Forensic Psych Test #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Forensic Psych Test #3 Deck (56)
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31

The role of a forensic psychologist when working with child trauma victims

-Evaluation of the child
-Assessment of competency to testify
-Preparation of the child to testify
-Expert witness testimony
-Research

32

Statement validity assessment

a comprehensive procedure to determine if a child made truthful or false statements during the interview

33

Tips to conduct a good interview with a child to determine if child abuse occured

-Use language the child can understand
-Carefully document (verbatim) or videotape the interview
-Use general open ended questions and ask the child to elaborate when necessary

34

Research on the accuracy of recovered memories

-Insufficient consensus in the scientific community for its use
-The costs of using it outweighs the benefits

35

Research on the use of anatomically correct dolls in child abuse investigations

-Introduced in the 1970s and endorsed by the APA
-Belief that children will reveal aspects of abuse that they wouldn't verbally and the assumption that sexually abused children will engage in inappropriate sexual behavior when playing with the dolls
-Research is mixed
-Non standardized procedures and dolls are often used

36

When do children develop the ability to know the difference between a lie and the truth

~3 years of age

37

Social framework testimony

-Uses general conclusions from social science research in determining factual issues in a specific case - provides a context for jurors to evaluate the evidence - educates the jurors - clears up misconceptions

38

What factors may determine how a child might react to trauma

-A function of:
-The characteristics of the event
-Child's temperament
-Child's coping ability
-Attachment status
-Family functioning
-Emotional resources
-Response of others to victim

39

Profiling

-A broad, hard to pin down term that covers a variety of procedures and operating assumptions
-The way a person thinks often directs the person's behavior

40

Three approaches to profiling

-Understanding the behavior and motivations of those who play a role in important events (word leaders/dictators)
-Determining common characteristics in those who commit similar crimes
-Extracting specific characteristics from a crime scene to create a profile of the criminal or to determine if the pattern of behaviors resemble patterns from other cases

41

Psychological autopsy

-An investigative method used by psychologists to help determine the mode of death
-Determine if death was an accident, homicide, suicide etc.

42

Equivocal death analysis

The procedures used by the FBI to determine cause of death (suuuuper secret)

43

Crime scene analysis

-A profile of the dynamics of the crime scene (the MO and signature of the perpetrator)
-Helps profilers with their formulation of the case
-Provides a collection of leads

44

Linkage analysis

-Often used to determine if two crimes were committed by the same person
-Look for consistencies in crime scenes

45

How is hypnosis used in forensic cases

-Can be used to elicit confessions from defendants
-Help victims and witnesses remember more details of the crime

46

Modus Operandi (MO)

How a criminal commits a particular crime
-May change over time to lower the risk of getting caught

47

Signature

-A usually enduring trait (what he does to each victim, in what order)
-Reflects unique personal aspects of the criminal act
-The individual's reason for committing the crime

48

Spree killer

-Killings at two or more locations with no emotional cooling off period between killings

49

Serial killer

-3 or more separate events with a cooling off period between killings

50

Mass murderer

-More than three victims in one location and within one event

51

Organized killer

-Plans murder (brings weapon)
-Targets victim
-Usually leaves very little evidence
-May act out violent or sexual fantasies with victim that includes dismemberment or torture with live victim

52

Disorganized killer

-Uses less planning
-Obtains victims by chance
-Haphazard behavior during crime
-Performs sex acts with dead victims
-Not likely to use a vehicle to escape

53

Reasons a person needs to be competent to be executed

-Absence of retribution value
-An inability of the inmate to prepare for death in coming to terms with conscience or deity
-The experience of fear and pain without understanding
-The diminished dignity of society

54

Assumptions behind polygraph use

-Changes in physiological reactions in response to incriminating questions are indications that the examinee is lying

55

Control question technique

-Ask relevant and control questions (about past behavior) - the relevant questions should produce more arousal than the control questions in a guilty person

56

Relevant-irrelevant test

The irrelevant questions are innocuous (are you sitting down?)
-Not used much anymore