Final Terminology Flashcards Preview

ANTH 101 > Final Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Terminology Deck (78)
Loading flashcards...
1

the study of all cognition, human and animal, from an evolutionary perspective; seeking similarities and differences.

evolutionary cognition

2

the (mis)attribution of humanlike characteristics and experiences to other species.

anthropomorphism

3

a worldview revolving around the human species; centered on humans.

anthropocentrism

4

an organism’s subjective perceptual world.

umwelt

5

the ability to attribute mental states to others, such as knowledge, intentions, and beliefs; perspective taking.

theory of mind

6

study of human-animal interactions

anthrozoology

7

cultural adaptation to the environment that enables a group of humans to use the available land, resources, and labor to satisfy their needs and to thrive.

economy

8

the number of people who can be supported by the resources of the surrounding region.

carrying capacity

9

exchange of goods and services one for the other.

barter

10

practices and organizations that reallocate resources for the collective good.

leveling mechanisms

11

exchange in which accumulated wealth is collected from the members of the group and reallocated in a different pattern.

redistribution

12

humans who subsist by hunting, fishing, and gathering plants to eat.

food foragers

13

food production involving the domestication of animals…not agriculture.

pastoralism

14

cultivation of plants for subsistence through nonintensive use of land and labor.

horticulture

15

intensive farming strategy for food production involving permanently cultivated land.

agriculture

16

industrial production based on a social contract between labor, corporations, and government.

fordism

17

flexible strategies that corporations use to accumulate profit in an era of globalization
• Offshoring
• Outsourcing
• Global cities

flexible accumulation

18

economic and political worldview that sees the free market as the main mechanism for ensuring economic growth, with a severely restricted role for government; promotes privatization of public assets.

neoliberalism

19

a person who enters a new country to live.

immigrant

20

a person who leaves their country.

emigrant

21

the forces that spur migration from the country of origin and draw immigrants to a particular new destination country.

pushes and pulls

22

factors that enable or inhibit migration.

bridges and barriers

23

movement of people facilitated by the support of networks of family and friends who have already immigrated.

chain migration

24

organizations created for mutual support of immigrants from the same hometown or region.

hometown associations

25

resources transferred from migrants working abroad to individuals, families, etc. in their country of origin.

remittances

26

persons who move in search of a low-skill and low-wage job, often filling an economic niche that native-born workers will not fill.

labor immigrants

27

highly trained individuals who move to fill economic niches in a middle-class profession often marked by shortages in the receiving country.

professional immigrants

28

migration of highly skilled professionals from periphery countries to core countries.

brain drain

29

assets and skills such as language, education, and social networks that can be mobilized in lieu of or as complementary to financial capital.

social capital

30

small kinship-based group of foragers who hunt and gather for a living over a particular territory.

band