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Flashcards in FFP - VACANT BUILDINGS Deck (26)
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What is the most important consideration in sizeup at a vacant building fire?

A) The structural stability

B) Protection of life

C) Degree of fire

D) Type of construction

B) Protection of life

(Vacant Building Fires 2.2.3)

* The structural stability of the vacant building or parts of the building
will be the "most important aspect in determining the initial attack
strategy"

* Protection of life is the most important consideration in sizeup. This
means placing the 1st stream between the fire and persons
endangered.

1

Your Engine arrives first at the scene of a heavy fire in a vacant 2 story peaked roof private dwelling. As the IC, you must determine the initial attack strategy, i.e. interior or exterior. You should know that the most important aspect in determining this strategy in which one of the following?

A) Protection of life

B) Structural stability of the building

C) Number of units on scene

D) Exposure problems

B) Structural stability of the building

(FFP VACANTS 2.2.1)

A - Protection of life is the most important consideration is sizeup.

B - Structural stability is the most important aspect in determining initial
attack strategy.

D - Exposure problems are considered in sizeup.

2

What is the most important aspect in determining the initial attack strategy at a vacant building fire?

A) The structural stability

B) Protection of life

C) Degree of fire

D) Type of construction

A) The structural stability

(Vacant building fires 2.2.1)

* The structural stability of the vacant building or parts of the building will be the most important aspect in determining the initial strategy.

3

Members on BISP were inspecting a vacant building when their Lieutenant made the following points regarding the FDNY marking system for vacant buildings. Which choice is incorrect?

A) If a roof has been previously opened or burned away, to the degree that the need for future vertical ventilation appears minimal, the letters "R.O" (roof open) can be made over the building condition marking.

B) Primary markings shall be made above the front entrance. If deemed advantageous, additional markings shall be made.

C) Markings shall be used only as tentative indicators, as the condition of vacants can alter dramatically.

D) Markings should be in lime yellow reflective type paint and square, approximately 18" x 18" with lines 2" wide.

B) Primary markings shall be made above the front entrance. If deemed advantageous, additional markings shall be made. (INCORRECT)

(FFP VACANTS 1.3.3 B)

* Primary markings shall be made ALONG SIDE the front of the
entrance.

4

You are working PCOT in E-292 and respond "Engine only" to an ERS no contact box. Upon arrival, you find a fire on the 2nd floor of a 2 story vacant P.D. marked with an "X" in a box. You would be correct to order an interior attack after performing a risk assessment based on all but which of the following factors?

A) Current structural stability of the building.

B) Any suspected life hazard

C) Size and Location of fire.

D) Verification of safe access to the fire area.

B) Any suspected life hazard

(Vacants 2.8)

* Any KNOWN LIFE HAZARD

5

A senior firefighter in L-126 was discussing vacant building fire operations with junior members. He was correct in all of his statements except which one?

A) Ladder company operations are generally devoted to facilitating the Engine company efforts in getting water on the fire.

B) When placing TL in a vacant lot, the lot must be surveyed by the officer and LCC to determine the condition of rubble and whether it will support the weight of the apparatus.

C) The structural stability of the vacant building or parts of the building will be the paramount concern.

D) When stretching lines into exposures for operations into the fire building, 2 1/2" lines with solid stream nozzles should be considered.

C) The structural stability of the vacant building or parts of the building will be the paramount concern. (INCORRECT)

(Vacants 1, 1.3)

* Structural stability = most important aspect in determining INITIAL
ATTACK STRATEGY.

* Life hazard/safety of members = paramount concern

6

The IC may implement an interior attack at a vacant building fire after a risk assessment has been performed based on the following factors. Which items from the list below are correct? (More than 1 correct)

A) Current structural stability of the building

B) Any known life hazard

C) Size and location of the fire

D) Verification of safe access to fire.

E) A, B & C only

F) All of the above

F) All of the above

(Vacants, 1.1.3)

7

All vacant buildings must be identified and marked with which of the following symbols?

A) Empty square

B) Square with one slash

C) Square with an "X"

D) Any of the above depending on the condition of the vacant.

C) Square with an "X"

(Vacants 1.3)

8

The vacant building marking should meet which criteria below?

A) Such markings should be in lime yellow, reflective type paint.

B) Square to be approximately 18" x 18"

C) Lines to be 2" wide

D) All of the above

D) All of the above

(Vacants 1.3.2)

9

Which is an incorrect item from the list below in regards to vacant building markings?

A) Primary markings shall be made alongside the front entrance

B) If deemed advantageous, additional markings shall be made at other places (fire escape, roof bulkhead, etc.)

C) Markings shall be used as permanent indicators.

D) A vacant building does not necessarily mean there is no civilian life hazard. Children, derelicts, trespassers, workmen, squatters, etc. may be present.

