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Flashcards in Final Deck (30)
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1

What is a juvenile delinquent

Any minor who violated or attempts to violate the law prior to their 18th birthday.

2

What is the lowest age of majority for juvenile delinquents and what are the ages in New York and North Carolina

Lowest age for criminal offence is 16
NY: seven years
NC: six years

3

What is the cause that focuses on rising the age of majority

Roper v Simmons

4

What percentage of violent and property crime do juveniles account for

Violent: 17%
Property: 26%

5

How many cases in the McLean 100 showed signs of mental health issues

56% in 15/16 cases

6

What are the percentages for parents in the home with the McLean 100?

20% no biological parent
15% 2 biological parents
65% one biological parent

7

What are the percentages for parental criminal history in the McLean 100?

42% no criminal record
58% criminal record
47% mother
72% father
81% of parents with criminal history are black

8

What is parens Patriae

When the court acts as a substitute parent for a juvenile (ward of the court)

9

What is a bench trial

Judge hears all evidence, no jury and judge decides guilt

10

What is excluded jurisdiction

Statutory waiver
Any minor at least 16 at crime charges w first degree murder or aggravated criminal sexual assault or aggravated battery w firearm
Charged as adults

11

What is a presumptive transfer

Judicial waiver
Have to go before judge and ask to be taken to adult court
Forcible felony or previous felony conviction or further gang activity on second felony

12

What is a discretionary transfer

13+
Any offence
No longer good idea to keep in juvenile court
Looks at severity of offence

13

What is concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction

13+
Any felony offence
Hearing for seriousness of offence and prior record
If found guilty will get two sentences one as an adult and one as a child
If violate will move from juvenile to adult

14

What are the five main functions of a community corrections officer

Enforce supervision conditions
Motivate offenders
Brokering
Investigations and report writing
Victim assistance

15

What are the four types of officers

Law enforcer
Therapeutic agents
Synethic agents
Time servers

16

How do you get a community corrections job

Appointed (IL): apply w admin office of courts
Merit system: mainly state. Competitive exam then placed on ranked list

17

In the federal system how many districts permit officers to hold firearms

85 out of 94

18

How many states mandate the carrying of firearms for juvenile offenders

15

19

What is role ambiguity and role conflict

A: may have difficulty handling the broad discretion they have over clients

C: difficulty reconciling enforcement v support.

20

Which state has the most probationers in private probation companies

Georgia

21

What is the statistics for prisoner re entry

95% return to
80% released on discretionary
20% released after entire sentence

22

What are collateral consequences

Civil or political rights that are lost temporarily in some cases or permantely following a felony offence

23

What is a surety bond?

Certificates signed by a principal and third party promise to pay employer jf failure to perform.

24

What is the equal opportunity commission policy

An applicant cannot be dented solely because of a felony conviction unless it coincides with the job position.

25

Which states prohibit employers from asking about arrests

MA
NY
WI

26

Which case allowed ex felons to lose the right to vote

Richardson v Ramirez: 1970s

27

Which states allow felons to vote

Maine and Vermont

28

Which case banned firearm ownership at a federal level for felons

Beecham v us

29

What two welfare support systems do drug offenders lose

Supplementary security income
Social security disability

30

What is temporary assistance for needy families act

Federal
Denies food stamps and welfare benefits to anyone convicted of the possession or sale of controlled substances but allows states to modify.
13 lost - 11 kept