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Ventilation of windows on upper floors may be accomplished by the use of portable ladders with or without a member operating from the ladder. Which choice contains correct information in regards to this procedure?

A) With a member on the ladder, the tip of the ladder, if possible, should be level with or higher than the top of the window.

B) With a member on the ladder and using a tool, the halligan is preferable.

C) A member on a ladder prepares to use a tool to ventilate the window, he should extend his arms downward and slant tool upward.

D) A member holding a ladder vents a window by letting the ladder strike the glass. The member must maintain contact with the ladder in order to stabilize the ladder to prevent its falling to the ground.

A) With a member on the ladder, the tip of the ladder, if possible, should be level with or higher than the top of the window.

(Ladders 1, 11.3.2 A)

B - A SIX FOOT HOOK is preferable

C - Extend arms UPWARDS and slant the tool DOWNWARD.

D - When the ladder strikes the glass, there should be NO CONTACT
between member and ladder.

1

In order to prevent slippage of the butt or movement of the top of a raised portable ladder, it is important to butted by a member. Which is an incorrect procedure according to FDNY portable ladder procedures?

A) Butting member places right foot in the center of the bottom rung of the ladder and maintains downward pressure.

B) Both hands are placed against and grasp the ladder beams to aid in steadying.

C) If member is working off one side of a ladder, butt man moves his foot from the center of bottom rung to the side opposite of working member.

D) The force that causes outward slippage will increase as member ascends.

A) Butting member places right foot in the center of the bottom rung of the ladder and maintains downward pressure. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 8.6)

* Member places LEFT FOOT on center rung.

2

When venting a window from a portable ladder a member knows which option is incorrect?

A) The 6' hook is the preferable choice.

B) Being upwind of the window will protect the member at the top of the ladder from fire extending.

C) Being upwind from the window will keep the member at the top of the ladder protected from falling glass.

D) The tip of the Portable Ladder if possible should be level with or higher than the top of the window.

C) Being upwind from the window will keep the member at the top of the ladder protected from falling glass.

(Ladders 1, 11.3.2 A)

* This will protect the MEMBER BUTTING THE LADDER.

3

You are leading a drill on portable ladders and make the following statements. Which one needs to be corrected?

A) A visual inspection of portable ladders shall be made weekly, and after use.

B) Ladders should never be used upside down.

C) Always face the ladder when ascending or descending.

D) Under no circumstances shall metal ladders be brought inside the gates of an electrical generating station.

B) Ladders should never be used upside down. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 14.2.3)

* EXTENSION LADDERS should never be used upside down due to locking assemblies and round ends.

4

In regards to portable ladders, which of the following statements are true?

A) Oxidation and discoloration of a surface can be polished off.

B) Never climb on the 3rd rung from the top on either straight or extension ladders.

C) A thorough inspection of portable ladders shall be made monthly.

D) The ladder length shall be marked within 18" of each butt end of a portable ladder.

C) A thorough inspection of portable ladders shall be made monthly.

(Ladders 1 / Regs 13.2.14)

* Visual inspection is weekly.
Thorough inspection monthly.

A - Discoloration is a DEFECT and its a signal of exposure and
excessive heat.

B - Never climb ABOVE 3rd rung from top

C - Correct

D - UNIT DESIGNATION marked within 18" of each butt end

5

The OV of your ladder company is placing a portable ladder. What did he do correctly?

A) Positioned the straight ladder at a 75-85 degree angle.

B) Raised and positioned the PL at a window and then lowered it to the window below by pulling out the butt end.

C) Used a simple formula to calculate 1/4 the working length to achieve a 65 degree angle.

D) Positioned the ladder at a 67 degree angle and went to work.

D) Positioned the ladder at a 67 degree angle and went to work.

(Ladders 1, 8.4)

A - Ladder should be positioned at an angle of 65-75 DEGREES

B - Always lower the fly ladder below the desired level and re-raise to
the proper height to ensure a safe, 65-75 degree climbing angle
and proper locking action of the lock assemblies. Don't raise past
objective and pull out butt end to lower.

C - Formula to calculate 1/4 the working length achieves an angle of 75
DEGREES.

D - Correct, you want to position the PL anywhere between a 65-75
degree angle.

6

Aluminum ladders require considerably less maintenance than wood ladders and with a few simple precautions should provide long service. Which statement does not comply with standard maintenance procedures for portable aluminum ladders?

A) A thorough inspection of portable ladders shall be made weekly and after each use.

B) Grease is normally used only for internally guided aluminum truss ladders. The grease shall be cleaned from the guiding grooves, and they shall be decorated each year.

C) On extension ladders, plain candle wax or paraffin shall be applied every 3 months to all contacting surfaces of multiple section ladders.

D) Pulleys are found on all extension ladders. These pulleys usually have a ball bearing center that require 1 to 2 drops of oil once a year.

