Flashcards in Food Insecurity in the World Deck (47)
What was the goal in 1996 at the World Food Summit? What was the target? What was it actually?
- Decrease undernourishment by half the NUMBER by 2015
- Target: 500 million
- Actual Number: 700 million
Which regions reached their target according to SOFI (2015)? Which didn't?
- Africa: the number of undernourishment increased
- Latin America: target reached and surpassed
What does a green dot or a red dot mean in SOFI?
- Green dot: target achieved
- Red dot: country is far from achieving their goal
How does Africa compare to the Asian Pacific in terms of undernourishment?
- Africa has a lower number of undernourishment
- But, Asia has a lower percentage (larger population size)
What is the region with the highest number of undernourished people in the world?
What is the region with the highest percentage of undernourished people in the world?
Give examples of countries with "red dots" in SOFI 2015.
- Middle Africa
How has China modulated their numbers of undernourishment?
Decreased of over 50% in the prevalence of undernourishment
How has India modulated their numbers of undernourishment?
- Yellow dot
- Slight reduction of undernourishment (7%)
- Reduced their prevalence of undernourishment
How has Iraq modulated their numbers of undernourishment?
- Increase from 1.4 to 8.1 (almost 500% increase)
- Prevalence moved from 8% to 23%
What caused the uprise in undernourishment in Iraq?
Political conflicts, affecting their stability
How has Guatemala modulated their numbers of undernourishment?
- Increase in the number of undernourished people
- Despite the war ending
- Thus, stability is ESSENTIAL
- They still live in unstable political conditions (very corrupt)
Which agencies helped publish the state of food security and nutrition in the world?
How did the state of food insecurity in the world change from 2015 to 2016?
777 million to 815 million
According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, what factor seemed to play a role in the increase in food insecurity?
- The number of conflicts on the rise
- Exacerbated by climate-related shocks
What is the key driver of situations of severe food crisis?
How do you address food insecurity and malnutrition in conflict-affected situations?
- Cannot be business as usual
- Requires a conflict-sensitive approach that aligns for immediate humanitarian assistance, long-term development, and sustaining peace
We produce enough food to feed how many people?
Which countries produce more food than the population requires?
What is Uruguay's business?
- Produce food to feed 25 million people, while they only have 3.5 million
Which conflicts does the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World focus on?
- South Sudan
- Northern Nigeria
What is conflict exacerbated by?
What is mild food insecurity?
Worrying about the ability to obtain food
What is moderate food insecurity?
- Less quality and variety of food
- Reduced quantities
- Skipping meals
What is severe food insecurity?
What is the primary reason that caused the increase in undernourishment?
Give an example of how utilization has improved in terms of food insecurity.
Vietnam has increased their measures of sanitation
In terms of utilization, we have increased our knowledge in which areas?
- Child nutrition
What does the report by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Focus on? What weight do each of these components hold? What is this composition called?
- Undernourishment (1/3)
- Child mortality (1/3)
- Wasting (1/6)
- Stunting (1/6)
- GHI Composition