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Flashcards in France - Champagne Deck (123)
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1

Special metal crate holding many dozen inverted bottles of traditional method sparkling wine which is actually the mechanized form of riddling.

Gyropalette or Girasol

2

First vintage of Krug Clos d' Ambonnay.

1995

3

What is the minimum atm pressure that a bottle of Champagne must achieve?

5,5 atm

4

What is muselet?

The wire cage that holds the Champagne cork to the bottle

5

How many communes (villages) produce Champagne?

357

6

What are the two still appellations of Champagne?

Rose de Riceys
Coteaux Champenois

7

Name of the traditional press in Champagne.

Coquard

8

What contribution did Kinelm Digby contribute to Champagne's advancement?

Introduced the modern wine bottle from England, coal-fired ovens that produced glass stronger and superior to the French glass of the time

9

What contribution did Dom Perignon contribute to Champagne's advancement?

Introduced the Pressoir Coquard (Coquard Press), he was also the first to make white wine from red grapes, and first to realize that blending across several lots created a more balanced and complex final wine

10

What contribution did Louis XV contribute to Champagne's advancement?

Removed the restrictions on transporting wine in bottles that had previously held back Champagne sales and this moment marked the beginning of the modern Champagne trade

11

What contribution did Antoine Müller contribute to Champagne's advancement? Where did he work at the time?

Discovered the process of remuage or riddling to remove unwanted yeast deposit in the bottle following secondary alcoholic fermentation

Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin

12

What contribution did Jean-Baptiste François contribute to Champagne's advancement?

He invented the sucre-oenomètre (wine-sugar meter) allowing Champagne makers to more accurately add the right amount of sugar to the wine to make its sparkle, with less risk of the bottle exploding because of too much pressure

13

What contribution did Louis Pasteur contribute to Champagne's advancement?

His work elucidated the truth behind fermentation and the relationship between sugar and yeast during this process

14

What contribution did Madame Pommery contribute to Champagne's advancement?

Introduced the first widely successful brut style Champagne

15

What contribution did Robert-Jean de Vogüé contribute to Champagne's advancement?

Established the CIVC, a broad consortium of growers, producers, and shippers representing Champagne and protecting the region's interests in the face of Nazi occupation (1941)

16

Traditional press of Champagne and how many l/kg can it hold?

Coquard basket press

2,550L / 4,000kg

17

Which Champagne Grands Crus were added after the revision in 1985?

Verzy
Chouilly
Oiry
Oger
Le Mesnil-sur-Oger

18

Jacques Selosse prestige cuvee.

Substance (100% Chardonnay)

19

Which producer makes a Champagne from 100% Petit Meslier grape at a limited production named Precious Parcel Petit Meslier?

Duval-Leroy

20

What is pupitre?

French name for a hand riddling rack, traditionally used for riddling sparkling wines by hand

21

Each action the Champagne press going down on the grapes is called...

Serre

22

What is the name of the newest type of press in Champagne?

PAI (Pressoir automatique a plateau incline)

23

How many liters is the vin de cuvee and the taille?

2050 lt / 500 lt

24

What is the name of the further pressings beyond the vin de taille that are not allowed to be used for wine?

Rebeche

25

Name a Champagne that is produced from a perpetual cuvee.

Bereche et fils Reflet d'Antan
Billiot Fils Cuvee Laetitia
Laherte Freres Les 7
Pierre Peters Cuvee Reserve
De Sousa Cuvee des Caudalies

26

How many grams of sugar create 1 atmosphere of pressure?

4 gr

27

Name the controversial alternative of liqueur d'expedition.

MCR (Mout concentre et rectifie)

28

Which Champagne is considered to be the first Prestige Cuvee of all?

Dom Perignon 1921 of Moet Chandon was released in 1936

29

What percent of total plantings does Chardonnay has in Cote des Blancs?

98%

30

How many acres are approved for Rose de Riceys?

865 acres