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Flashcards in French Revolution Deck (75)
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1

What country was the center of the enlightenment

France

2

Name and de strive the 3 estates

1 estate : church officials 1%
2nd: nobility 2%
3rd estate: everyone else 97%

3

Third estate into three groups

Burgoise - merchants

4

Why were 1st and 2nd opposed to the ideas of the enlightenment

They didn’t want to change

5

Four factors

1- inequalities of society
2-enlightenment ideas of change
3- American revolution
4- corruptions of the French kings

6

Two reasons why the queen was unpopular

She spent a lot of money
She was foreign
“Madame deficit”

7

2 causes of France financial crisis in 1789

1. Constant wars for the past 100 years
2. Extravagant spending of the monarchy

8

What solution was proposed to the kind by his advisors

Tax the first 2 estates

9

What was estates general

Representatives assembly of 3 estates. Kings were absolute monarchy

10

What was the tennis court oath

To not leave until they wrote a constitution

11

French Revolution began with the storming of...

Bastille

12

Describe the great fear

Rumors that the king hired foreigners to punish to punish the 3rd estate. Peasants burned & destroyed nobles

13

What document patterned after American declaration

Declaration of the rights of monarchy and citizens

14

Three words became the slogan of the French Revolution

Liberty , equality, fraternity

15

Describe the difference between absolute and constitutional monarchy

Absolute - no rights
Constitutional- rights for people

16

Three general groups that made yo the legislative assembly

Royalist- absolute monarchy
Girondists- constitutional monarchy
Jacobins- republic

17

Why did Austria and Prussia declare war on France 1792

Feared the revolutionary ideas would spread to their country

18

What was the turning point of the French Revolution

Kings and queen try to leave the country

19

Who were jacobins and leader

Radicals.
Maximilian Robespierre

20

Ultimate fate of king and queen

They were executed by the “madam la guillotine”

21

What form of execution

Gillotine

22

During the period known as..,.. thousands of French were executed

Reign of terror

23

What were two goals of this period during the revolution

1. An attempt to purge the country
2. An attempt to stamp out religion

24

What happened to French churches

All closed , power , wealth, and land were taken away

25

How did napoleon come to power in France

He overthrows government with a coup

26

Why was the dictorial Napoleon beloved by most of French ppl

Order, stability and economic success

27

Why were Napoleons armies welcomed as liberators

Because they thought they would overthrow their kings. Because he became worse of a dictator

28

What message was Napoleon giving the Pope

I’m more powerful than you

29

What event caused Napoleon to give up his western empire dream

Successful slave uprising

30

Why did Napoleon sell the Louisiana purchase to USA

It needed money for wars in Europe