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Flashcards in FFP - ENGINE OPERATIONS Deck (161)
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0

You are working your first tour as a Lt. in E-254 and pull up first due for a fire on the second floor of a 6 story non fireproof multiple dwelling. As a Johnny Lt. you would know that all of the statements/actions below are correct except which?

A) Advise your nozzle team to enter the door to the fire area crouched low near the floor, regardless of conditions.

B) When communication is difficult, you know that giving your nozzle man 4 strong slaps on the back or shoulder would indicate an order to immediately withdraw the nozzle team.

C) When using a broken stream for venting purposes once the fire is under control, you would order the stream directed out of the window with the nozzle held 5-6 feet back from the window and the stream filling the opening.

D) Decisions delegated by the officer to his nozzle team include, direction of the stream, rate of advancement, sweeping floors, partial shutdown to regain control, opening the nozzle in an emergency, and calling for more line.

C) When using a broken stream for venting purposes once the fire is under control, you would order the stream directed out of the window with the nozzle held 5-6 feet back from the window and the stream filling the opening. (Incorrect)

* The nozzle should be held 4-5 feet back from the window and the stream filling the opening. (FFP Eng ch 5 5.1.23)

*Decisions delegated by the officer to nozzle team "DR SPOC"
Direction of stream
Rate of advancement
Sweeping floors
Partial shutdown to regain control
Opening nozzle in an emergency
Calling for more line

Opening/closing nozzle = 1 or 2 slaps on back/shoulder
Direction of stream = tug or pull on arm or nozzle
Advance line = steady push on back, mask or bunker coat
Halt advance = pull on back on shoulder, mask, coat
Immediate withdrawal = 4 hard slaps on back or shoulder

1

According to general Engine company operations, which one of the statements below is not entirely accurate?

A) When the fire building is located at the end of a narrow, dead end road, the ladder company can be allowed to enter the street before the engine company.

B) Nozzles should be inspected at the start of each tour. Fog nozzles should be maintained in the straight stream position with the tip rotated to the left.

C) Protection of life is the primary consideration at any fireground operation. Rescue attempts by the 1st arriving engine company without simultaneously stretching and positioning a line should be attempted only in extreme situations.

D) Warning signs of potential backdraft are reversal of air or pulling of smoke back into an opening, windows stained with smoke or pulsating, and dense black smoke which indicate a lack of oxygen. Dirty brown, yellow brown and gray yellow smoke are also indicators of a potential backdraft situation.

B) Nozzles should be inspected at the start of each tour. Fog nozzles should be maintained in the straight stream position with the tip rotated to the left. (Incorrect)

*Fog nozzles in the straight stream position when tip is rotated to the RIGHT. (FFP Eng 2.8.4)

2

You are the officer of an engine company who is going to work for a fire in a non fireproof multiple dwelling. Of the actions listed below, which one of you members was incorrect?

A) The ECC determined that one 90 degree kink in an 1 3/4" line results in a loss of 20 gpm or more and that 3 kinks could result in a loss of 90 gpm or more.

B) Your backup firefighter flakes out his hose up the public stair above the fire floor.

C) As progress is made on the fire, the nozzle man lowers the initial angle of the stream (forward and upward in a clockwise or side to side motion hitting the ceiling) and directs the stream toward the main body of fire.

D) Upon the arrival of additional companies, the first due control firefighter delegates the stretch to the second due control firefighter and joins the nozzle team inside of the building to put out the fire.

D) Upon the arrival of additional companies, the first due control firefighter delegates the stretch to the second due control firefighter and joins the nozzle team inside of the building to put out the fire. (Incorrect)

*1st due control DOES NOT delegate or transfer the stretch to 2nd due control. (FFP ENG 5 5.6.7)

*Backup firefighter can flake out hose:
Up the public stair above fire floor
Out in hallway of fire floor
In adjacent or opposite apartment on fire floor
Either wholly or partially in public hallway on floor below

3

When utilizing Inline Pumping at an operation, generally, a maximum of _____ lengths of 3 1/2" hose may be hand stretched back to the hydrant if necessary. The ECC utilizing Inline Pumping should have the water supply augmented if the intake pressure falls below ______.

