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SOB: Identify the two fundamental elements of command.

Authority and responsibility


SOB: Identify the principle of unity of command

Unity of command means all forces operate under a single commander with the requisite authority to direct all forces employed in pursuit of a common purpose


SOB: Describe the authority of Joint Force Commander (JFC) staffs

The staff is an extension of the commander its sole function is command support, and its authority is delegated to it by the commander. “Staff channel” is the term used to describe the channel by which commanders interact with staffs and staffs interact with each other. These staff-to-staff contacts are for coordination and cooperation only. Higher Headquarters (HHQ) staff officers exercise no independent authority over subordinate HQ staffs.


SOB: Define the four command relationship levels of authority (COCOM, OPCON, TACON, and Support).

- Combatant Command (COCOM): COCOM is the command authority over assigned forces vested only in Combatant Commanders (CCDR) by Title 10, USC or as directed by the President in the Unified Command Plan (UCP) (See Note 1) and cannot be delegated or transferred- OPCON is a transferable command authority, inherent in COCOM, to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations and joint training necessary to accomplish the mission- TACON is a transferable command authority, inherent in OPCON, over assigned or attached forces or commands, or military capability or forces made available for tasking. The authority is limited to the detailed direction and control of movements or maneuvers within the Operational Area (OA) necessary to accomplish assigned missions or tasks- Support is a command authority established by a superior commander between subordinate commanders when one organization should aid, protect, complement, or sustain another force


SOB: Define the additional levels of authority (ADCON, Coordinating authority, DIRLAUTH).

- ADCON is the direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations with respect to administration and support including organization of Service forces, control of resources and equipment, personnel management, unit logistics, individual and unit training, readiness, mobilization, demobilization, discipline, and other matters not included in the operational missions of the subordinate or other organizations- Coordinating Authority: Authority delegated to a commander or individual for coordinating specific functions and activities involving forces of two or more Services, two or more joint force components, or two or more forces of the same Service. Can compel consultation, but not agreement- DIRLAUTH is that authority granted by a commander (at any level) to a subordinate to directly consult or coordinate an action with a command or agency within or outside the granting command. It is more applicable to planning than operations, and always carries with it the requirement of keeping the granting commander informed


SOB: Identify the levels of authority normally exercised by the COMAFFOR.

Normally, the COMAFFOR function executes OPCON and ADCON of assigned and attached Air Force Forces (AFFOR) through the Service A-staff. The JFACC function executes TACON over military forces made available for tasking from the JFC through a Joint Air Operations Center (JAOC).If the COMAFFOR is also designated as the JFACC, then as JFACC will exercise TACON over all assigned and attached AFFOR (inherent in OPCON), and will also exercise TACON over all forces or military capabilities made available to the JFC, delegated to the JFACC for tasking


SOB: Identify the level of authority normally exercised by a JFACC.

normally TACON


SOB: Identify the characteristics of the standard echelons of Army tactical organizations

Corps: A corps normally command and controls from 2-5 divisions and may be organized with divisions of any type and combination the theater and the mission require.The corps possesses the organic capability to synchronize these activities across all of the battlefield functional areas. Primary HQ for joint ops… Divisions are the primary war fighting tactical HQ and standard combined arms organizations that commanders may tailor according to mission, enemy, troops, time available, terrain and civil considerations (METT-TC) conditions (3+ BDEs)Brigade Combat Teams (BCT): The army is transitioning to a brigade based force to improve its ability to conduct combined arms operations. BCTs are the Army’s primary tactical organizations. (3-5K Soldiers)Modular Support Brigades: Five types of modular support brigades complement the BCTs: battlefield surveillance brigade, fires brigade, Combat Aviation Brigade (CAB), maneuver enhancement brigade, and sustainment brigade. These brigades provide multifunctional capabilities to deployed forces


SOB: Identify the three standardized designs of Army Brigade Combat Teams (BCT).

