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Flashcards in FFP - UNDER RIVER RAIL OPERATIONS Deck (38)
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0

Which point about emergency exits and crossovers associated with under River tubes is incorrect?

A) The tunnel to tube transition area is the point where the underground tunnel connects to the Under River tube. In most cases, it is the location of the last emergency exit and the last crossover to the adjacent tube until the other side of the river.

B) Emergency exits may be standard (flush with the sidewalk), or upright (located in the side of a structure). Both types of exits are opened with a subway emergency tool, the triangle key.

C) Exit stairways are constructed of either concrete or metal. The metal stairs are often steeper, with open treads.

D) Crossovers (cross passageways) are connections between adjacent tunnels. They are located only in underground areas and at the ends of under River tubes. Crossovers associated with emergency exits are usually one or more levels above the tracks.

D) Crossovers (cross passageways) are connections between adjacent tunnels. They are located only in underground areas and at the ends of under River tubes. Crossovers associated with emergency exits are usually one or more levels above the tracks. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 2.4, Figure 6A)

* Crossovers associated with emergency exits are USUALLY AT TRACK
LEVEL but may be located on or more levels above tracks.

1

Under River Tubes are cylindrical in shape and are constructed of brick, concrete, or tubular cast iron. Some cast iron tubes are lined with concrete. Which is the incorrect point about Under River Tubes?

A) Most tubes are between 14 and 19' wide, which is only large enough to contain one track.

B) When evacuating passengers, walk the, between the running rails. Do not walk passengers outside the rails due to the 3rd rail alternating sides as it goes through the tube.

C) Most tubes have no access to the adjacent tube throughout the underwater areas.

D) There is very little space between the train and the tube. In the event of a collision or an explosion, it may be impossible to obtain access to the side of the train from the exterior.

B) When evacuating passengers, walk the, between the running rails. Do not walk passengers outside the rails due to the 3rd rail alternating sides as it goes through the tube. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 2.2.1)

* When evacuating passengers, WALK IN AREA OUTSIDE OF RAILS,
OPPOSITE THE 3RD RAIL. (Between rails is unsafe because of
drainage troughs)

2

Standpipes and other fire protection systems and equipment are found in Under River tubes. Which of the following is incorrect about these systems?

A) All under river standpipes in the NYC Transit System, are wet. Standpipes are city main fed. There are no pumps to augment pressure, but Siameses are usually located at the emergency exits closest to the river.

B) 2 1/2" outlets are located every 200' throughout under River tubes. Section valves are located approximately 600' apart.

C) Sound powered phone jacks are located at all under river standpipe outlets in all tubes.

D) 20 pound dry chemical extinguishers are located at power removal boxes, approximately every 600'

E) Emergency Evacuation Devices (EED) are located at both ends of each under river tube at the base of the emergency exits

C) Sound powered phone jacks are located at all under river standpipe outlets in all tubes. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 2.7.1)

* Sound powered phone jacks in all under River tubes EXCEPT
JORALEMON TUBE.

3

Communications in incidents involving under river tubes can be extremely challenging. Which of the following would not be a proper way to communicate at these incidents?

A) If enough personnel are on scene and conditions warrant, the HT relay should be established. The HT relay is the basic means of communication in the subway system.

B) For maximum repeater coverage, the IC should ensure that a member operating on the repeater channel is at street level in a position at the closest station on both sides of the river.

C) Repeater coverage is available in all emergency exit stairways. If repeater use is unsatisfactory in the emergency exit stairwell, a HT relay on Channel 14 should be used.

D) Notify NYC Transit when Post Radios are in use with the subway system. Post Radios may be useful to communicate above ground from one side of the river to the other.

C) Repeater coverage is available in all emergency exit stairways. If repeater use is unsatisfactory in the emergency exit stairwell, a HT relay on Channel 14 should be used. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 2.9.1)

* At present THERE ARE NO REPEATER ANTENNAS at most
emergency exits and NO other repeater coverage inside most
emergency exit stairways. A HT relay on TACTICAL CHANNEL shall
be used.

4

Additional methods of communication include Blue Light Phones, TA Portable Radios and Sound Powered Phones. Which is the correct point about these methods of communication?

