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Sophomore 2 Test 1 > Group > Flashcards

Flashcards in Group Deck (86)
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1

Membership of a group is usually formed by what 2 ways?

1. By chance = born into the a group (royalty)
2. Circumstance = a result of life-cycle events that a person may or may not have control over

2

Advantages of Groups

1. Group members learn from each other by sharing experiences
2. More than one group member can participate at a time
3. Ideal for most settings
4. Groups can also vary in purpose

3

How can groups vary in purpose?

Groups can be of a social purpose, such as a ballgame or a concert. They could also range all the way to an intensive psychotherapy group

4

Open Group

- Permits termination of members at different points and their substitution by new members
- Typical on inpatient units
- Example: stress management group that is part of an ongoing program in an inpatient group

5

Closed Group

- Members begin and end the group at the same time
- No new members can join or be admitted
- Meet weekly for a specified period
- Example: outpatient smoking cessation therapy, psychotherapy, psychoeducation groups

6

Very Small Groups

Dyads (two people) and Triads (three people)

- Can provide a richer personal experience

7

Small Groups

Usually no more than 7 members

8

Advantages of Small Groups

1. Great for complex emotional problems
2. Group becomes more cohesive
3. There is less likelihood of subgroup formation
4. Can provide a more intimate experience than larger groups

9

Disadvantages of Small Groups

Cannot easily withstand the loss of a group member

10

Large Groups

- More than 8-10 members
- Often seen in the workplace
- Effective for specific problems or issues
- Can be ongoing and open ended

11

Advantages of Larger Groups

1. Provide more learning opportunities to learn from others in the group
2. Can provide diverse life experiences, which provide an increase in problem solving

12

Disadvantages of Larger Groups

1. Can form subgroups (can make it difficult to develop cohesiveness in the group)
2. Less time to offer each member (if there are more members there is less time the group members have to speak and less time to problem solve)

13

How should chairs be arranged in group therapy?

Chairs should be arranged in a circle with no table. There should be no assigned seats.

14

Autocratic Leadership: Focus

Focus is on the leader, not the members

15

Autocratic Leadership: Task Strategy

Members are persuaded to adopt leader's ideas

16

Autocratic Leadership: Member Participation

Limited

17

Autocratic Leadership: Individual Creativity

Stifled

18

Autocratic Leadership: Member Enthusiasm and Morale

Low

19

Autocratic Leadership: Group Cohesiveness

Low

20

Autocratic Leadership: Productivity

High

21

Autocratic Leadership: Individual Motivation

Low; tend to work only when leader is present to urge them to do so

22

When is it good to have a group where there is a autocratic leader?

For new groups

23

Democratic Leadership: Focus

Members

24

Democratic Leadership: Task Strategy

Members engage in group problem solving

25

Democratic Leadership: Members Participation

Unlimited

26

Democratic Leadership: Individual Creativity

Encouraged

27

Democratic Leadership: Member Enthusiasm and Morale

High

28

Democratic Leadership: Group Cohesiveness

High

29

Democratic Leadership: Productivity

High (but not as high as autocratic)

30

Democratic Leadership: Individual Motivation

High