A) A thorough inspection of portable ladders shall be made weekly and after each use. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 14.2.3)

* A VISUAL INSPECTION shall be made WEEKLY.

* Company commanders shall cause a THOROUGH MONTHLY
INSPECTION of Aerial, Tower and Portable Ladders.

7

Which of the following glossary terms is not correct in regards to portable ladders?

A) A ladder with folding hooks at the top is known as a hook ladder or roof ladder.

B) The fly section is the moving section of an extension ladder

C) A folding ladder is also known as an "A" frame ladder

D) A straight ladder has only one section.

C) A folding ladder is also known as an "A" frame ladder. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, Glossary)

* Folding ladder = CLOSET LADDER

* "A" frame = Combo ladder

8

An apparatus should be no closer than _____ feet to the rear of the ladder apparatus at a fire or emergency?

A) 18

B) 20

C) 22

D) 24

B) 20

(Ladders 1, 8.1.1)

9

Which is correct about the base of the portable ladders used in the FDNY?

A) Straight ladders will only have steel spikes at their base.

B) Extension ladders will only have steel spikes at their base.

C) Some ladders will have swiveling rubber safety shoes and aluminum spikes.

D) When present, avoid using the rubber pads on hard surfaces

C) Some ladders will have swiveling rubber safety shoes and aluminum spikes.

(Ladders 1, 3.2)

A & B - Base can be either steel spikes or swiveling rubber shoes

D - When present, rubber pads ARE USED on hard surfaces.

10

Company officers must ensure that ladders are routinely inspected and that all equipment is in good condition and correctly attached to the apparatus. Which action of a company officer is not correct?

A) A lieutenant in an engine company with a spare rig ordered the portable ladder carried on the apparatus even though it could not be held securely.

B) The covering captain working in a ladder company ordered a portable ladder removed from service because it was subjected to excessive heat exposure even though there was no discoloration.

C) After a loose rivet was found, the lieutenant in Ladder 57 notified tech services and ordered the ladder to remain in service while awaiting a replacement ladder that was being delivered in the next 2 hours.

D) Ladders should be visually inspected weekly and after each use.

C) After a loose rivet was found, the lieutenant in Ladder 57 notified tech services and ordered the ladder to remain in service while awaiting a replacement ladder that was being delivered in the next 2 hours. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 5.3)

* Loose Rivet = defect
Defect = Ladder is not to remain in service

A - If ladder cannot be held securely onto the rig, notify tech services,
take a mark in the company journal and try to secure it safely. If the
officer decides it cannot be held securely enough where it is in
danger of falling, he can order it taken off the rig.

B - Officer can order a ladder removed from service due to excessive
heat exposure.

D - Ladder visually inspected weekly and after each use.

11

Prior to annual inspection, the Captain should ensure that all portable ladders are properly marked with unit and length. Which is incorrect?

A) Straight ladders shall be marked with the length on each end of the rail.

B) Extension ladders shall have the length marked on the butt end only of each rail of the bed ladder.

C) Unit designation shall also be marked on each ladder

D) Ladder length markings shall be visible when ladders are stored on apparatus.

E) Unit designation is marked within 12" and length within 18" of the end of the ladder.

E) Unit designation is marked within 12" and length within 18" of the end of the ladder. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 7.1)

* Unit designation marked within EIGHTEEN (18") INCHES
Length marked within TWELVE (12") INCHES

12

The proper climbing angle of a portable ladder is 65 degrees to 75 degrees. A simple formula to obtain a 75 degree angle is to place the base of the ladder from the wall a distance that is _____ the working length of the ladder.

A) 1/2

B) 1/3

C) 1/4

D) 1/5

C) 1/4

(Ladders 1, 8.4.4)

13

During MUD a lieutenant was discussing the proper placement of the tip of a portable ladder in different scenarios. Which is an incorrect statement?

A) When placed at a window, the tip shall be level with the window sill.

B) If placed to a roof, the tip shall be placed at least 2' above the roof.

C) When placed against a building along a fire escape, the tip shall be 1/3' above the fire escape railing.

D) The tip shall be slightly above the fire escape railing when placed against a fire escape.

E) When placed for window ventilation with a member on the ladder, the tip should be, if possible, slightly below the top of the window.

E) When placed for window ventilation with a member on the ladder, the tip should be, if possible, slightly below the top of the window. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 8.5.1)

* Window for ventilation = Level with or HIGHER than top of window

Placed at window = level with sill

Placed to roof = at least 2 feet above roof

Placed against building alongside fire escape = 1-3' above railing

Placed against fire escape = slightly above

14

Consider the following statements and select the incorrect concerning climbing portable ladders.

A) The underside of the beams are grasped with the hands.

B) When carrying a tool the hands should slide along the top of the beam.

C) Tools should not be carried inside the ladder over the rungs.