A) 3, 10 psi

B) 6, 10 psi

C) 3, 15 psi

D) 6, 5 psi

C) 3, 15 psi

(Evolutions 1A Notes 10 & 12)

4

Engine 69 responds to a 10-75 on 142nd street and finds the first hydrant has been knocked over by a livery cab. They transmit a 10-70 over both the department radio and the handle talkie. Do you agree or disagree with Engine 69's actions?

A) Agree

B) Disagree

A) Agree

Transmit the 10-70 over both the department radio and the handle talkie.

(Evolutions 8 3.1)

5

At MUD the senior member of your engine company decides to discuss Inline Pumping (ILP). He was correct in all statements except which one?

A) The hydrant selected for ILP must be on a 10" or larger main.

B) 3 1/2" hose shall be used as the initial supply line.

C) Mo more than 6 lengths of hose shall be used in the initial supply line.

D) When the intake pressure falls below 15 psi, the pump operator shall have the intake supply augmented.

A) The hydrant selected for ILP must be on a 10" or larger main. (Incorrect)

* 6" or larger main

(Evolutions 1A Notes 2-5)

6

During a company drill the junior member of your truck company made 4 remarks regarding engine company operations in buildings with standpipes. Which remark is incorrect?

A) If supplying or operating from a standpipe outlet with a pressure reducing device (PRD) that can't be removed and there is no other outlet available without a PRD, you may use the outlet with the PRD.

B) 3 lengths of 2 1/2" hose requires 70 psi at the outlet with water flowing.

C) 4 lengths of 2 1/2" hose requires 80 psi at the outlet with water flowing.

D) Prior to flushing the standpipe system thoroughly, attach the inline pressure gauge.

D) Prior to flushing the standpipe system thoroughly, attach the inline pressure gauge. (Incorrect)

* Prior to attaching inline pressure gauge, flush standpipe system thoroughly.

(Engine Ops 9.4.7)

7

A company officer would order a 2 1/2" line to be stretched in a variety of situations. Which example is incorrect?

A) The line could be reasonably expected to take a defensive position.

B) When stretching off a standpipe.

C) An advanced fire on arrival.

D) A large body of fire present in a large compartmented area.

D) A large body of fire present in a large compartmented area. (Incorrect)

* A large UNCOMPARTMENTED area.

Acronym = DALLAS

Defensive position
Advanced fire on arrival
Large volume of water needed
Large body of fire in an UNCOMPARTMENTED area
Area undetermined
Standpipe operation

8

You are a newly promoted LT. enjoying your first day of BISP. While inspecting an enclosed parking garage, you realize the building card states that there is an "automatic sprinkler system" in this structure. You should know that the Siamese connection to this building should be which color?

A) red

B) green

C) aluminum

D) yellow

B) green

Red = standpipe

Green = automatic sprinkler system

Aluminum = non automatic sprinkler or perforated pipe

Yellow = combination sprinkler/siamese

9

Which statement about inline pumping is incorrect?

A) In a 4 firefighter engine company, the hose firefighter is the backup firefighter.

B) In a 5 firefighter engine company, the hose firefighter is the door firefighter.

C) No more than 3 lengths should be used in the initial supply line.

D) One buzzer indicates an emergency stop. Two buzzers indicates the hose firefighter is in position and the pumper is ready to proceed. Three buzzers indicates that the rear of the pumper is clear to backup.

C) No more than 3 lengths should be used in the initial supply line. (Incorrect)

*No more than 6 lengths shall be used in the initial supply line. Max of 3 lengths hand stretched back to the hydrant.

