Flashcards in Final Terminology Deck (78)
the study of all cognition, human and animal, from an evolutionary perspective; seeking similarities and differences.
the (mis)attribution of humanlike characteristics and experiences to other species.
a worldview revolving around the human species; centered on humans.
an organism’s subjective perceptual world.
the ability to attribute mental states to others, such as knowledge, intentions, and beliefs; perspective taking.
theory of mind
study of human-animal interactions
cultural adaptation to the environment that enables a group of humans to use the available land, resources, and labor to satisfy their needs and to thrive.
the number of people who can be supported by the resources of the surrounding region.
exchange of goods and services one for the other.
practices and organizations that reallocate resources for the collective good.
exchange in which accumulated wealth is collected from the members of the group and reallocated in a different pattern.
humans who subsist by hunting, fishing, and gathering plants to eat.
food production involving the domestication of animals…not agriculture.
cultivation of plants for subsistence through nonintensive use of land and labor.
intensive farming strategy for food production involving permanently cultivated land.
industrial production based on a social contract between labor, corporations, and government.
flexible strategies that corporations use to accumulate profit in an era of globalization
• Global cities
economic and political worldview that sees the free market as the main mechanism for ensuring economic growth, with a severely restricted role for government; promotes privatization of public assets.
a person who enters a new country to live.
a person who leaves their country.
the forces that spur migration from the country of origin and draw immigrants to a particular new destination country.
pushes and pulls
factors that enable or inhibit migration.
bridges and barriers
movement of people facilitated by the support of networks of family and friends who have already immigrated.
organizations created for mutual support of immigrants from the same hometown or region.
resources transferred from migrants working abroad to individuals, families, etc. in their country of origin.
persons who move in search of a low-skill and low-wage job, often filling an economic niche that native-born workers will not fill.
highly trained individuals who move to fill economic niches in a middle-class profession often marked by shortages in the receiving country.
migration of highly skilled professionals from periphery countries to core countries.
assets and skills such as language, education, and social networks that can be mobilized in lieu of or as complementary to financial capital.