Finals Study Guide pt. 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Finals Study Guide pt. 3 Deck (33)
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1

Levinger's couple types is based on _______ and ___________.

stability
satisfaction

2

List the four couple types according to Levinger's couple types.

1. Full shell
2. No shell
3. Empty Shell
4. Half Shell

3

In Levinger's couple types:
In a full shell couple type, it is based on both _______ and __________.

stability
satisfaction

4

In Levinger's couple types:
the full shell types have the lowest ________ rates.

divorce

5

In Levinger's couple types:
which type has no stability or satisfaction

No Shell

6

In Levinger's couple types:
which type has stability but no satisfaction

Empty Shell

7

In Levinger's couple types:
which type has no stability but satisfaction

Half Shell

8

Gottman's couple types are based on couples ________ rates.

divorce

9

Gottman's couple types were used on ______ couples whose divorce rates were half of the U.S.'s.

Swiss

10

What are the five couple types according to Gottman?

1. validating
2. volatile
3. avoidant
4. hostile-engaged
5. hostile-detached

11

Which of Gottman's five couple types is this:
◦ stable
◦ partners who understand how the other partner feels 
◦ show compassion 
◦ they listen when they argue 

validating

12

Which of Gottman's five couple types is this:
◦ stable
◦ tend to have a high level of conflict 
◦ openly share their opinions 
◦ they both accept 

Volatile

13

Which of Gottman's five couple types is this:
◦ stable 
◦ prefer not to talk about things
◦ non-confrontational 

Avoidant

14

Which of Gottman's five couple types is this:
◦ unstable
◦ warfare 

Hostile-engaged

15

Which of Gottman's five couple types is this:
◦ unstable 
◦ stone walling: don’t communicate at all

Hostile-detached

16

What are the five elements of a good typology?

1. exhaustive
2. mutually exclusive-(a couple cannot fit in one or more category)
3. reliable
4. systematic
5. economize thought- advancing how we think about couples

17

What are the typical problems with typologies?

• no consensus in the scientific community 
• lack of clarity 
• lose sight of uniqueness of every relationship
• some scholar argue it blurs reality 
• simplify the complexity of relationships
• partners disagree on the typology 
• still-shot snapshot of relationship
• usefulness across cultures 

18

What is the difference between solitude and loneliness?


Solitude: 
• solitude is typically something we choose for ourselves
• in solitude, we make time to be with ourselves and discover who we are
• solitude provides an opportunity for renewal, examine our lives, and gain a sense of perspective

Loneliness:
• often results from certain events in life 
• an experience of feeling set apart from others
• can indicate that we’ve failed to listen to our inner voice 

19

What are the four types of loneliness?

1. transient loneliness
◦ when you go through transitions 
2. chronic loneliness
◦ feeling alone for an extended period of time 
3. everyday loneliness
4. existential loneliness 

20

What does loneliness look like in adolescence?

1. adolescence often feel like they are alone in their world

2. that they are the only ones to experiences the feelings they feel

3. are separated by others due to abnormalities

21

What does loneliness look like in young adulthood?

1. loneliness can be a result of not having any validation from others

2. may engaged in relationships or occupation when you aren’t ready

22

What does loneliness look like in during middle age?

1. our lives may not have developed the way we planned
2. may not enjoy success
3. disenchanted with their work
4. missed opportunities
5. children start leaving home

23

What does loneliness look like in during in later years?

1. they are no longer needed
2. their lives are really over
3. loss of friends, family, and spouse

24

What is the purpose of a history graph?

The purpose of this is that it expanded the perspective of loss, and on a timeline lets you see how deeply a loss has affected how.

25

How do you become aware of discrimination and prejudice?

Everyone has some level of prejudice. Acknowledging it, talking to people, are ways to become aware of it.

26

When should you seek counseling?

It’s not just for people who have serious trauma, but also typical things.

27

Self-authorship is a synthesis of what different parts of someone's personalities?

1. values
2. loyalties
3. beliefs
4. abstractions

28

capacity to author or invent one’s own beliefs, sense of self, and relationships with others

Self-Authorship

29

Self-Authorship is the ability to develop your own ____________

perspective

30

Self-Authorship is a __________ of how you express how you known __________

reflection
something