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Flashcards in final formative Deck (37)
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1

Which of the following statement is correct when comparing the female pelvis with the male pelvis:


a. the angle of the female pubic arch is smaller
b. the distance between the female ischial spine is greater 
c. the distance between the female ischial tuberosities is less
d. the female pelvis as a whole is deeper, and the bones are heavier and thicker

b. the distance between the female ischial spine is greater 

2

The pituitary gland works in association with the
Select one:
a. hypothalamus 
b. thalamus
c. pineal gland
d. medulla oblongata

a. hypothalamus

3

Which of the following is not a response to the autonomic nervous system?

a. Heart Rate
b. Body temperature
c. Respiratory rate
d. Bile production 

d. Bile production

4

A maternal heart rate of over 100 beats per minute is called

a. bradycardia
b. tachycardia 
c. systole
d. diastole

b. tachycardia

5

The umbilical artery in the umbilical cord carries
Select one:
a. metabolic wastes and carbon dioxide from the fetus to the placenta 
b. metabolic wastes and carbon dioxide from the placenta to the fetus
c. oxygen and nutrients from the fetus to the placenta
d. oxygen and nutrients from the placenta to the fetus

a. metabolic wastes and carbon dioxide from the fetus to the placenta 

6

The epithelium layer lining the bladder wall is able to distend because

a. it is composed of muscle fibres 
b. it is composed of nerve fibres
c. it is near the neck of the bladder
d. it is composed of rugae or folds

d. it is composed of rugae or folds

7

The clusters of specific glands that produce milk when a woman is lactating are called
Select one:
a. lactiferous ducts
b. mammary glands 
c. alveolar glands
d. lactating glands

c. alveolar glands

8

The lambdoid suture in the fetal skull:
Select one:
a. connects the anterior and posterior fontanelles
b. unites the frontal bones
c. is diamond shaped
d. connects occipital and parietal bones 

d. connects occipital and parietal bones 

9

Which of the following is true about oxytocin?
Select one:
a. It is stored in the anterior pituitary gland
b. It is stored in the posterior pituitary gland 
c. It is stored in the hypothalamus gland
d. It is stored in the adrenal gland

b. It is stored in the posterior pituitary gland 

10

The structures of renal vein, renal artery, lymphatic and nerves enter and leave the kidney at the
Select one:
a. Medulla
b. Cortex
c. Capsule
d. Hilum

d. Hilum

11

Where in respiratory system C-shaped cartilages could be found?
Select one:
a. Trachea 
b. Larynx
c. Pharynx
d. Alveoli

a. Trachea 

12

The hormone progesterone greatly increases during pregnancy. One of its functions is to reduce immune activity in the mother. Why is this important?
Select one:
a. to allow her to develop infections and produce antibodies for the fetus
b. to reduce the risk of developing an autoimmune disease
c. to free up energy reserves for other functions
d. to reduce the tendency of her body to reject the fetus 

to reduce the tendency of her body to reject the fetus

13

The corpus luteum is a special glandular structure of the ovaries that primarily produces: 
Select one:
a. oestrogen 
b. progesterone
c. follicle stimulating hormone
d. luteinizing hormone

b. progesterone

14

Veins...
Select one:
a. carry blood away from the heart
b. branch into smaller vessels called arterioles
c. transport oxygen-rich blood
d. often have valves to prevent the backflow of blood

d. often have valves to prevent the backflow of blood 

15

In which one of the following blood vessels is blood pressure the highest:
Select one:
a. veins
b. capillaries 
c. vena cava
d. arteries

d. arteries

16

The latent phase of the first stage of labour is described when
Select one:
a. Contractions are 4 in every 10 minutes
b. Cervical dilation is 0-4cm 
c. Cervical dilation is 9cm
d. It lasts for 2 hours maximum

b. Cervical dilation is 0-4cm 

17

What is the physiological importance of resting tone between contractions?
Select one:
a. Defines uncoordinated uterine activity
b. Gives the mother a rest 
c. Allows perfusion of the placenta
d. Reduces oxygen levels to the fetus

c. Allows perfusion of the placenta

18

In a well flexed head the presenting diameter is
Select one:
a. Sub-occipito frontal
b. frontal
c. Sub-occipito bregmatic 
d. Mentovertical

c. Sub-occipito bregmatic 

19

The normal range of a fetal heart is
Select one:
a. 100-150bpm
b. 90-130bpm
c. 140-170bpm
d. 110-160bpm

d. 110-160bpm

20

The postnatal period lasts for approximately how long?
Select one:
a. 3 days
b. 3 weeks
c. 10 days
d. 6 weeks 

d. 6 weeks 

21

Which term is NOT used in the description of lochia?
Select one:
a. Blanca 
b. Serosa
c. Alba
d. Rubla

a. Blanca 

22

At 36+ weeks gestation, the fundus of the uterus can be palpated at the level of the
Select one:
a. Xyphisterum 
b. Symphysis pubis
c. Pelvic brim
d. Umbilicus

a. Xyphisterum 

23

Which one of the following substances is normally found in urine
Select one:
a. proteins
b. red blood cells
c. creatinine 
d. white blood cells

c. creatinine 

24

Which of the following foods is recommended as safe to eat during pregnancy?
Select one:
a. Brie cheese
b. tuna fish
c. alcohol
d. green leaf vegetables 

d. green leaf vegetables 

25

Which of the following statements is incorrect?
Select one:
a. All muscle types need nerve supply to contract 
b. Skeletal muscle is also referred to as voluntary muscle
c. Skeletal muscle is attached to bone
d. Skeletal muscle needs a nerve supply to contract

a. All muscle types need nerve supply to contract 

26

Which of the following pairs of hormones is mainly responsible for influencing the uterus in pregnancy?
Select one:
a. Oxytocin and progesterone
b. Oestrogen and progesterone 
c. Oestrogen and oxytocin
d. Relaxin and oxytocin

b. Oestrogen and progesterone 

27

The corpus luteum can be found in
Select one:
a. endometrium
b. placenta
c. ovary 
d. uterus

c. ovary 

28

Skin pigmentation may alter in pregnancy because of the hormone
Select one:
a. Melanin 
b. Melamine
c. Pigmentosa
d. Progesterone

a. Melanin

29

Colostrum – Which is the correct statement?
Select one:
a. Is high in density and low in volume 
b. Is low in density and high in volume
c. Contains less protein than mature milk
d. Contains more fat and water soluble vitamins that mature milk

a. Is high in density and low in volume 

30

The approximate number of cotyledons in the placenta is
Select one:
a. 2-5
b. 5-10 
c. 15-20
d. 25-30

c. 15-20