A) TA portable radios are carried by conductors, train operators and TA supervisors. These radios may not work above ground.

B) Members using Sound Powered Phones in the tubes should use handsets for more effective communication.

C) A blue light phone can be used to call outside the system, and can receive calls from outside the system.

D) To call a blue light telephone from outside the system, dial the 2 digit access code and the four digit extension number.

A) TA portable radios are carried by conductors, train operators and TA supervisors. These radios may not work above ground.

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAILS 2.9.5)

B - HEADSETS are more effective than handsets

C - Blue light phone CANNOT be used to call outside system however
it can receive calls from outside the system.

D - To call a blue light phone for, outside the system, DIAL 1 + AREA
CODE (USUALLY 718) + 3 DIGIT EXCHANGE + 4 DIGIT EXT. #

5

The acronym "LIVES" can be used to organize a preliminary sizeup for Under River Rail operations. Which one of the following is not correctly indicated concerning this acronym?

A) L stands for Location and Life Hazard

B) I stands for Incident Information

C) V stands for Ventilation

D) E stands for EMS and need for first aid

E) S stands for Safety

D) E stands for EMS and need for first aid. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 3.2)

* E stands for EVACUATION & EGRESS ACCESS POINTS

6

Ladder 100 is assigned to an emergency exit at a reported explosion in an under river tube. Which action taken by Ladder 100 is incorrect?

A) Ladder 100 consulted the Emergency Exit Guidebook and Operational Guide to verify that they were operating at the correct emergency exit.

B) Upon opening the exit door, Ladder 100 checked for the presence of smoke, haze, odors, unusual sounds, and people in stairwell.

C) Ladder 100 notified the dispatcher which emergency exits they opened, and requested power off on Track #1 due to passengers self-evacuating on Track #1.

D) Ladder 100 descended the stairwell and searched the tracks for approximately 1/2 mile to ensure any self evacuating passengers were not missed in the initial stages of the operation.

D) Ladder 100 descended the stairwell and searched the tracks for approximately 1/2 mile to ensure any self evacuating passengers were not missed in the initial stages of the operation. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 3.3)

* Members should assist evacuating civilians BUT SHOULD NOT BE
COMMITTED TOO FAR INTO A DANGEROUS AREA until a proper
hazard assessment is completed.

7

Ladder 100 is operating at a fire in a under river tube. The ventilation fans on the Brooklyn side of the tube are operating in supply mode. The ventilation fans on the Manhattan side of the tube are operating in exhaust mode. There in an occupied subway car in the tube, approximately 2500 feet from Brooklyn, and 1300 feet from Manhattan. Which would be a correct thought for Ladder 100 to consider concerning evacuation of the passengers of this car?

A) Evacuate the passengers towards Brooklyn, after ensuring power removal in the affected tube.

B) Evacuate passengers towards Manhattan, after ensuring power removal in the affected tube.

C) Evacuate the passengers towards Brooklyn, after ensuring power removal in the entire system.

D) Evacuate passengers towards Manhattan, after ensuring power removal in the entire system.

A) Evacuate the passengers towards Brooklyn, after ensuring power removal in the affected tube.

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 4.6)

A - Correct

B - Evacuation should take place AWAY FROM fans operated in
EXHAUST MODE.

C - Remove power only in the AFFECTED TUBE.

D - Evacuation away from exhaust fan, remove power in affected tube
only.

8

Depending on the results of the sizeup and hazard assessment, the IC may authorize limited entry into an under river tube for reconnaissance. Which unit would be a logical choice for recon?

A) A SOC Support Ladder due to their metering capability.

B) A Squad Company

C) A Rescue Company

D) Haz Mat Company 1

E) Both B & C

F) Both A & D

E) Both B & C (Squad and Rescue)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 6.1.1)


* Rescue or Squad because of:
1. Metering capability
2. 1 hr SCBA Cylinders
3. Knowledge of structural issues

9

Triage duties within under river tubes will probably be performed by Rescue Paramedics and/or CFR trained firefighters. The guiding principle should be to remove the largest number of victims as quickly as possible. Which is the correct order to remove victims?

