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3) Global Food Security > Food Insecurity in the World > Flashcards

Flashcards in Food Insecurity in the World Deck (47)
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1

What was the goal in 1996 at the World Food Summit? What was the target? What was it actually?

- Decrease undernourishment by half the NUMBER by 2015
- Target: 500 million
- Actual Number: 700 million

2

Which regions reached their target according to SOFI (2015)? Which didn't?

- Africa: the number of undernourishment increased
- Latin America: target reached and surpassed

3

What does a green dot or a red dot mean in SOFI?

- Green dot: target achieved
- Red dot: country is far from achieving their goal

4

How does Africa compare to the Asian Pacific in terms of undernourishment?

- Africa has a lower number of undernourishment
- But, Asia has a lower percentage (larger population size)

5

What is the region with the highest number of undernourished people in the world?

Asia

6

What is the region with the highest percentage of undernourished people in the world?

Africa

7

Give examples of countries with "red dots" in SOFI 2015.

- Uganda
- Tanzania
- Zambia
- Middle Africa

8

How has China modulated their numbers of undernourishment?

Decreased of over 50% in the prevalence of undernourishment

9

How has India modulated their numbers of undernourishment?

- Yellow dot
- Slight reduction of undernourishment (7%)
- Reduced their prevalence of undernourishment

10

How has Iraq modulated their numbers of undernourishment?

- Increase from 1.4 to 8.1 (almost 500% increase)
- Prevalence moved from 8% to 23%

11

What caused the uprise in undernourishment in Iraq?

Political conflicts, affecting their stability

12

How has Guatemala modulated their numbers of undernourishment?

- Increase in the number of undernourished people
- Despite the war ending
- Thus, stability is ESSENTIAL
- They still live in unstable political conditions (very corrupt)

13

Which agencies helped publish the state of food security and nutrition in the world?

- FAO
- WFP
- IFAD
- UNICEF
- WHO

14

How did the state of food insecurity in the world change from 2015 to 2016?

777 million to 815 million

15

According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, what factor seemed to play a role in the increase in food insecurity?

- The number of conflicts on the rise
- Exacerbated by climate-related shocks

16

What is the key driver of situations of severe food crisis?

Conflict

17

How do you address food insecurity and malnutrition in conflict-affected situations?

- Cannot be business as usual
- Requires a conflict-sensitive approach that aligns for immediate humanitarian assistance, long-term development, and sustaining peace

18

We produce enough food to feed how many people?

10 billion

19

Which countries produce more food than the population requires?

- Canada
- USA
- Uruguay

20

What is Uruguay's business?

- Exportation
- Produce food to feed 25 million people, while they only have 3.5 million

21

Which conflicts does the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World focus on?

- Yemen
- South Sudan
- Northern Nigeria

22

What is conflict exacerbated by?

Climate-related shocks

23

What is mild food insecurity?

Worrying about the ability to obtain food

24

What is moderate food insecurity?

- Less quality and variety of food
- Reduced quantities
- Skipping meals

25

What is severe food insecurity?

Experiencing hunger

26

What is the primary reason that caused the increase in undernourishment?

Primarily conflict

27

Give an example of how utilization has improved in terms of food insecurity.

Vietnam has increased their measures of sanitation

28

In terms of utilization, we have increased our knowledge in which areas?

- Nutrition
- Child nutrition
- Hygiene
- Sanitation

29

What does the report by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Focus on? What weight do each of these components hold? What is this composition called?

- Undernourishment (1/3)
- Child mortality (1/3)
- Wasting (1/6)
- Stunting (1/6)
- GHI Composition

30

The deaths of children in the developing world are largely due to what?

- Undernutrition (55%)
- Infectious disease, which could be caused by undernutrition