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Flashcards in Greek definitons Deck (37)
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Aristochus

astronomer who believed that planets revolved around the sun and that the sun was larger than the earth

1

Eratosthenes

astronomer who estimated the true circumference of the earth

2

Archimedes

calculated pi

3

Pythagoras

figured out the pythagreom theorem

4

Stoicism

religion that believed you should live in harmony with the god's wills and the laws of nature

5

Epicureanism

believed that god's had no interest in the humans, and that you should pursue humanly pleasures

6

2 famous scuptures?

Nike and Colossus of Rhodes

7

Hellenistic Art?

more realistic

8

Classical Art?

wanted the perfect version of the creature that they were portraying

9

Who fought in the Trojan War?

The people in Mycenaean and the people in the city of Troy

10

What were two reasons that leaving near water was beneficial to Greek culture?

-caused cultural diffusion
-helped trading and traveling

11

Who were Dorians?

a civilization that came after the Mycenaeans that had no written records

12

Polis?

Greek city-state

13

What were the four types of government?

aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, monarchy

14

Who were the three major Greek reformers?

Draco, Solon, Clesthenes

15

oligarchy?

a form of government that consists of a few (usually wealthy) people that held power

16

Aristocracy?

A group of privileged people that held the power

17

Who were the "citizens" in Athenian culture?

free native adult males

18

What was the social pyramid/organization of government in Sparta from top to bottom?

2 kings, 5 officials, Council of Elders, Assembly

19

Who fought against each other in the Persian War?

Persia and Greece

20

Who were the 2 leaders of Persia during the Persian Wars?

Darius and Xerxes(Darius' son)

21

What was the battle during the Persian War that:
-Greeks won
-a man ran all the way back to Athens to inform about the triumph, but then died afterwards

Marathon

22

Which battle during the Persian War:
-set in a narrow passage
-Greek outnumbered by thousands
-All Spartans were killed
-Persia won

Thermopylea

23

Who was the leader of the Greeks during the Battle of Thermopylea?

Leonadis

24

What was the battle of Salamis?

A battle in which the Greeks met with the Persians for the last time. They met in a channel and the Greeks won

25

What were two consequences of the Persian War?

-The greek city states were unified under the Delian League
-it launched athens into a "golden age"

26

Who was Pericles?

The ruler of Athens during the Golden Age, after the Persian Wars

27

What were Pericles 3 goals for Athens?-

-beautify Athens
-hold and strengthen the empire
-strengthen Athenian democracy

28

What was the Pelopennesian War?

A war between Sparta and Athens

29

What caused Sparta to win the Pelopennesian War?

Pericles kept the Athenian people inside Athen's city walls, but a plague which wiped out a third of the population; then the athenians sent warriors to battle and eventually surrendered to the Spartans