D) If the lady is icy, the feet are placed directly next to the beams.

B) When carrying a tool the hands should slide along the top of the beam. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 9.1.2)

* Slide hands along SIDE OF BEAM.

15

You are a lieutenant in a ladder company conducting drill on portable ladder placement at OLT fires. You review the scenarios below with your firefighters; they should know which is the only correct one?

A) To relieve overcrowding on a fire escape, the first portable ladder was placed adjacent to the drop ladder.

B) More relief was needed for the fire escape so a second portable ladder was placed to the first balcony.

C) If there is no front fire escape, and the fire is in the cellar, portable ladders aren't necessary on the front of the building if the Aerial ladder will be used on the upper floors.

D) A portable ladder should be placed to the 3rd floor for a fire on the 2nd floor.

D) A portable ladder should be placed to the 3rd floor for a fire on the 2nd floor.

(Ladders 1, 11.2.1)

A - 1st portable ladder placed OPPOSITE drop ladder, to relieve
overcrowding of fire escape.

B - 2nd portable ladder placed to 2ND BALCONY, to provide more
relief to an overcrowded fire escape.

C - Use portables even if using the Aerial ladder.

16

Portable ladder operations in the rear of buildings can sometimes be life or death situations. The OV and other firefighters have to make quick decisions about ladder size and route. Which is an incorrect action?

A) A 12' hook ladder may be used to gain access to various balconies when party wall balconies are present.

B) The 12' hook ladder could be positioned from the rear yard or the roof.

C) In most cases at Brownstone fires, it is quicker to bring a ladder through the first floor of an adjoining building than through the fire building.

D) For Row Frame fires, transporting through the first floor of the fire building is generally easier because front and rear doors are present at ground level.

C) In most cases at Brownstone fires, it is quicker to bring a ladder through the first floor of an adjoining building than through the fire building. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 11.2.2)

* Brownstone fires = ladder w/butt facing the rear through 2ND FLOOR

17

You are the Officer of the FAST unit for a fire in a 2 1/2 story peaked roof PD. You observe several actions involving portable ladders, which is incorrect?

A) A member is positioned on a ladder to vent a window, the ladder is upwind from the window.

B) A firefighter was using a 6 foot hook, which is the preferred tool, when venting windows from a portable ladder.

C) A firefighter positioned a portable ladder to a window and allowed the ladder to fall and break the window.

D) In order to stabilize the ladder to prevent its falling to the ground, a firefighter held the beams or rungs as the ladder was dropped against the window.

D) In order to stabilize the ladder to prevent its falling to the ground, a firefighter held the beams or rungs as the ladder was dropped against the window. (INCORRECT)

(Ladders 1, 11.3.2)

* NO CONTACT between member and ladder when it strikes glass.

18

You are a lieutenant in a ladder company that just operated at an all hands fire on the 2nd floor of an OLT with no front fire escapes. While critiquing operations with your firefighters you ask about the portable ladder placement. Which choice contains the correct placement of portable ladders on the front of the building?

A) The fire apartment and apartment above the fire

B) Apartment adjacent to fire area and apartment above the fire

C) Apartment adjacent to fire area and apartment above the adjacent apartment

D) Fire apartment and apartment adjacent to the fire apartment

C) Apartment adjacent to fire area and apartment above the adjacent apartment.

(Ladders 1, 11.2.1, Figure 8)

* Tenements without front fire escape:
When the fire is in the cellar, 1st floor and/or 2nd floor, raise the
portable ladders adjacent to and above the fire area.

19

You are a Captain working in Ladder 139. You are the special called truck for a fire in a 2 story taxpayer. Numerous portable ladders have been placed. Regarding the repositioning or movement of portable ladders that were used by members to gain entry to the fire building, it would be correct to state that ladder placed for entry by members?

A) Should never be moved unless an immediate life threatening situation exists.

B) May be moved only if necessary to use a ladder for search purposes

C) May be moved only if necessary to use a ladder for rescue purposes

D) May be moved only if another means of egress is available for the member who entered the building via the ladder.

C) May be moved only if necessary to use a ladder for rescue purposes

(Ladders 1, 11.3.11)

* Do not move or reposition a ladder used in this manner except if it is
necessary to use the ladder for rescue. Members operating in the area
the ladder was used to access should be notified regarding its
repositioning. The ladder should be returned to its original location
or replaced with another ladder as soon as possible.

20

Usually, all floors can be reached with portable ladders at Brownstone building fires. Which choice below regarding floor and ladder working lengths is incorrect?

A) 4th floor - 35' extension ladder

B) 3rd floor - 24' or 35' extension ladder

C) 2nd floor - "A" Frame or 24' extension only

D) All are correct

C) 2nd floor - "A" Frame or 24' extension only (INCORRECT)

(Portables 11.2.2)

* ALSO 16' EXTENSION LADDER