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Flashcards in Final Judgment Rule & Exceptions Deck (7)
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final judgment rule

only a final judgment may be appealed


final judgment

one that ends the entire litigation on the merits and leaves nothing for the court to do but execute on the judgment


Rationale for final judgment rule

1. promotes judicial economy
2. avoids delay


interlocutory appeal

an appeal that is taken before a final judgment has been entered


interlocutory order

an order that does not dispose of the entire action


collateral order doctrine

an exception to the finality principle that allows review of interlocutory orders that are separable from the merits of the case, final, urgent, and involve important but unsettled questions of law


An interlocutory order may be appealed as a collateral order if:

1. the order conclusively determines a disputed question,
2. the question is completely separate from the merits of the action, and
3. the question involves an important right that would likely be irreparably lost if review of the question were to be delayed until after a final judgment, thereby making the question effectively unreviewable except upon an immediate appeal