(Evolutions 1A)

10

Please choose an incorrect inline pumping procedure from the list below.

A) The pumper stops so that the rear step is opposite the hydrant.

B) The hydrant firefighter, equipped with a hydrant wrench and a 2 1/2" gate, tests the hydrant. A bolt cutter should be taken if necessary.

C) After the hydrant is deemed serviceable, the hose firefighter keys the hydrant by pulling sufficient 3 1/2" hose from the hose bed prepared for ILP and takes a turn around the hydrant.

D) The hydrant firefighter should maintain the key as the pumper proceeds, connect the 3 1/2" hose to the 4 1/2" outlet of the hydrant, and should always connect a 2 1/2" gate to the hydrant's 2 1/2" outlet.

D) The hydrant firefighter should maintain the key as the pumper proceeds, connect the 3 1/2" hose to the 4 1/2" outlet of the hydrant, and should always connect a 2 1/2" gate to the hydrant's 2 1/2" outlet. (Incorrect)

*Connect 2 1/2" gate IF TIME PERMITS

(Evolutions 1A, section 3.6)

11

After receiving notification from the ECC (from a 4 firefighter engine) to start water, the hydrant firefighter opens the hydrant fully and then proceeds to the pumper for the purpose of controlling the stretch, during an ILP operation. The hydrant firefighter, after controlling the stretch, ensures tools are placed on the apparatus and then proceeds to the fire, moving hose close to the curb, removing kinks, etc. However, depending on staffing, the initial hand lime stretch will be controlled by which firefighter listed below, until relieved by the Control firefighter?

A) Door firefighter

B) ECC

C) 2nd due Control firefighter

D) Backup firefighter

B) ECC

4 firefighter engine = ECC
5 firefighter engine = Door

(Evolutions 1A section 3.6)

12

Please choose a guideline that should not be followed when inline pumping?

A) Hydrant selected for ILP must be on a 6" or larger main. During Water Alert, ILP cannot be used.

B) Pumper shall use 3 1/2" hose as the initial supply line from the hydrant to the pumper.

C) Not more than 6 lengths of hose shall be used in the initial supply line.

D) When intake pressure falls below 15 psi, the pump operTor shall have his intake supply augmented.

A) Hydrant selected for ILP must be on a 6" or larger main. During Water Alert, ILP cannot be used. (Incorrect)

*During Water Alert ILP should not be used UNLESS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY.

(Evolution 1A, Notes)

13

During ILP the pumper may proceed to the operating position, stopping only to drop the hydrant firefighter off for testing the hydrant. Generally, a maximum of _____ lengths of 3 1/2" supply line may be hand stretched back to this hydrant if necessary. Fill in the blank.

A) 2

B) 4

C) 6

D) 3

D) 3

(Evolutions 1A, Notes)

14

ECC's must check their initial intake pressure is dynamic priory starting water during ILP operations and anticipate when their initial intake pressure is low (45-55 psi), that their residual pressure may not be capable of safely sustaining 3 handlines. The need for augmentation should be anticipated based on the initial intake pressure. Do you agree of disagree with the above paragraph?

A) Agree

B) Disagree

B) Disagree

*ECCS should check their initial intake pressure is STATIC.
*When intake pressure is low the residual pressure may not be capable of safely sustaining 2 HANDLINES.

(Evolution 1A)

15

Engine 306 arrives first due to a private dwelling fire to discover the intake pressure on their hydrant is extremely low. The officer promptly transmits a 10-70 and Engine 313 is designated the Water Resource Unit. In which part of the operation did the units operate incorrectly?

A) E-313's ECC used a 35' hydrant connection.

B) E-306 operated in pressure while E-313 operated in volume.

C) Both companies operated in the volume position.

D) The ECC knew augmentation was required when his intake pressure was below 15 psi.

B) E-306 operated in pressure while E-313 operated in volume. (Incorrect)

*Both companies should operate in volume except for standpipe operations. The operating pumper in standpipe operations will operate in pressure while the supply pumper will operate in volume.

