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Sociology AS Level > Glossary For Education > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary For Education Deck (118)
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91

Define institutional racism

Pattern of social institutions- such as government organisations, schools and courts of law that give negative treatment to a group of people based on their race

92

Define xenophobia

An illogical fear or even hatred for those from a different countries

93

Define nationalism

An extreme form of patriotism marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries

94

Define jingoism

Extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy

95

Define ethnocentrism

Evaluation of other cultures according to pre conceptions originating in the standards and customs of ones own culture

96

Define labelling

To attach a meaning or definition to someone

97

Define research characteristics

Particular feature that makes it easy or difficult to investigate

98

Define self fulfilling prophecy

Prediction that comes true simply by virtue of it having been made

99

Define streaming

Separating children into different ability groups

100

Define educational triage

Sorting the attention that is given to students based on their educational achievement

101

Define pupil subculture

Group of pupils who share similar values and behaviour patterns

102

Define differentiation

Process of teachers categorising pupils according to how they perceive their ability, attitudes and or behaviour

103

Define polarisation

Process in which pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of two opposite (pro/anti school)

104

Define pro-school subculture

Pupils placed in high streams tend to remain committed to the values of the schools

105

Define anti school subculture

Pupils placed in low streams tend to suffer a loss of self esteem = school has undermined their self worth

106

Define ingratiation

Being the teachers 'pet'

107

Define ritualism

Going through the motions and staying out of trouble

108

Define retreatism

Day dreaming and mucking around

109

Define rebellion

Outright rejection of everything that school stands for

110

Define habitus

'Dispositions' or learned, taken for granted ways of thinking, being and acting that are shared by a particular social class

111

Define symbolic capital

M/c habitus is recognised and used in schools, giving m/c pupils symbolic capital

112

Define symbolic violence

School devalues w/c habitus and so w/c tastes are seen as tasteless and worthless, giving w/c pupils symbolic violence

113

Define Nike identities

Symbolic violence led w/c kids to seek alternative ways of creating self worth, status, and value and done so by creating a Nike identity by their clothing

114

Define unrealistic

Education is seen to w/c pupils as 'not for us' and university is an unrealistic option

115

Define undesirable

Higher education does not 'suit' w/c lifestyles

116

Define deferred gratification

Waiting a period of time in order to achieve due to the need to work hard

117

Define instant gratification

Receiving a reward or qualification straight away

118

Define fatalistic

'Live for today' attitude