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Flashcards in Food Science Deck (26)
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1

These are types of humectants

glycerin
sorbitol

2

What do humectants do

retain moisture

3

what are examples of anti-caking agents (chemical compounds)

calcium silicate
iron ammonium citrate
silicon dioxide

4

what do anti-caking agents do

prevent moisture absorption

5

what are examples of anti-caking agents used in the kitchen

salt
baking powder
confectioner's sugar

6

what types of foods can you find humectants used in

shredded coconut
masrshmallows
soft candies

7

what are examples of leavening agents

baking soda
monocalcium phosphate
calcium carbonate

8

what are examples of stabilizers/thickeners/binders

gelatin
pectin
guar gum
carrageenan
xanthan gum
whey

9

what are examples of emulsifiers

soy lecithin
monoglycerides
diglycerides
egg yolks
polysorbates
sorbitan monostearate

10

examples of fat replacers

olestra
cellulose gel
carrageenan
polydextrose
guar gum
xanthan gum

11

examples of flavor enhancers

MSG
soy protein
inosinate

12

examples of preservatives

ascorbic acid
citric acid
Na benzoate
Ca propionate
Na nitrite
Ca sorbate

13

what are emulsifiers used for

salad dressings
peanut butter
chocolate
margarine

14

what is a food infection

illness from ingesting a food containing large numbers of bacteria

15

what is a food intoxication

illness resulting from ingestion of food containing a toxin

16

what is a toxin-mediated infection

a foodborne illness where bacteria creates toxins inside the intestine

17

what foods cause listeria monocytogenes

raw milk
cheese
vegetables

18

what are the main symptoms of listeria monocytogenes

meningoencephalitis
stillbirths
septicemia

19

what is the latency period for listeria monocytogenes

3-70 days

20

what is the latency period for salmonella

2-7 days

21

what are the main symptoms of salmonella

diarrhea
abdominal pain
chills
fever
vomiting

22

what are the foods that cause salmonella

undercooked eggs
raw milk
meat
poultry

23

what is the latency period of shigella

4-7 days

24

what are the main symptoms of shigella

diarrhea
fever
nausea
vomiting
cramping

25

what foods cause shigella

raw foods

26

what is the latency period of streptococcus

1-3 days