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Year 1 Medicine Newcastle > Foundation 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foundation 2 Deck (208)
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1

What is the anatomical position

Head, gaze and toes directed forward
Arms adjacent to the sides with palms facing forward
Lower limbs close together with feet parallel

2

What is the medial plane

The vertical plane that passes directly through the body dividing it into left and right halves

3

What are sagittal planes

Vertical planes that pass through the body parallel to the medial plane

4

What are frontal planes

Planes that are vertical and split the body into anterior and posterior, right angle to the medial plane

5

What are transverse planes

Horizontal planes that pass through the body at right angles to the median and frontal planes

6

What does rostral mean

This is often used instead of anterior when describing the brain

7

What does medial mean

The location closer to the medial plane

8

What does lateral mean

This refers to something further away from the medial plane

9

What does superficial, intermediate and deep refer to

The position of body parts when they are underlying or overlying structures

10

What are bilateral structures

These are paired structures that have right and left members

11

What are contralateral structures

Structures found on opposite sides of the body

12

What is flexion

The bending or decreasing of the angle between the bones or parts of the body

13

What is extension

Increasing the angle between a bone or part of the body

14

What is dorsiflexion

Flexion at the ankle join

15

What is plantarflexion

This is extension of the ankle joint such as standing on your toes

16

What is abduction

Moving away from the medial plane such as spreading your fingers away from the middle digit

17

What is pronation of the forearm

Rotation of the arm so the palm faces posteriorly and the dorsum faces anteriorly

18

What is inversion of the sole of the foot

Moving it inwards towards the medial plane

19

What is elevation

The raising of parts superiorly such as shrugging

20

What is depression

The lowering of parts inferiorly

21

What is the thoracic plane

The plane at T4/5

22

Where is the subcostal plane

At T12 the 12th vertebrae just below the ribs

23

How many cervical levels are there

7

24

How many thoracic levels are there

12

25

How many lumbar levels are there

5

26

How many sacral levels are there

5

27

What is the sympathetic nervous system

This is involved in fight or flight

28

What is the parasympathetic nervous system

Rest and Digest

29

Where is the origin of the parasympathetic nervous system

Cranio-sacral origin with cranial from the brain stem

30

What is the make up of the sympathetic nervous system

It's a thoraco-lumbar make up