Flashcards in Gender and Society Deck (8)
Men and women are not equal
found in Plato, Aristotle, Augustine and Aquinas. Women perceived as weaker, less rational, more compassionate yet inferior to men
The essentialist view
there are distinctive feminine and masculine features that are intrinsic. Women and men are equal but different.
The existential view
gender characteristics due to socialisation not innate masculine or feminine features. Simone de Beauvoir argues that women are born without gender, so one, 'becomes a woman' through conscious choices
women are superior to men
Mary Daly argues that women 's abilities and knowledge are superior; a society governed by women would be more peaceful and better for the environment
woman was created second and from Adams rib, was tempted first and led Adam astray
'desire for your husband and he shall rule over you'
'wives be subject to your husbands' - sees the husband as the head of the household and his wife should submit to his authority