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Flashcards in Final short answers Deck (46)
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1

AIM

(Appreciation)

The aim is the whole object of the exercise. It is the expression of what you are trying to achieve.

2

Appreciation

Define:
Commanders intent

Constraints

What you are tasked to do or what the situation may require you to do

Any limitations given to you by the commanders intent or out of other information.

3

Factors to consider

(Appreciation)

- Human Resources
- persons to be policed
- ground
- time
- area
- climate
- administration and logistics
- communications
- courses open to person being policed
- law

4

S & S

Section 117

Special power with application of search warrant

- S.W has been/about to be/currently being made
- officer present
- enter and secure place/vehicle/other (where authorisation is being sought)
- secure items
- direct any person to assist with entry/secure
- RGTB evidential material may be CADD before decision is made to grant/refuse S.W
- powers expire in 6 hours or when S.W arrives or is denied

5

Age for CPP and criteria

Under 18 at time of making complaint

- sexual abuse
- physical abuse
- neglect

6

CPP neglect

Person neglect or ill treats a child in a manner likely to cause actual bodily harm, injury, mental disorder, disability

- not providing food shelter
- not protecting child from physical harm
- not accessing medical treatment
- exposing child to drugs
- expose child to toxic chemicals

7

Physical abuse injuries/actions for CPP referrals

- blow or kick to head
- shaking an infant
- strangulation
- use of an object as a weapon
- attempted drowning

- a bone fracture
- burn
- concussion or loss of consciousness
- any injury hat requires medical attention
- any bruising or abrasion (when infant)

8

CPP timeframes

Critical - 24hrs
Very urgent - 48hrs
Urgent - 7 days

9

Initial 3 steps OT and police must follow

CPP

Referral (info sharing between the 2 agencies)
Consultation (discussion at appropriate levels)
Agreement (on initial action, initial joint investigation plan)

10

Definition of physical abuse

CPP

The actions of an offender that result in or could potentially result in physical harm or injury being inflicted on a child. This can also be known as a non-accidental injury. The test for seriousness is determined by considering the action, injury and circumstances.

11

Definition of sexual abuse

CPP

Act involving circumstances of indecency with, or sexual violation of, a child, or using a child in the making of sexual imaging

12

CPP circumstances

- Child Vulnerability (age, disablity)
- More than one offender (both parents, family members)
- History (other incidents, previous death of sibling)
- High degree of violence (frenzied, enhanced maliciousness or cruelty)
- Offenders history (severe and frequent family violence, criminal history)
- Location (educational or health facility)
- Nature and level of concern (notifier is witness, source)

13

Questioning a child

Do not ask if
- Child has made a clear disclosure to adult and the adult can give the information
- If it is unclear what the child has said AND there are no safety concerns
- if it becomes clear while speaking with child that an offence has occured

14

O/C Exhibit responsibilities

MURDERCLASP

Movement - record all movement of exhibits
Uniquely numbered - ensure all exhibits are
Receiving exhibits from O/C scene
Delivering the exhibits for examination or analysis
Exhibit register - record all exhibits
Relevance of the exhibits, consult the 2 I/C on the relevance and indicate any further enquiries required in relation to exhibit
Continuity maintained through chain of custody
Label - ensure all exhibits are labelled by the finder and accompanied by an exhibit schedule
At court, prepare the exhibits for producing in court
Secure the exhibits
Produce the relevant exhibits in court

15

Exhibit numbering system key atributes

Be Consistent
Allow delegation of exhibit numbers to the staff who will be using them
Cope with multiple scenes
Be compatible with technology, allowing searching to be conducted using exhibit numbers
Encompass all exhibits, e.g MEK's, reference blood samples and photographs sent to ESR.