1. Non ambulatory victims
A. Red tag (Immediate transport)
B. Yellow tag (Delayed transport)
2. Ambulatory victims
3. Black Tag (deceased victims)
4. Victims requiring disentanglement/extrication
A. Red tag (Immediate)
B. Yellow tag (Delayed)

A) 1,2,3,4 B) 2,1,4,3 C) 4,2,1,3 D) 2,4,1,3

B) 2,1,4,3

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 7.1)


TRIAGE DUTIES: PRIORITY OF VICTIM REMOVAL:

1. Ambulatory

2. Non Ambulatory

3. Victims requiring disentanglement / extrication

4. Black Tag

10

When ambulatory victims have reached the area at the base of the emergency exit stairs, there are several possible removal options. Which of the following is incorrect concerning removal?

A) Passengers may be directed to walk along the track to the nearest station. This decision will be based on travel distance, patient condition, and the status of 3rd rail power.

B) FD members attempting to descend emergency exit stairways must first allow civilians to evacuate.

C) When 2 emergency exits are present, designate an evacuation stairway and an attack stairway

D) A Rescue Train is always the quickest option. The more likely scenario is using the Rescue Train on the same track as the incident.

D) A Rescue Train is always the quickest option. The more likely scenario is using the Rescue Train on the same track as the incident. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 7.2.2)

* Rescue Train TAKES TIME TO PUT INTO OPERATION.
The more likely scenario is using the Rescue Train in adjacent tube.
Using Rescue Train on same side as incident is UNLIKELY.

11

Removing non ambulatory victims from the tube will be labor intensive and will require increased personnel and logistical support. Which choice below is incorrect concerning the removal of non ambulatory victims?

A) Victim removal teams would spread out from victim location to emergency exit. Victims would be passed from team to team in a relay fashion.

B) SKED stretchers have proven to be the most efficient way to move non ambulatory victims.

C) Rail carts, which ride on the tracks, are the primary method for moving patients and equipment.

D) Rescue Trains may also be used. Potential rescue trains should be swept for secondary devices by law enforcement personnel prior to deployment.

B) SKED stretchers have proven to be the most efficient way to move non ambulatory victims. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 7.2.2, Note 7.3)

* SKEDS are USEFUL to move patients long distances over difficult
terrain.

Relay teams are MORE EFFICIENT method of moving non ambulatory
victims.

12

When FD units operate at fires in an under river rail incident, they will confirm power removal, but operate as if power is on. Which of the following guidelines is incorrect about engine operations?

A) It is most likely that hand lines will be stretched through an emergency exit.

B) Units shall use the FT-2 Nozzle

C) When stretching a hose line through a train, it may be necessary to chock numerous car doors to reach the fire. Many chocks would be required.

D) Several units may need to work together to stretch and operate a hand line.

E) Consider the use of dry chemical extinguishers, which are located at the blue lights in the tube.

A) It is most likely that hand lines will be stretched through an emergency exit. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 8.1.3)

* Most likely that hand lines will be OPERATED FROM STANDPIPE
OUTLETS.

If incident is very close to emergency exits IT MAY BE FEASIBLE to
stretch a hand line via the emergency exit.

Cannot operate from an emergency exit in a way that will hinder
passenger evacuation.

13

Ladder companies have many duties at under river rail incidents. Which one of the following is not a correct action for a ladder company to take?

A) Assist victims who are self evacuating and verify the location and nature of the incident.

B) Ensure a HT relay is set up and later arriving units augment it as necessary.

C) Enter hazardous locations immediately after gaining access and obtaining approval of the Ladder officer.

D) Include bolt cutters in the tools carried, to assist in gaining access to Emergency Evacuation Devices.

C) Enter hazardous locations immediately after gaining access and obtaining approval of the Ladder officer. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 8.2.1)

* Enter ONLY AFTER PROPER HAZARD ASSESSMENT is complete
after obtaining approval from the INCIDENT COMMANDER.

14

Electrical Power in Under River a Tubes presents dangers to the members operating. Which point about the electrical power is incorrect?

A) 3rd rails in the affected tube and adjacent tubes may be live.