(Evolution 8)

16

Water relays can complicate pumping operations for all but which one of the following reasons?

A) Require coordination between two or more pumpers.

B) Potential for generating high pressures.

C) More communication is required.

D) Decreased possibility of introducing air into the operating pumper.

D) Decreased possibility of introducing air into the operating pumper. (Incorrect)

*Water relays INCREASE the possibility of introducing air into the operating pumper.

(Evolutions 8 , 2)

17

What would be the pump status during a two pumper water relay at a standpipe operation where both apparatus are equipped with Pro Pressure Governors?

A) Supply pumper in Volume and the Operating pumper in Volume.

B) Supply pumper in Volume and the Operating pumper in Pressure.

C) Supply pumper in Pressure and the Operating pumper in Volume.

D) Supply pumper in Pressure and the Operating pumper in Volume.

B) Supply pumper in Volume and the Operating pumper in Pressure.

(Evolutions 8 3.4)

18

A Lt. of the first arriving engine transmits the signal 10-70 via department radio. What pumper on the initial alarm is designated as the Water Resource Unit?

A) Engine giving the 10-70 signal

B) Next arriving Engine upon hearing the signal

C) Second due Engine as per the alarm assignment card

D) Third arriving Engine

B) Next arriving Engine upon hearing the signal

(Evolutions 8 3.1 - 3.2)

19

During a large warehouse fire on the waterfront a water relay operation is ordered by the IC. According to Evolutions 8, if the Supply pumper's intake pressure falls below 15 psi who should the ECC of this pumper notify that the hydrant's supply limit has been reached?

A) Operating pumper ECC and Water Resource Unit Officer

B) Supply pumper Officer and IC

C) Operating pumper ECC and IC

D) Operating pumper Officer and IC

C) Operating pumper ECC and IC

(Evolutions 8 3.13)

20

When readying a hose lime from a standpipe floor outlet located inside a stairwell, how should the Engine company position it's folded lengths?

A) In hallway one floor below standpipe outlet

B) On landing above standpipe outlet

C) On landing below standpipe outlet

D) In hallway on floor where the fire is located

C) On landing below standpipe outlet

(Evolutions 9, 3.5)

21

An Engine company Lt. instructing members on standpipe hose operations was mistaken in which statement listed below?

A) All hose lines stretched from a standpipe shall be 2 1/2" in diameter.

B) Controlling nozzle with a 1 1/8" MST shall be used.

C) Generally, all hose lines stretched from standpipes are connected to outlets on a floor below the fire.

D) Variations from stretching initial hose lines from standpipe outlets on a floor below the fire due to building configuration shall be approved by the Borough Commander.

D) Variations from stretching initial hose lines from standpipe outlets on a floor below the fire due to building configuration shall be approved by the Borough Commander. (Incorrect)

*Approved by Division Commanders and put in CIDS

(Evolutions 9, 3.9)

22

If a pressure reducing valve (PRV) is found on a standpipe outlet, it should be removed. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

A) Agree

B) Disagree

B) Disagree

*PRD = Pressure Reducing Device

(Evolutions 9, 3.9)

23

What does the Siamese color marking of aluminum indicate?

A) Non automatic sprinkler

B) Automatic sprinkler

C) Combination standpipe/sprinkler

D) Standpipe

A) Non automatic sprinkler

(Evolutions 9, 3.9)

24

At a High Rise hotel fire, the 1st arriving Engine will be utilizing the standpipe system for its initial attack line. The Lt. of this company should instruct the ECC to take what action?

A) Connect 1st supply line to the standpipe Siamese and 2nd supply line to the sprinkler Siamese.

B) Connect 1st supply line to sprinkler Siamese and 2nd supply line to the standpipe Siamese.

C) Connect 1st two supply lines to the standpipe system.

