS
Endocrine System
Immune System
Metabolic Pathways
Gut Microbiome

9

What is the gut Microbiome?

The entirety of the microbial community living within the digestive tract

10

The microbiome is shaped largely by our _________ and is different in everyone

Environment

11

What are the vital roles of the microbiome?

Digestion of Carbohydrates
Immune Defence
Production of NT with regulate the ENS

12

What is Microbial Dysbiosis?

An impairment or imbalance of the microbiome which has been implicated in many neurological and psychiatric conditions

13

Changing our eating habits may cause discomfort due to the change in __________ landscape of our gut

Microbial

14

A surgical procedure which reduces the size of the stomach

Bariatric Surgery

15

What are some of the variations of Bariatric Surgery?

Gastric Banding
Removing part of the stomach (Sleeve Gastrectomy)
Rerouting the small intestines (Gastric by pass)

16

What is Bariatric Surgery used to treat?

Obesity

17

After weight loss surgery many people have altered ________ to sugary, fatty, and salty foods.

Palatability

18

It is hypothesized that our food choices may be dictated in part by our __________

Microbiome