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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (48)
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What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?

Art and Learning

1

The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?

Individual and human potential (humanities)

2

What were Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?

Christian Humanists

3

For what is the Medici Family famous for?

Being rulers and supporters of the arts

4

What was the first full sized book Gutenberg printed?

The Gutenberg Bible

5

What were John Calvin's major teachings?

Predestination

6

Why was the caravel an important development in navigation?

The caravel was sturdier and triangular sails allowed the ship to sail
Effectively against the wind

7

Why did Lord McCartney give a letter from King George III to Qian-long?

Increase trade

8

What did Hongwu do first to help China become a dominant power?

He overthrew the Mongols and Established the Ming Dynasty

9

What type of poetry presents images rather than expresses an idea?

Haiku

10

What was the main economic activity in New France?

Fur trade

11

Why did Europeans see Africans As a better source of labor than Native Americans?

Africans were strangers to America resulting in hardly any escapes

12

Which European country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?

Spain

13

What did the encomienda System provide for new Spain?

Military protection

14

Which king Became France's most powerful ruler and boasted, "I am the state"?

Louis XIV

15

Why did Peter the Great build the city of St. Petersburg?

The city was on a seaport and it would be easier to travel west

16

By the end of the 1600s,what had England's system of government become?

A constitutional monarchy

17

Who Declared himself the head of the English church?

Henry VIII

18

What did Francis Bacon help develop?

The scientific method

19

The idea of a democracy is explained in what essay?

Social contracts

20

How did philosophes influence catherine the great?

Proposal on reforms of Russia's laws

21

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

22

Which philosophes influenced the Bill of Rights?

Voltaire, Rousseau, and Locke

23

About which percentage of population belong to the third estate?

97%

24

What happened on July 14 Bastille Day?

Prison raid for gunpowder

25

What was Napoleon able to accomplish during peacetime?

He created a code of laws, public education, set up a fairer tax code, and stabilized the currency

26

How did Admiral Nelson win the battle of Trafalgar?

Split french ships

27

What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna?

to establish a new balance of power

28

How did landowners and aristocrats view wealthy members of the middle class?

Looked down upon

29

What were the goals stated in the "slogan of revolution"?

Liberty, equality, and fraternity