Final: Chapter 22 Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Human A&P 2 > Final: Chapter 22 Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final: Chapter 22 Reproductive System Deck (63)
Loading flashcards...
0

During spermatogenesis, which stage is the first to be haploid in number of chromosomes?

A) spermatogonium
B) primary spermatocyte
C) secondary spermatocyte
B) spermatid

secondary spermatocyte

1

Specifically, where are sperm cells formed within the testes?

A) within the tunica Albuginea
B) within the mediastinum testes
C) within the seminiferous tubules
D) in association with interstitial cells

within the seminiferous tubules

2

What portion of the sperm cell contains the twenty-three chromosomes?

A) head
B) acrosome
C) mid-piece
D) tail

head

3

Males have a number of internal accessory organs. Which one(s) is/are responsible for secreting fluid containing fructose and prostaglandins?

A) epididymis
B) seminal vesicles
C) vas deferens
D) prostate gland

seminal vesicles

4

Which male accessory gland lies inferior to the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra like a donut?

A) epididymis
B) prostate
C) seminal vesicle
D) vas deferens

prostate

5

A number of hormonal secretions begin or increase during puberty. Which hormone appears to initiate the process of puberty?

A) testosterone
B) luteininzing hormone (LH or ICSH)
C) gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
D) follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

6

Within the female ovary, primordial follicles begin their development

A) at puberty
B) around age 5
C) at birth
D) during prenatal development

during prenatal development

7

What is the purpose of polar bodies during oogenesis?

A) Polar bodies as a dumping ground for extra sets of chromosomes and ensure the ovum will have most of the cytoplasm.
B) They rid the body of defective sets of chromosomes,leaving the "good" set within the ovum.
C) They are merely the byproduct of meiosis and serve no function
D) They prevent the development of most sets of the multiple births.

Polar bodies as a dumping ground for extra sets of chromosomes and ensure the ovum will have most of the cytoplasm

8

During ovulation, a(n)______ is release from the ovary.

A) ovum
B) secondary oocyte
C) primary oocyte
D) oogonium

secondary oocyte

9

Which layer of the uterus is shed once monthly during menstruation?

A) the myometrium
B) the perimetrium
C) the endometrium
D) the exometrium

the endometrium

10

Ovulation appears to be triggered by the mid-cycle surge in

A) estrogen
B) progesterone
C) follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
D) luteinizing hormone (LH)

luteinizing hormone (LH)

11

The____ is the early pre-embryonic stage that implants in the uterine lining.

A) morula
B) blastocyst
C) inner cell mass
D) fetus

blastocyst

12

The detection of the hormone_____ is the basis of most pregnancy test.

A) human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
B) follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
C) luteinizing hormone (LH)
D) oxytocin

human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

13

Choosing from the following list, the most effective means of preventing conception is_______.

A) coitus interruptus
B) rhythm methods
C) condoms
D) tubal ligation

tubal ligation

14

Which sexual transmitted disease sis also associated with pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in females?

A) genital herpes
B) Chlamydia infection
C) genital warts
D) syphilis

chlamydia infection

15

What is the term for the primary human sex organs?

A) gonads
B) genitals
C) ova
D) gametes

gonads

16

Which factor favors spermatozoa development?

A) temperature of 37C
B) temperature of 34C
C) acidity
D) estrogens

temperature of 34C

17

What does an ovulated oocyte first come into contact with?

A) uterine tube
B) fimbriae
C) uterus
D) oviduct

fimbriae

18

Which cells are earliest in the male sequence of meiosis?

A) spermatozoa
B) primary spermatocyte
C) spermatid
D) spermatogonia

spermatogonia

19

Which gland lies at the inferior base of the urinary bladder?

A) seminal vesicle
B) prostate
C) Cowper's gland
D) testis

prostate

20

Which sperm structure contains enzymes that help penetrate ova?

A) head
B) tail
C) acrosome
D) middle piece

acrosome

21

What is the source of the male androgen testosterone?

A) seminiferous tubule
B) interstitial cells
C) epididymis
D) prostate

interstitial cells

22

Which structure is not found within the spermatic cord?

A) urethra
B) blood vessel
C) nerve
D) smooth muscle

blood vessel

23

How many mature,functional follicles will a female produce in a lifetime?

A) about 1 million
B) 400
C) 4,000
D) 350,000

400

24

Which structure is formed following ovulation?

A) Graafian follicle
B) secondary oocyte
C) corpus luteum
D) corona

corpus luteum

25

The initiation of puberty and menses in a female, involves increase levels of_____

A) FSH and LH
B) testosterone
C) estrogen
D) progesterone

FSH and LH

26

The mature follicle is also called a_____

A) Graafian follicle
B) granulosa cell
C) primary follicle
D) secondary follicle

Graafian follicle

27

The largest component of the uterus by weight is the____

A) broad ligament
B) myometrium
C) round ligament
D) endometrium

myometrium

28

The superior portion of the uterus is the_______.

A) body
B) cervix
C) fundus
D) infundibulum

fundus

29

The outer serosal layer of the uterus is the____.

A) perimetrium
B) cervix
C) endometrium
D) myometrium

perimetrium