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10 History of Architecture > Greek Architecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greek Architecture Deck (35)
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1

Simplest of all orders. It has no base; a fluted column and no ornaments on the capital

Doric Order

2

This is the most ornate of the classical orders; and the most slender in its proportions. The capital is shaped somewhat like a bell inverted; and is adorned with rows of acanthus leaves.

Corinthian Order

3

the name of a small moulding whose outline is a half-circle

astragal

4

A large astragal

torus

5

The name of a moulding whose outline is somewhat like the segment of an ellipse.

Echinus

6

a concave moulding whose profile is the arc of a circle or of an ellipse

cove

7

concave moulding whose outline is a cove. This moulding is generally used between two toruses at the base of the column

scotia

8

an S shaped curved surface that starts and ends horizontally

Cyma Recta

9

an inverted S shape. It starts and ends vertically

Cyma Reversa / Ogee

10

the term applied to the upper projecting part of a cornice; between the crowning moulding or cyma and the lower edge or soffit of the projection

corona

11

top part of a column made of a circle topped by a square

capital

12

The architrave is the lowest element of the entablature; and rests on top columns.

Architrave

13

A series of columns or piers spanned by arches.

Arcade

14

In the Doric Order; It is a square slab that sits on top of the column's capital and supports the architrave or arch. ThIts function is to broaden the support provided by the column.

Abacus

15

A common base used for columns in classical architecture; the Attic base is made up of an upper and lower torus; separated by a scotia with fillets.

Attic Base

16

A convex moulding; usually semi-circular.

Bead

17

A component of the cornice that has a vertical face and horizontal soffit.

Corona

18

A moulding with a double curvature or sometimes; a wave moulding. Used as the uppermost element in a cornice.

Cyma

19

A small cyma. A cyma that is used as the crown moulding of an entablature.

Cymatium

20

Tooth-like blocks used in a close repeating pattern. These are used in some Doric Order buildings in place of mutules. It also appear on the bed moulding of Ionic; Corinthian and Composite orders.

Dentils

21

Decorative moulding. Used on columns in classical architecture; It sits below the abacus and above the necking

Echinus

22

In classical architecture; the uppermost elements supported by columns. Its components include: the architrave; the frieze and the cornice.

Entabulature

23

From the word "bowed;" entasis describes the subtle curve of a column.

Entasis

24

A flat horizontal surface. In classical architecture; these are often used in multiple bands; each projecting beyond the one below.

Fascia

25

Sitting below the cornice and above the architrave; it is the central element of the entablature.

Frieze

26

One of five orders of classical architecture; it is widely used in ancient Greece and later adopted by the Romans. It is characterized by volutes in the capital.

Ionic Order

27

It is a section beneath the capital and above the astragal

Necking

28

A convex moulding; among woodworkers it is referred to as a "quarter round."

Ovolo

29

The lowest part of the base of a column or pedestal.

Plinth

30

a series of convex mouldings running parallel.

Reed