B) 1,000 volt lines may run throughout the tubes at ceiling level. These lines are deactivated by routine requests for power removal.

C) An explosion or derailment may cause the high voltage lines to come in contact with the metal skin of the car.

D) Electrical fires may generate thick, irritating smoke.

B) 1,000 volt lines may run throughout the tubes at ceiling level. These lines are deactivated by routine requests for power removal. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 9.1.1)

* 1,000 volt lines at ceiling level are NOT DEACTIVATED BY ROUTINE
REQUESTS FOR POWER REMOVAL.

15

Which of the following safety guidelines is incorrectly stated?

A) If a terrorist event is suspected, the possibility of secondary devices must be considered.

B) Members must be aware that trains may be traveling in any direction at any time. An approaching train may be indicated by increased noise level, powerful air movements, a distant light reflecting on the rails, or vibrations in the tracks.

C) Members must have SCBA facepiece equipped with APR adapters and canisters due to the potential for large amounts of airborne dust.

D) A water flow will only be caused by a ruptured standpipe.

D) A water flow will only be caused by a ruptured standpipe (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 9.1.2)

* A ruptured standpipe or a FAILURE OF TUBE WALL.

16

It is very important for members to know where they are in an under river tube. Which of the following cannot be used to help identify the location of the incident?

A) The numbers associated with ventilation fans located in the under river tubes.

B) Standpipe outlet numbers

C) Columns numbers on columns or walls

D) Signal numbers attached to signal lights.

A) The numbers associated with ventilation fans located in the under river tubes. (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAILS 2.10)

17

Choose the incorrect point about Under River Operational guides.

A) Two sided Operational Guides have been developed to provide information regarding each individual under river tube.

B) Side "A" contains maps, pictures, and information to locate a particular set of tubes, the associated emergency exits and stations.

C) Side "B" contains a diagram of the tube and information about emergency exits, distances and crossovers.

D) You will not find information about the land side of the tube. Only information that pertains to under river tube areas is included.

D) You will not find information about the land side of the tube. Only information that pertains to under river tube areas is included (INCORRECT)

(FFP UNDER RIVER RAIL 2.11, Figure 13)

* The INFORMATION IN THE LOWER CORNERS OF CARD, PERTAIN
TO THE LAND SIDE OF THE TUBE.

18

L-103 is operating at a train derailment with multiple non ambulatory victims in an Under River Tube. The Lieutenant of L-103 would be most correct in realizing which choice below to be the primary method for moving patients and equipment at this operation?

A) Rescue Trains

B) Rail carts

C) Skeds

D) Relay Teams

B) Rail carts

(FFP Under River Rail 7.3.3)

* Rail Carts are safer, more efficient, and decrease fatigue.

19

As a newly promoted lieutenant discussing Under River Rail operations with the Battalion Chief, you would be most correct if you stated that during triage, the next victims to be removed after non ambulatory red tagged victims are?

A) Red tagged requiring Disentanglement / Extrication

B) Ambulatory victims

C) Non-ambulatory yellow tagged

D) Yellow tagged requiring disentanglement or extrication.

C) Non-ambulatory yellow tagged

(Under River Rail 7.1)

1. Ambulatory

2. Non-ambulatory red

3. Non-ambulatory yellow

4. Disentanglement/extrication red

5. 4. Disentanglement/extrication yellow

6. Black tagged

20

Safety is important during Under River Rail operations. 3rd rails in the affected area and in adjacent tubes may be live. In addition, _____ volt lines may run throughout the tubes at ceiling level which are not deactivated by routine requests for power removal.

A) 600

B) 1000

C) 800

D) 1300

B) 1000 volt

(Under River Rail 9.1.1)

21

A captain drilling on Under a River Rail operations during a 9x6 tour was correct in which statement?

A) All Under River Rail Standpipes in the NY Transit System are dry.

B) Standpipes are fed by siamese only and supported by manual fire pumps within the system.

C) 2 1/2" standpipe outlets are located every 200 ft throughout Under River Tubes.

D) Section valves for standpipes are located approximately 800 feet apart.

C) 2 1/2" standpipe outlets are located every 200 ft throughout Under River Tubes.