C) Markings shall be used as permanent indicators. (INCORRECT)

(Vacants 1.3.3)

* Markings shall be USED ONLY AS TENTATIVE INDICATORS, as the
condition of vacant buildings can alter dramatically due to vandalism,
demolition, subsequent fire and water effects, etc.

10

Indications of tenants in an apparent vacant building are correctly listed in which choice below? (More than 1 correct)

A) Lights in windows of some apartments.

B) Curtains, window shades, plants, window gates.

C) Electric extension wires strung from utility pole, or through backyards of adjoining buildings into windows of an apparently vacant building.

D) Holes in a non sealed building.

A) Lights in windows of some apartments.

B) Curtains, window shades, plants, window gates.

C) Electric extension wires strung from utility pole, or through backyards of adjoining buildings into windows of an apparently vacant building.

(Vacants 1.3.7)

D - Holes or signs of forced entry in a SEALED BUILDING.

11

Determination of method of attack, exterior or interior, may have to be made by the first arriving officer at a vacant building fire. As in any fire situation, a sizeup must be made. All of the following are general considerations except which?

A) Any suspected life hazards

B) Location and extent of the fire

C) Exposure problems

D) Number of units responding to initial alarm

A) Any suspected life hazards (INCORRECT)

(Vacants 1.4.1)

* Any KNOWN LIFE HAZARD will be a consideration at a vacant
building sizeup.

12

Vacant building fires do not just happen. They are caused by one or more individuals who have no regard for the safety of the firefighter. Indeed, vacant buildings have been "Booby Trapped" deliberately to injure or kill the unwary in the following ways: which of these ways is incorrect?

A) Fires in vapors of diesel fuel oil develop slowly at the start, but progress rapidly as vapor production intensifies.

B) Gasoline vapors, immediately upon ignition, burn with lightning rapidity with high heat production.

C) Caution must be exercised when stairs have marble treads and half landings (usually in NLTs) that are cracked or broken.

D) Fires ignited above the operating forces, using delayed ignition devices.

D) Fires ignited above the operating forces, using delayed ignition devices.

(Vacants 1.5.2)

* Fires ignited BELOW the operating forces, using delayed ignition
devices.

13

Vacant building fires pose a threat to life and property and are, in incidence and cost, an increasing problem. Most of are suspicious or incendiary origin. They are set with ingenuity and in fiendish variety. Rapid fire spread and heavy involvement of the structure may be a result of the following: Which choice is the most correct from the list below?

A) Accelerants spread over several floors, ignited on the lowest floor. This creates a large volume/area fire within a short time.

B) Separate fires set in the building, one on a lower floor using diesel fuel as an accelerant, another on the top floor primed with gasoline.

C) Where there is a row of vacant buildings, fires set in alternate buildings, can spread to exposures via common shafts.

D) All of the above

D) All of the above

(Vacants 2.1)

14

Proper sizeup is most important for the officer in command at vacant building fires. In execution of the fire attack plan, the same order of priorities applies as in firefighting in occupied buildings. Which is the correct priority?

A) Life, exposures, confinement, extinguishment

B) Exposures, life, confinement, extinguishment

C) Life, exposures, extinguishment, confinement

D) Extinguishment, life, exposures, confinement

A) Life, exposures, confinement, extinguishment

(Vacants 2.2)

15

"The structural stability of the vacant building or parts of the building will be the most important aspect determining the initial attack strategy i.e. interior or exterior". Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

A) Agree

B) Disagree

A) Agree

(Vacants 2.2.1)

16

All sectors in a fire area in a vacant building must be surveyed and assessed in relation to the total fire situation. The officer in command must take into account the _________ sides of the fire.

A) 2

B) 3

C) 4

D) 6

D) 6

(Vacants 2.2.2)

* The officer in command must take into account the SIX (6) sides of
the fire. Four sides at the same level, as well as above and below.

17

Protection of life is the most important consideration in sizeup at a vacant building fire. This means placing the first stream between the fire and persons endangered. Which is the incorrect procedure from the list below?

A) When a vacant building is heavily involved on arrival, place hose streams between the involved building and the most severe life exposure.

B) When life is endangered in the exposures, position the first stream to protect the greatest amount of property.

C) When possible, take a position which not only protects an exposure, but also enables the stream to be used on the main body of fire.

D) In cases where it is impossible to confine the fire, alternate the stream from fire to an exposure.

B) When life is endangered in the exposures, position the first stream to protect the greatest amount of property. (INCORRECT)

(Vacants 2.2.3)

* When NO LIFE IS ENDANGERED in the exposures, position the first
stream to protect the greatest amount of property.

18

Where the area of a vacant building involved in fire has been accessible to street streams, a TL and associated engine company personnel may be utilized to perform most of the overhauling. One _______ line, with the minimum necessary Engine and Ladder company personnel, may enter the building from the bucket accomplishing final extinguishment, floor by floor.

