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Flashcards in Final A&P Deck (113)
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1

22) This plane divides the body into equal right and left halves.
a) frontal
b) midsagittal
c) transverse
d) oblique
e) coronal

midsagittal

2

23) This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.
a) frontal
b) sagittal
c) transverse
d) oblique
e) midsagittal

frontal

3

24) A transverse plane will cut a body or organ into
a) anterior and posterior portions.
b) left and right portions.
c) superior and inferior portions.
d) portions separated at an angle to its longitudinal axis.
e) unequal left and right portions.

superior and inferior portions.

4

25) This directional term means farther from the midline.
a) medial
b) anterior
c) proximal
d) deep
e) lateral

lateral

5

26) This directional term means farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk or farther from
the origination of a structure.
a) deep
b) contralateral
c) lateral
d) cephalic
e) distal

distal

6

27) This directional term is the opposite of deep.
a) superficial
b) superior
c) inferior
d) distal
e) proximal

superficial

7

27) This directional term is the opposite of deep.
a) superficial
b) superior
c) inferior
d) distal
e) proximal

superficial

8

7) This is the condition of equilibrium (balance) in the body’s internal environment.
a) palpation
b) metabolism
c) homeostasis
d) autopsy
e) differentiation

homeostasis

9

30) Which of the following organs is not found in the abdominal cavity?
a) stomach
b) spleen
c) liver
d) gallbladder
e) diaphragm

diaphragm

10

31) This serous membrane covers the viscera within the abdominal cavity, and lines the
abdominal wall and the inferior surface of the diaphragm.
a) pericardium
b) pleura
c) mediastinum
d) dura mater
e) peritoneum

peritoneum

11

70) What is the name of the serous membrane in closest proximity to the lungs?
a) parietal pleura
b) visceral pleura
c) parietal pericardium
d) visceral pericardium
e) mediastinum

b) visceral pleura

12

71) What is the name of the outer layer of the serous membrane that surrounds the heart?
a) diaphragm
b) visceral pleura
c) parietal pericardium
d) visceral pericardium
e) mediastinum

c) parietal pericardium

13

92) Which of the following is NOT one of the four basic types of tissues found in the human
body?
a) epithelial tissue
b) connective tissue
c) muscular tissue
d) necrotic tissue
e) nervous tissue

necrotic tissue

14

96) Mammography and bone densitometry are good examples of which of the following types of
medical imaging.
a) computed tomography
b) magnetic resonance imaging
c) ultrasound scanning
d) radionuclide scanning
e) low-dose radiography

e) low-dose radiography

15

5) The number of protons in an atom is represented by an element’s
a) mass number.
b) atomic number.
c) atomic mass.
d) valence number.
e) None of these choices.

b) atomic number

16

7) This refers to a weighted average of the atomic weights of all naturally occurring isotopes of
an element.
a) mass number
b) atomic number
c) atomic mass
d) ionic mass
e) covalent mass

c) atomic mass

17

11) This is the name given to a negatively charged atom.
a) superoxide
b) isotope
c) catalyst
d) anion
e) cation

d) anion

18

13) This type of chemical bond involves the sharing of valence electrons between two atoms.
a) covalent
b) ionic
c) hydrogen
d) atomic
e) electronic

covalent

19

molecules like proteins and DNA?
a) nonpolar covalent
b) polar covalent
c) hydrogen
d) ionic
e) atomic

hydrogen

20

21) An enzyme acts to
a) raise the activation energy needed to start the reaction.
b) lower the activation energy needed to start the reaction.
c) convert the activation energy into potential energy.
d) convert the activation energy into kinetic energy.
e) stop a chemical reaction.

lower the activation energy needed to start the reaction.

21

25) This is the most abundant and most important inorganic compound in the body.
a) water
b) oxygen gas
c) carbon dioxide
d) glucose
e) DNA

water

22

29) A solution with a pH value less than 7 is
a) basic.
b) neutral.
c) acidic.
d) alkaline.
e) concentrated.

acidic

23

30) A chemical compound that helps control the pH of a solution by adding or removing
hydrogen ions is a(n)
a) electrolyte.
b) salt.
c) cation.
d) colloid.
e) buffer.

buffer

24

11) This is the name given to a negatively charged atom.
a) superoxide
b) isotope
c) catalyst
d) anion
e) cation

anion

25

1) What are the three main parts of a eukaryotic cell?
a) plasma membrane, organelles, cytoplasm
b) plasma membrane, organelles, nucleus
c) plasma membrane, cytoplasm, organelles
d) plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
e) plasma membrane, cytosol, organelles

plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus

26

6) This type of membrane protein extends across the entire lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane
touching both intracellular fluid and the extracellular fluid.
a) complement protein
b) transmembrane protein
c) peripheral protein
d) lipoprotein
e) All of these choices are correct.

transmembrane protein

27

8) This type of membrane protein enables cells to catalyze specific chemical reactions at the inner
or outer surface of their plasma membrane.
a) receptors
b) phospholipids
c) cholesterol
d) enzymes
e) ligands

enzymes

28

9) Which of the following types of membrane proteins function by recognizing and binding to
hormones and neurotransmitters?
a) transporters
b) receptors
c) enzymes
d) linkers
e) cell identification markers

receptors

29

10) This type of membrane protein anchors cells to neighboring cells and to protein filaments found
outside or inside the cell.
a) transporters
b) receptors
c) ligands
d) ion channels
e) linkers

linkers

30

11) Plasma membranes are ________, which means that some chemicals move easily through
plasma membrane while other chemicals do not.
a) selectively permeable
b) concentration graded
c) electrically graded
d) selectively soluble
e) electrical insulators

selectively permeable