16

Exhibit numbers

Admin - 10000
Victim - 15000
Witness - 20000
Area Enquiries - 25000
Scenes - 30000
Suspects - 70000

17

Storing and examining exhibits

Ensure any prompt action necessary to preserve the exhibit has been taken, for example, drying wet or bloodstained clothing in an appropriate drying facility.
AIR DRY ENSURING NOT TO CROSS CONTAMINATE

18

Damages by Fire

Although fire damage will often involve burning or charring, it is not necessary that the property is actually set alight; melting, blistering of paint or significant smoke damage may be sufficient

19

Robbery

Act + Ingredients

Section 234(1), Crimes Act 1961
10 years

- Theft
- Accompanied By Violence OR Threats of Violence
- To any person "or" Property
- Used to extort the property stolen OR Prevent or overcome resistance to it being stolen

20

Commission of an imprisonable offence with a firearm

Act + Ingredients

Section 198B(1)(a), Crimes Act 1961
14 Years

- In committing any imprisonable offence
- Uses any firearm

21

Administers

In the context of drug dealing, the appropriate meaning of “administer” is “to
direct and cause a … drug to be taken into the system” of another person.
BLACK'S LAW DICTIONARY

22

Abduction

Section 208(a) or (b) or (c), Crimes Act 1961
14 years

- Unlawfully
- Takes away or detains
- A person
- Without his or her consent OR with his or her consent obtained by fraud or duress
- With intent to (a) marry him or her “or “ (b) have sexual connection with him or her “or” (c) cause him or her to be married to “or” to have sexual connection with some other person

23

ASA
Purpose of preliminary interview

Gain a better understanding of what has occurred and to determine:
- What further investigation actions are necessary
- Whether an offence may have occurred, and
- Whether the victim wishes to make a formal complaint
- Victim safety
- Public Safety

24

4 Steps in controlling a scene

FREEZE
From or to scene, no movement.
Remove animals and activity.
Ensure nothing touched or moved.
Every activity is stopped.
Z
Exhibits are protected

If movements are required keep a register

GUARD
Guard is appointed and briefed.
Use civilians if necessary
Assembly point - SFP
Rolls of emergency tape
Define boundaries

CONTROL
Clear the scene, take nothing.
Order witnesses/suspects to clear area.
Not to discuss with each other.
Take witnesses/suspects to station.
Rivals kept apart.
Obtain full particulars.
Left the area - Who has

PRESERVE
The preservation of the scene will rely on your reconnaissance and appreciation to ensure the scene is preserved for the formal scene examination.
All the main areas of examination and any possible exhibits must be protected.

25

Aggravated Wounding

Act + Ingredients

Section 191(1)(a) or (b) or (c), Crimes Act 1961
14 Years

- (a) With intent to commit or facilitate the commission of any imprisonable offence OR (b) With intent to avoid detection of himself or any other person in the commission of an imprisonable offence OR (c) With intent to avoid arrest or facilitate flight of himself or any other person upon the commission or attempted commission of any imprisonable offence
- Wounds any person OR Maims any person OR Disfigures any person OR Causes GBH to any person OR stupefies any person OR Renders Unconscious any person OR By any violent means renders any person incapable of resistance

26

Burglary
(Enters)

Act + Ingredients

Section 231(1)(a), Crimes Act 1961
10 years

- Enters
- Any Building or Ship
- Without Authority
- With intent to commit an imprisonable offence in the building or ship

27

Burglary
(already entered)

Act + Ingredients

Section 231(1)(b), Crimes Act 1961
10 years

- Having Entered
- Any Building or Ship
- Remains in it without Authority
- With intent to commit an imprisonable offence in the building or ship

28

Receiving

Act + Ingredients

Section 246(1), Crimes Act 1961

- Receives any property stolen or obtained by any other imprisonable offence
- Knowing that property to have been stolen or so obtained, or being reckless as to whether or not the property had been stolen or so obtained

29

Supply/Administer/Offer Class C controlled drug to persons Under 18 years of age

Act + Ingredients

Section 6(1)(d), MODA 1975
8 years

- Supplies or Administers OR Offers to Supply OR Offers to administer OR Otherwise deals in
- Class C controlled drug
- To any person under the age of 18 years old

30

Class A drug

+ 3 examples

CLASS A CONTROLLED DRUG
Means any controlled drugs specified or described in Schedule 1 to this Act.
SEC 2 MODA 1975

- Cocaine
- Heroin
- Methamphetamine
- Lysergide (LSD)
- Psilocybine (found in magic mushrooms)