General Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in General Anatomy and Physiology Deck (58)
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1

how much blood does the human body contain?

8-10 pints

2

what is a nutritive fluid flowing through the circulatory system?

blood

3

what are platelets?

blood components that contribute to the blood-clotting process

4

what is another term for white blood cells?

leukocytes

5

what is the study of tiny structures found in living tissues?

histology

6

what is one reason estheticians should study body systems, organs, and tissues?

to understand the effect services have on the body

7

what is protoplasm?

substance of which all cells and living things are composed

8

what is the process of cell reproduction called?

mitosis

9

what is the sternum?

flat bone that firms the ventral support if the ribs

10

what is the true origin part of the muscle?

it is attached to the skeleton

11

what part of the hand is supplied by the radial nerve and its branches?

back

12

what is the fluid part if the blood and lymph that carried food and secretions to the cells and carbon dioxide from the cells?

plasma

13

what structures are composed of specialized tissues and performing specific functions?

organs

14

why does the parathyroid gland regulate blood calcium and phosphorous levels?

so the nervous and muscular system can function properly

15

what is the pituitary gland?

it is the most complex organ of the endocrine system

16

what organ in the endocrine system secretes enzyme-producing cells tat are responsible for digesting carbs, proteins, and fats?

pancreas

17

what are the secretions that the endocrine glands release directly into the bloodstream and that influence the welfare of the entire body?

hormones

18

what is the primary function of the respiratory system?

breathing

19

what is the primary function of the lymphatic/immune system?

protecting the body from disease

20

what is the primary function of the skeletal system

providing the physical foundation of the body

21

what is osteology?

study of the bones

22

what is a term that means bone and is used as a prefix in many medical terms?

os-

23

what is the primary function of the circulatory system?

moving blood through the body

24

what is covered, shaped, and supported by the muscular system?

skeletal tissue

25

what body system is responsible for changing foods into nutrients?

digestive

26

what is the primary function of the excretory system?

purifying the body by the elimination of waste matter

27

what is the primary function of the reproductive system?

perpetuating the human race

28

what is the body system that controls and coordinates all other body systems?

nervous

29

what is a connection between two or more bones of the skeleton?

joint

30

what body system serves as a protective covering for the body?

integumentary