(a) The heavy BCT is a balanced combined arms unit that executes operations with shock and speed. Their main battle tanks, self-propelled artillery, and fighting vehicle-mounted infantry provide tremendous striking power. Heavy BCTs require significant strategic air and sealift to deploy and sustain.(b) The infantry BCT requires less strategic lift than other BCTs. The infantry soldier is the centerpiece of the infantry BCT. Organic antitank, military intelligence, artillery, signal, engineer, reconnaissance, and sustainment elements allow the infantry BCT commander to employ the force in combined arms formations. Infantry BCTs work best for operations in close terrain and densely populated areas. They are easier to sustain than the other BCTs. Selected infantry BCTs include special-purpose capabilities for airborne or air assault operations.(c) The Stryker BCT balances combined arms capabilities with significant strategic and intra-theater mobility. Designed around the Stryker wheeled armored combat system in several variants, the Stryker BCT has considerable operational reach. It is more deployable than the heavy BCT and has greater tactical mobility, protection, and firepower than the infantry BCT. Stryker BCTs have excellent dismounted capability. The Stryker BCT includes military intelligence, signal, engineer, antitank, artillery, reconnaissance, and sustainment elements. This design lets Stryker BCTs commit combined arms elements down to company level in urban and other complex terrain against a wide range of opponents.


SOB: Identify the six fundamental and enduring roles of the US Navy

Powerful forward presence; Strategic Deterrence; Power Projection; Sea Control and Maritime Supremacy; Strategic Sealift; Humanitarian Assistance


SOB: Identify the basic “building blocks” of forward deployed naval war fighting groups.

CSGs, with versatile, multipurpose CAWs, Surface Combatants, and Submarines; and Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESG), with special operations capable Marine Expeditionary Units (MEU-SOC). The theater commander values these highly flexible naval formations because they provide the necessary capabilities forward


SOB: Identify the mission capabilities of carrier-based naval aircraft.

Strike-fighter, C2, reconnaissance, surveillance, electronic combat/Suppression of Enemy Air Defense (SEAD), anti-submarine, tanker, and Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) capabilities


SOB: Identify the doctrinal cornerstone of Carrier Strike Group (CSG) Command and Control (C2).

The Navy employs the CWC concept as the doctrinal cornerstone of its operational and tactical C2 system, integrating aircraft, ships, submarines, and land based forces


SOB: Identify the basic precept of the Composite Warfare Commander (CWC) concept.

Centralized command and decentralized execution


SOB: Identify the four basic elements of the MAGTF.

Command Element (CE), Ground Combat Element (GCE), Aviation Combat Element (ACE), Logistics Combat Element (LCE)


SOB: Identify the three MAGTFs in order of combat power.

MEF, MEB, MEU, Special Purpose


SOB: Identify the MAGTF deployment options that can forcibly enter onto hostile shores.

Amphibious Forces


SOB: Identify the MAGTF deployment option(s) that require a non-hostile environment.

Alert Contingency Forces (ACF) and Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF)


SOB: Identify the basic war fighting unit of the Air Force.



SOB: Identify the Air Force expeditionary organization presented to a JFC.



SOB: List the three parts of an Air Expeditionary Task Force (AETF) command element.

COMAFFOR, an A-staff, and an AOC


SOB: Identify the primary USSOCOM Special Operations Forces (SOF) components.



SOB: Identify the organization which is the primary mechanism by which a Geographic Combatant Commander (GCC) exercises Command and Control (C2) over SOF in theater, and which is capable of performing broad continuous missions uniquely suited to SOF capabilities.



SOB: Identify the three principal roles of a Theater Special Operations Command (TSOC) Commander

Joint Force Commander (JFC), Theater SO Adviser; JFSOCC


SOB: Identify the organization formed to plan and execute specific Special Operations (SO), or prosecute SO in support of a theater campaign or other operations.



SOB: Identify the SO Liaisons that integrate SOF with joint operations.

Special Operations Liaison Element (SOLE) and the Special Operations Command and Control Element (SOCCE)


SOB: Identify the responsibilities of the Air Operations Center (AOC).

Air operations planning and execution focal point for the Air Force Forces (AFFOR), where centralized planning, direction, control, coordination and assessment of air operations occur


SOB: Identify the primary functions of the Contingency Response Element (CRE).

Mobile C2 force responsible for providing continuous onsite air mobility operations management. It is a temporary organization commanded by a commissioned officer that deploys to provide air mobility mission support when C2, mission reporting, and/or other support functions at the destination do not meet operational requirements. In addition to providing Command, Control, and Communications (C3) capability, this element provides aerial port, logistics, maintenance, force protection, weather, medical, and intelligence services, as necessary


SOB: Identify the responsibilities of the Control and Reporting Center (CRC).

A ground-based mobile radar element of the TACS responsible for the decentralized execution of air defense and airspace management


SOB: Identify the responsibilities of the Air Support Operations Center (ASOC)

Principal AF C2 node for integrating air power into Army land operations. As a direct subordinate element of the Joint Air Operations Center (JAOC), the ASOC is responsible for the direction and control of air operations directly supporting the Army land operation