Gait Terminology (9/11c Lab) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gait Terminology (9/11c Lab) Deck (17)
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1

Gait cycle (gait)

the fundamental unit of walking

time from heel strike to when the same foot makes contact with the ground again

2

Stride length (gait)

distance between two successive heel contacts of the same foot

3

Step length (gait)

distance between two successive heel contacts of two different feet

4

Foot angle (gait)

amount of "toe out"

angle between line of body progression and long axis of foot

avg is 5-7 degrees

5

Cadence (gait)

number of steps per minute

6

Stride time (gait)

time for a full gait cycle

7

Step time (gait)

time for completion of a right or left step

8

Walking speed (gait)

the time it takes to cover an amount of distance by walking

9

Stance phase (gait)

phase of gait cycle from right heel strike to right toe off

10

Swing phase (gait)

phase of gait cycle from right toe off to next right heel strike

11

Heel contact (gait)

the instant the heel comes in contact with the ground

0% of gait cycle

12

Foot flat (gait)

the instant the entire plantar surface of the foot is in contact with the ground

8% of gait cycle

13

Mid stance (gait)

the point when the body's weight passes directly over the supporting lower extremity

30% of gait cycle

14

Heel off (gait)

the instant the heel comes off the ground

30-40% of gait cycle

15

Toe off (gait)

the instant the toes come off the ground

60% of gait cycle

16

Double limb support (gait)

when both feet are in contact with the ground simultaneously

at two periods in a gait cycle

17

Single limb support (gait)

when only one foot is on the ground

at two periods in a gait cycle