Functionalism Flashcards Preview

A2 Sociology - Crime, Deviance, Social Order And Control > Functionalism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Functionalism Deck (27)
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1

What did Durkheim say crime was

Positive for society

2

Why 3 reasons was there why Durkheim said that crime was beneficial for society

Generate social change
Clarify acceptable behavioural boundaries
Create social integration

3

Social integration

Bonding society against its criminals

4

Why is crime dysfunctional

It also acts as a threat to society

5

Why is crime a threat

They fall into a state of anomie and the norms and values that untie society become challenged

6

What three things are challenged becomes of anomie

Consensus
Social order
Stability

7

Anomie

Normlessness

8

When does society fall into a state of anomie

During times of rapid social change where people become unaware of the norms and value

9

Is there social order and stability within modern societies

Yes because societies institutions have implemented social control

10

How is social control achieved

Socialising individuals into socially agreed norms and values and by integrating individuals into social groups

11

Examples of social control

Religion binds people together
Weddings
Funerals
School
Community centres

12

What did parsons say

Sickness can be seen as deviant as it de stabilises society

13

What did parsons say about the sick role

Medical professions perform important social controls and thus restricts access to the sick role

14

Strengths of Durkheim

Research has generated subsequent influence

15

Weakness of Durkheim

Not clear when the right amount of the crime becomes too much
Idea that crime is beneficial is questionable
Fails to explain why people commit crime and why others don't

16

Robert Merton theory

Strain theory

17

Strain theory

The strain between the goals set by society and the legitimate law abiding means of achieving that goal

18

What did Merton say about capitalist societies

They suffer from anomie

19

What are the 5 different responses from Merton in relation to anomie

Conformity
Innovation
Ritualism
Retreatism
Rebellion

20

Conformity

Pursuing goals through approved means

21

Innovation

Using socially approved means to achieve goals

22

Ritualism

Using the same socially approved means to achieve a less elusive goal

23

Retreatism

Rejecting both cultural goals and ways to obtain it finding a way to escape

24

Rebellion

Rejecting cultural goals and means then work to replace them

25

What was Mertons most significant response

Innovation

26

Why was innovation the most significant response

This concept explained the material crimes amongst working class

27

Weakness of Merton

Does not explain where the goals and means have come from or whose pursue they serve