(FFP - Under River Rails 2.7.1)

A - All Under River Standpipes are WET

B - Standpipes are CITY MAIN FED and there are NO pumps to
augment the system.

C - Correct (Standpipes are 200' apart)

D - Section valves are approximately 600 feet apart.

22

In order to operate effectively, it is necessary to have a working knowledge of the physical properties of underground and under river transit facilities. Which is a correct item from the list below in regard to under river tubes?

A) Tubes are cylindrical in shape and are constructed of brick, concrete or tubular cast iron.

B) Most tubes were bored into solid bedrock but a few tubes run through composites of clay, sand and silt.

C) Most tubes are between 14 and 19 feet wide, which is only large enough to contain one track.

D) All of the above

D) All of the above

(Under River Rail 2.2)

* Tubes are cylindrical in shape and are constructed of brick, concrete
or tubular cast iron.

* Most tubes were bored into solid bedrock but a few tubes run through
composites of clay, sand and silt.

* Most tubes are between 14 and 19 feet wide, which is only large
enough to contain one track.

23

Which is an incorrect operational consideration in under river tubes?

A) All tubes have no access to the adjacent tube throughout the underwater areas.

B) Under river tubes are narrower than underground tunnels. There is very little space between the train and the tube.

C) In the event of a collision or explosion, it may be impossible to obtain access to the side of the train from the exterior.

D) A large enough explosion could cause the structure of the tube to fail and possibly flood.

A) All tubes have no access to the adjacent tube throughout the underwater areas. (INCORRECT)

(Under River Tube 2.2.2)

* MOST TUBES have no access to the adjacent tube throughout the
underwater areas.

24

In regards to Under River Tube operations, which is the most correct tunnel to tube transition characteristic from the list below?

A) This is the point where the underground tunnel connects to the Under River tube.

B) In most cases, it is the location of the last emergency exit and the last crossover to the adjacent tube until the other side of the river.

C) Members must recognize this construction feature as the entry/exit point of the tube

D) All of the above

D) All of the above

(Under River Tube 2.4)

25

Which is an incorrect subway emergency exit stairway operational consideration?

A) It is critical that members are familiar with the location and configuration of subway emergency exits in their response area, especially exits in the vicinity of Under River Tubes.

B) Evacuating civilians and Fire Department members wearing PPE will have difficulty exiting through the stairways which are narrow and steep.

C) Glow sticks will provide illumination, however they will provide extra heat.

D) Lighting is present but may need to be enhanced.

C) Glow sticks will provide illumination, however they will provide extra heat. (INCORRECT)

(Under River Tube 2.5.3)

* Glow sticks provide illumination WITHOUT ADDING EXTRA HEAT.

26

Which is an incorrect item about fire protection systems / equipment in under river rail locations?

A) All under river standpipes in the NYCT system are wet.

B) Standpipes are city main fed. There are pumps to augment pressure.

C) Siameses are usually located at the emergency exits closest to the river. In all cases, check the sign attached to the siamese to ensure that the correct system is supplied.

D) 2 1/2" outlets are located every 200' through under river tubes.

E) Section valves are located approximately every 600 feet apart.

B) Standpipes are city main fed. There are pumps to augment pressure. (INCORRECT)

(Under River Tubes 2.7.1)

* There are NO PUMPS to augment pressure.

27

20 pound dry chemical extinguishers are located at power removal boxes throughout the under river rail system, approximately every ________ feet.

A) 200

B) 400

C) 600

D) 800

C) 600

(Under River Tubes 2.7.2)

28

AUC 207 provides detailed instructions on the use of the blue light phone system. This is a Centrex system, similar to the FDNY phone system. In the Under River Tubes, phones are designated by blue lights near the emergency power removal boxes, approximately _________ feet apart?

A) 200

B) 600

C) 800

D) 400

B) 600

(Under River Tubes 2.9.4)

29

" A blue light phone cannot be used to call outside the system, but can receive calls from outside the system". Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

A) Agree

B) Disagree

A) Agree

(Under River Tubes 2.9.4)

* A blue light phone cannot be used to call outside the system, but can
receive calls from outside the system