D) Connect the 1st two supply lines to the sprinkler system.

A) Connect 1st supply line to the standpipe Siamese and 2nd supply line to the sprinkler Siamese.

(Evolutions 9, 3.9)

25

Units arriving on the scene of a fire in a one story taxpayer with CIDS indicating that the building has a non-automatic sprinkler system would expect to find a Siamese connection painted ___________?

A) Yellow

B) Silver

C) Aluminum

D) Green

C) Aluminum

(Engine Ops 9.3.2)

26

A Captain conducting drill on standpipe system operations was correct when he stated that standpipe systems should __________.

A) always be supplied with 2 1/2" hose or greater.

B) never be supplied or stretched from with a PRD on the selected outlet.

C) always be supplied by at least 2 different pumpers through at least two independent Siamese connections.

D) As a general rule, have at least a separate engine company supplying the standpipe system for each hose line placed into service.

D) As a general rule, have at least a separate engine company supplying the standpipe system for each hose line placed into service.

(PDs 6, section 9.3.3)

A - Always be supplied with 3 1/2" or greater.

B - Can sometimes be stretched from outlet with PRD

C - If possible, supplied by 2 different pumpers by 2 different Siamese connections (some buildings only have 1)

27

An ECC is supplying a standpipe system with 2 lengths of 3 1/2" hose in a High Rise MD where there is fire on the 18th floor and the first hose line with 3 lengths of hose is being stretched from an outlet on the 17th floor. In this situation, the pump discharge pressure for this one line operation should start at ______ psi.

A) 185

B) 190

C) 195

D) 200

D) 200

(Engine Ops 9 ADD 1 Chart)

Fire Floor Recommended Engine Discharge Pressure

Floors 1 – 10 150 psi
Floors 11 – 20 200 psi
Floors 21 – 30 250 psi
Floors 31 – 40 300 psi
Floors 41 – 50 350 psi
Floors 51 – 60 400 psi
Floors 61 – 70 450 psi
Floors 71 – 80 500 psi
Floors 81 – 90 550 psi
Floors 91 – 100 600 psi
Floors 101 – 110 650 psi

28

Which point regarding standpipe system operations is not stated correctly?

A) The first and second due engine companies will always operate together at standpipe operations to ensure prompt and efficient placement of the first hose line.

B) The inline pressure gauge should always be used on the standpipe outlet to ensure correct nozzle pressure. The inline gauge reading is only accurate when the nozzle is open fully and water is flowing.

C) Due to the potential for pressure problems, the FT-2 tip should not be used on hose lines stretched from standpipe outlets.

D) As a rule of thumb, 3 lengths of 2 1/2" hose stretched from a standpipe outlet requires 80 psi at the outlet with water flowing.

D) As a rule of thumb, 3 lengths of 2 1/2" hose stretched from a standpipe outlet requires 80 psi at the outlet with water flowing. (Incorrect)

(Engine Ops 9.4.2)

3 lengths = 70 psi
4 lengths = 80 psi

29

A Captain discussing FDNY pumpers was incorrect in which statement he made?

A) Conventional Engines are two stage pumpers (1000 gpm or 2000 gpm), that are capable of supplying pressure over 250 psi.

B) High Pressure Engines are two stage pumpers (1000 gpm or 2000 gpm) that pump at discharge pressures up to 600 psi.

C) 3rd stage Engines have a 3rd stage that can supply a maximum of 500 gpm up to 700 psi.

D) Conventional Engines should not operate in pressures exceeding 250 psi unless emergency conditions exist or they are ordered to do so by the IC.

D) Conventional Engines should not operate in pressures exceeding 250 psi unless emergency conditions exist or they are ordered to do so by the IC. (Incorrect)

(Engine Ops 9 ADD 1 1.1)

Conventional Engines should not operate in pressures exceeding 250 psi unless emergency conditions exist (AND) they are ordered to do so by the IC