Flashcards in Glossary Deck (67)
____ refers to the potential for individuals to independently exercise choice and influence over their social world and in their daily lives.
____ ____ is the set of commonly shared ideas that are drawn on in everyday life to explain events in the world. It tends to rely on forms of explanation that are individualising and naturalising
____ are abstract ideas that refer to the general properties of chosen aspects of social life.
____ refers to the beliefs values and customs that are shared by a particular group of people within society.
____ refers to the increasing interdependence between societies on a worldwide basis.
____ are propositions put forward for empirical testing.
____ refers to the distinctive characteristics of persons or groups.
____ refers to the patterned differences in power over resources and decision-making that exist in all societies These differences may include economic resources such as land or money, access to weapons or organisational power, or cultural resources like knowledge.
____ ____ refers to a form of structural power relations organised through the economic system and state.
_____ is the process by which all aspects of human action become subject to calculation measurement and control
____ is a process whereby individuals internalise messages about how the body should be regulated and managed.
____ ____ are the expectations and attributes associated with social positions.
____ ____ refers to the relative position of a person on a publicly recognised scale of social worth.
_____ ____ refers to enduring, orderly and patterned relationships that organise social life.
The ____ ____ was a concept first coined by C. Wright Mills in 1959. More recently Evan Willis (1999) has elaborated on the concept arguing that understanding any social phenomenon involves considering four key dimensions: the historical, the cultural, the structural and the critical.
_____ is the systematic critical study of the structure of social relations.
_____ are bodies of ideas that attempt to explain in a general way why things happen as they do.
____ ____ is a position which assumes that biological features of the body determine the way that gender and sexuality is experienced and expressed.
____ ____ is a form of essentialism which focuses on the biology as the central truth about gender or sexuality.
____ arguments do not take account of human agency in the shaping of gender or sexuality.
____ arguments attempt to explain the properties of complex features of social life by reference to a supposed inner truth or essence.
____ refers to the social categories of men and women.
_____ ____ is the process by which new born infants are assigned a gender (boy or girl) on the basis of (usually) visible biological characteristics. This of assignment undertaken where the primary sexual process is even characteristics are mixed.
____ ____ is the womplishment by indviduals of a particular gender that they have been assigned or in the case of transsexuals have taken up
____ ____ is the assumption that all women or all men will share the same experiences or characteristics with all other women or men.
_____ ____ refers to the masculine or feminine sense of self that individuals develop in line with their gender assignment.
____ ____ refers to the specific behaviours and activities that are associated With each gender.
____ ____ is the process through which individuals learn to take up the role and identity deemed appropriate for their gender.
____ refers to the assumption that heterosexuality is the most normal form of sexual expression. Some theorists argue that it is a fundamental structuring feature of society.