Flashcards in FINAL Deck (48)
What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?
Art and Learning
The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?
Individual and human potential (humanities)
What were Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?
For what is the Medici Family famous for?
Being rulers and supporters of the arts
What was the first full sized book Gutenberg printed?
The Gutenberg Bible
What were John Calvin's major teachings?
Why was the caravel an important development in navigation?
The caravel was sturdier and triangular sails allowed the ship to sail
Effectively against the wind
Why did Lord McCartney give a letter from King George III to Qian-long?
What did Hongwu do first to help China become a dominant power?
He overthrew the Mongols and Established the Ming Dynasty
What type of poetry presents images rather than expresses an idea?
What was the main economic activity in New France?
Why did Europeans see Africans As a better source of labor than Native Americans?
Africans were strangers to America resulting in hardly any escapes
Which European country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?
What did the encomienda System provide for new Spain?
Which king Became France's most powerful ruler and boasted, "I am the state"?
Why did Peter the Great build the city of St. Petersburg?
The city was on a seaport and it would be easier to travel west
By the end of the 1600s,what had England's system of government become?
A constitutional monarchy
Who Declared himself the head of the English church?
What did Francis Bacon help develop?
The scientific method
The idea of a democracy is explained in what essay?
How did philosophes influence catherine the great?
Proposal on reforms of Russia's laws
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Which philosophes influenced the Bill of Rights?
Voltaire, Rousseau, and Locke
About which percentage of population belong to the third estate?
What happened on July 14 Bastille Day?
Prison raid for gunpowder
What was Napoleon able to accomplish during peacetime?
He created a code of laws, public education, set up a fairer tax code, and stabilized the currency
How did Admiral Nelson win the battle of Trafalgar?
Split french ships
What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna?
to establish a new balance of power
How did landowners and aristocrats view wealthy members of the middle class?
Looked down upon