Functional Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Yoga Medicine > Functional Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Functional Anatomy Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

What poses are considered weight bearing?

Standing and standing balancing poses

2

What effect does weight bearing have on the bones?

Increases bone density

3

How does weight bearing effect bone density?

Weight and gravity place pressure on the bones which draws calcium from the blood stream and deposits it in the bones.

4

What is the Musculoskeletal System comprised of?

Bones
Muscles
Joints
Ligaments
Tendons

5

What are the three types of joint?

Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Sinovial

6

What do joints connect?

Bone to bone

7

What is a fibrous joint?

"fixed" or "immoveable" joints, connected by fibrous connective tissue e.g. the skull

8

What is a Cartilaginous joint?

Bones are connected by cartilage. Eg. intervertebral discs

9

What is Cartilage?

Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in many
areas of the body

10

What is a Synovial joint?

Bones are not directly joined, instead have a synovial cavity containing lubricating synovial fluid eg. knees and hips

11

What is synovial fluid?

Synovial fluid is a viscous, yolk-like fluid found in the cavities of synovial joints with its yolk-like
consistency

12

What is the role of Synovial fluid?

Lubricate and nourish the joints
Increase shock absorption
Reduces friction between the articular cartilage of synovial joints during movement
Transports nutrients and waste

13

What factors effect bone health?

Degenerative disorders eg. Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis
Bone spurs, tumors and cancer
Drugs
Cancer treatments eg. Radiation
Autoimmune and Genetic Disorders
Lifestyle factors eg. Exercise and nutrition
Viral Diseases

14

Name a degenerative disorder that effects bone health

Osteoarthritis
Osteoporosis

15

Name a lifestyle factor that effects bone health

Poor nutrition
Lack of exercise
Smoking