Flashcards in Greek definitons Deck (37)
astronomer who believed that planets revolved around the sun and that the sun was larger than the earth
astronomer who estimated the true circumference of the earth
figured out the pythagreom theorem
religion that believed you should live in harmony with the god's wills and the laws of nature
believed that god's had no interest in the humans, and that you should pursue humanly pleasures
2 famous scuptures?
Nike and Colossus of Rhodes
wanted the perfect version of the creature that they were portraying
Who fought in the Trojan War?
The people in Mycenaean and the people in the city of Troy
What were two reasons that leaving near water was beneficial to Greek culture?
-caused cultural diffusion
-helped trading and traveling
Who were Dorians?
a civilization that came after the Mycenaeans that had no written records
What were the four types of government?
aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, monarchy
Who were the three major Greek reformers?
Draco, Solon, Clesthenes
a form of government that consists of a few (usually wealthy) people that held power
A group of privileged people that held the power
Who were the "citizens" in Athenian culture?
free native adult males
What was the social pyramid/organization of government in Sparta from top to bottom?
2 kings, 5 officials, Council of Elders, Assembly
Who fought against each other in the Persian War?
Persia and Greece
Who were the 2 leaders of Persia during the Persian Wars?
Darius and Xerxes(Darius' son)
What was the battle during the Persian War that:
-a man ran all the way back to Athens to inform about the triumph, but then died afterwards
Which battle during the Persian War:
-set in a narrow passage
-Greek outnumbered by thousands
-All Spartans were killed
Who was the leader of the Greeks during the Battle of Thermopylea?
What was the battle of Salamis?
A battle in which the Greeks met with the Persians for the last time. They met in a channel and the Greeks won
What were two consequences of the Persian War?
-The greek city states were unified under the Delian League
-it launched athens into a "golden age"
Who was Pericles?
The ruler of Athens during the Golden Age, after the Persian Wars
What were Pericles 3 goals for Athens?-
-hold and strengthen the empire
-strengthen Athenian democracy
What was the Pelopennesian War?
A war between Sparta and Athens