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WJT Basic Hebrew > First Month Hebrew > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Month Hebrew Deck (23)
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1

What are the two kinds of syllables in Hebrew?

1. There are open syllables, made up of a consonant and a vowel, שָׁ
2. There are closed syllables, made up of a consonant + a vowel + a consonant, לַח

2

What are the two characteristics of Hebrew syllables?

1. A syllable may not begin with a vowel
2. The last syllable is usually the accented syllable.

3

What is a sheva?

Vowel sign written as two vertical dots (:) under a letter.

4

What are the two types of shevas?

1. Vocal Sheva - very short "e"
2. Silent Sheva - not pronounced, used to close a syllable

5

How do you know how to divide the words into syllables?

• If the next consonant has its own vowel, it cannot end a syllable
• If it has a vocal sheva, it will be its own syllable
• If it has a silent sheva, it is the end of the syllable.

6

How do you distinguish between the vocal and the silent sheva?

If a short vowel comes before the consonant under which there is a sheva, the sheva is silent.

7

What are the two applications for the shevas?

1. If the sheva is under the first consonant of a word, it is vocal.
2. If there are two shevas in a row, the first is silent and the second vocal.

8

What is the strong dagesh and what is its purpose?

A dot similar to the weak dagesh, but it serves to double a consonant.
(like the English word, meanness)

9

How can you differentiate between the weak and strong dagesh?

1. If a dagesh is in a consonant other than the begadkefat, it is strong.
2. If a dagesh is in a begadkefat, it may be weak or strong.
o If it is the first sound of the word, it is weak.
o If the sound before the begadkefat is a consonant, the dagesh is weak
o But if it is a vowel, it will be strong

10

Guttural characteristic #1

Gutturals and resh will not have either weak or strong dagesh.

11

What happens when a word ends in ה?

The ה is a vowel letter and it is silent.

12

dagesh forte (strong)

A dot placed within a consonant (except laryngeals and resh) to double letter

13

dagesh lene (weak)

a dot placed within the begadkepat to pronounce as stop

14

Four vowel letters

aleph, hey, waw, yod
א ה ן י

15

begadkepat

ב נ ד כ פ ת

16

patah furtive

a patah placed/pronounced immediately before a final laryngeal when that laryngeal is preceded by an i or u class vowel

17

laryngeals

sounds produced in larynx/gutterals
א ה ח ע

18

mappiq

a dot placed with a final ה to indicate consonant

19

maqqeph

a horizontal line between words to connect into one accentual unit

20

soph pasuq

diacritical marking after the last word of a verse (:)

21

metheg

verticle stroke to the left of a vowel to indicate secondary stress on the syllable or on another maqqeph

22

sibilants

"S" letters ז ם צ ש ש

23

Qenmeluwey letters

six consonants that, with the sibilants, reject strong dagesh when pointed with vocal shewa