A) 1 3/4"

B) 2 1/2"

A) 1 3/4"

(Vacants 2.2.5)

19

Advantages of In-Line Pumping at vacant building fires can be correctly found in which choice(s) below?

A) Fast water on the fire. Pumper in position for exterior stream operation.

B) Equipment on a pumper closer to the fire. Shorter and faster handline stretches.

C) Lower engine pressures required. Engine company chauffeur (ECC) in better position to observe operations and assist if necessary.

D) All of the above

D) All of the above

(Vacants 3.1.1)

20

Disadvantages of In-Line Pumping at vacant building fires can be correctly found in which choice(s) below?

A) Water supply limited to supply line layout and hydrant supply potential. It may not be possible to attain full pump capacity.

B) Possibility of a pumper blocking out an Aerial and TL apparatus.

C) If hydrant selected is OOS the pumper may not be able to proceed to next available hydrant, having being blocked out by later arriving units.

D) Possible damage to apparatus by falling debris.

E) All of the above

E) All of the above

(Vacants 3.1.1)

21

Which choice is an incorrect Engine company operation at a vacant building fire from the list below?

A) When supplying Aerial or TL pipes, the largest diameter hose shall be used. Control of the water shall be at the pumper(s) supplying the unit.

B) Units must avoid the passing of any fire that may burn members or become a later threat.

C) Usually only the officer and two members are needed for advancing the line into the immediate fire area.

D) When stretching handlines into exposures for operations into the fire building, 1 3/4" lines with solid stream nozzles should be considered.

D) When stretching handlines into exposures for operations into the fire building, 1 3/4" lines with solid stream nozzles should be considered. (INCORRECT)

(Vacants 3)

* 2 1/2" lines should be considered when stretching lines into
exposures for operations into the fire building

22

Ladder company operations are generally devoted to facilitating the engine company efforts in getting water on the fire. The main objective in the placement of exterior streams is to obtain the greatest coverage, while bearing in mind the safety of members involved. Please choose an incorrect ladder company operation from the list below when placing the TL in a vacant lot?

A) TLs should be positioned to cover two sides of a building.

B) Vacant lots must be surveyed by the LCC to determine the condition of the rubble and whether it will support the weight of the TL apparatus. The LCC will advise the officer of this information.

C) At times, only a portion of the TL may have to be placed in the lot to obtain the desired coverage.

D) The boom should not be operated at right angles to the chassis at low elevations. It should be operated at narrow angles, over the front and rear of the apparatus.

B) Vacant lots must be surveyed by the LCC to determine the condition of the rubble and whether it will support the weight of the TL apparatus. The LCC will advise the officer of this information. (INCORRECT)

(Vacants 4.10)

* The LCC AND OFFICER will survey the vacant lot together to
determine the condition of the rubble and whether it will support the
weight of the TL.

23

Which is an incorrect safety item from the list below in regards to vacant building fires?

A) Two members should be assigned to search all floors below the operating force for the presence of other fires or conditions not yet detected.

B) Check the ceilings in the apartment below the fire, to alert members above of holes in the path of their advance.

C) If there is no door on the fire apartment and fire is lapping into the hall, remove a door from another apartment. Position it so as to limit fire extension into upper areas.

D) Ladder members operating on the exterior should communicate indications of previous fires, particularly if they were on the floor above. Fires on the floor below the present operations would not be a concern.

D) Ladder members operating on the exterior should communicate indications of previous fires, particularly if they were on the floor above. Fires on the floor below the present operations would not be a concern.

(Vacants 6)

* Communicate indications of previous fires PARTICULARLY IF THEY
WERE ON THE FLOOR ABOVE OR BELOW THE PRESENT
OPERATIONS.

24

Fires in vacant building provide the department with the means and facilities for the training of members in actual fire conditions. Which is the correct training item(s) from the list below?

A) Members must be closely supervised, and training conducted by all officers.

B) The opportunity to try innovations, tools and equipment at these fires should be utilized for finding more efficient and safer methods of operation.

C) Drills must be conducted in fighting this type of fire, both theoretical and practical, for the training of all members.

D) Frequent review of our strategies should be conducted to analyze and improve operations

E) All of the above

E) All of the above

(Vacant 7)

25

You arrive as the first due Engine Officer on a scene for a fire in a vacant building. The truck is pulling behind you with another lieutenant. As the IC you decide to implement an interior attack. You would know that you need to perform a risk assessment before the interior ATTACK can commence. Which factor below is not part of this assessment?

A) Current structural stability of the building

B) Any suspected life hazard

C) Size and location of the fire

D) Verification of safe access to the fire area

B) Any suspected life hazard (INCORRECT)

(Vacants, 1.1.3)

* Any KNOWN life hazard.