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Sociology AS Level > Glossary For Education > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary For Education Deck (118)
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61

Define technical colleges

A college of further education providing courses in a range of practical subjects

62

Define comprehensivisation

Nationalisation of comprehensive type schools

63

Define streaming

A system of grouping students in schools by ability for all subjects

64

Define privileged skill choosers

Mainly professional, m/c parents who use their economic and cultural capital to gain education for kids

65

Define disconnected local choosers

Mainly w/c parents who's choices were restricted by their lack of economic and cultural capital

66

Define semi skilled choosers

Mainly w/c, but they are ambitious for their children

67

Define economic capital

Parents could afford to move children around the education system, having the money to give to your child's education

68

Define cultural capital

Having the knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities that the m/c transmits to their children

69

Define sex-typing

The stereotypical categorisation of people due to the their gender (subject choices)

70

Define gender gap

A measurable difference between the behaviours of men and women

71

Define crisis of masculinity

Boys believing education is less important as less masculine jobs are available

72

Define feminisation of education

The increase of female teachers in primary schools, makes education appear feminine

73

Define laddish subcultures

W/c boys believing education isn't for them so they rebel against normal beliefs of succeeding (paul Willis -190s)

74

Define gender vs. Sex

Sex is biological where as gender is socially constructed

75

Define gender identity

An individuals internal perception of their gender

76

Define gender routes

2 separate routes through education where girls and boys are separated through subject choices

77

Define gender subject images

Subjects are seen to either be masculine or feminine

78

Define gender role socialisation

Society's concept of how men and women should behave- taught how to behave to suit your gender

79

Define gender domains

Parts of the education system (subjects or behaviours) that become apart of a gender group

80

Define gendered career opportunities

Certain careers are suited to either males of females

81

Define hegemony

The authority, dominance and influence of one group, nation or society over another group

82

Define heteronormativity

Beliefs that people fall into distinct and complementary genders with roles in life

83

Define surveillance

The act of observing an individual or group

84

Define subordinate

An individual or group that rank lower in a position

85

Define race

Category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that are obvious and considered important

86

Define ethnicity

Refers to cultural factors, including nationality, regional culture, ancestry and language

87

Define multi-culturalism

The preservation of different cultures or cultural identities within a unified society as a state or nation

88

Define racism

A set of attitudes, beliefs and practices that are used to justify the belief that one racial category somehow superior or inferior to others

89

Define prejudice

A feeling or opinion formed without knowledge, reason, or thought that prevents objective consideration of a person, group or thing

90

Define discrimination

The unequal treatment of a person or group in the basis of their status