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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (86)
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1

total body water content of infants

75%

2

total body water content of adults

55%

3

average Percent body water content in elderly

45%

4

what does an increase in the ECF solute content cause water to do?

move out of the cell

5

The hallmark symptom of hypotonic hydration

hyponatremia

6

Which electrolyte is never secreted into the filtrate?

Sodium

7

where is milk stored?

lactiferous sinus

8

the outer capsule that surrounds the ovulated oocyte

corona radiata

9

chronological order of a growing fertilized egg

Zygote, morula, blastocyst

10

types of granulocytes

eosinophils
basophils
neutrophils

11

The protein backbone of a blood clot

fibrin

12

Which enzyme converts fibrinogen into fibrin?

Thrombin

13

These structures prevent prolapse of the atrioventricular valves

Chordae tendineae

14

Deoxygenated blood from the myocardium enters the right atrium through the:

coronary sinus

15

The process in which antibodies coat foreign proteins

opsonization

16

The ability of antibodies to block specific sites on pathogens so that they cannot bind to cell receptors

neutralization

17

This cell is responsible for tissue graft rejection.

Cytotoxic T cell

18

The cells involved in cell-mediated immunity

lymphocytes

19

The cells involved in cell-mediated immunity

lymphocytes

20

The inflation reflex depends upon stimulation of which type of receptor?

Mechanoreceptors

21

Micelles are formed during the absorption of which nutrient?

Fatty acids

22

what layer of the glomerular capsule is part of the filtration membran?

the visceral layer

23

When glucose spills over into the urine it has:

exceeded its transport maximum

24

The main intracellular electrolyte

potassium

25

The area of the brain that plays a major role in water and electrolyte balance

hypothalamus

26

The driving force of water intake is

thirst.

27

Which solute plays the biggest role in water reabsorption?

Sodium ions

28

Aldosterone targets which part of the nephron?

Distal convoluted tubule

29

The only electrolyte that exerts significant osmotic pressure

sodium ion.

30

Hydrogen ions are secreted into the filtrate mainly by the:

proximal convoluted tubule.